Computer Awareness for Upcoming Exams Set 118

  1. Which of the following parameter passing mechanism(s) is/are supported by C++, but not by C?
    A) Pass by result
    B) Pass by value-result
    C) Pass by reference
    D) Pass by value
    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation:
    C does not support pass by reference.

  2. Which of the following stores recently used information so that it can be quickly accessed at a later time?
    A) Hard Disk
    B) Cache
    C) Virtual Memory
    D) Cookie
    View Answer
    Option B

  3. WORM is a data storage technology that prevents the drive from erasing the data. What is the full form of WORM?
    A) Write Once, Read Many
    B) Write Once, Read Much
    C) Write Once, Read More
    D) Write Out, Read Many
    View Answer
    Option D

  4. Large transaction processing systems in automated organisations use ____?
    A) Online Processing
    B) Once-a-day Processing
    C) Batch Processing
    D) End-of-day Processing
    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation:
    Batch processing is the execution of a series of programs (jobs) on a computer without manual intervention. Jobs are set up so they can be run to complete without human interaction. All input parameters are predefined through scripts, command-line arguments, control files, or job control language. Large transaction processing systems in automated organizations use Batch processing.

  5. How are the four main components of a computer interconnected internally?
    A) Cars
    B) Buses
    C) Lines
    D) Rods
    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation:
    A general purpose computer has four components like the Arithmetic Logical Unit, the Control Unit, the memory and input-output devices. These parts are interconnected by buses.

  6. Which of the following describes the maximum data transfer rate of a network or Internet connection?
    A) Protocol
    B) Speed
    C) Bandwidth
    D) ISP
    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation:
    Bandwidth measures how much data can be sent over a specific connection in a given amount of time.

  7. Which among the following is the shortcut key combination to copy formatting from text?
    A) Ctrl + Shift + C
    B) Tab + Shift + C
    C) Alt + Shift + C
    D) F1 + Shift + C
    View Answer
    Option A

  8. On which of the following principle does the cache memory works?
    A) Principal of spatial
    B) Principle of memory
    C) Principle of processing
    D) Principle of locality
    View Answer
    Option A
    Explanation:
    Locality of reference, also known as the principle of locality, is the tendency of a processor to access the same set of memory locations repetitively over a short period of time.

  9. Computer based record keeping system is known as the ____?
    A) DMS
    B) CRKS
    C) DBMS
    D) SQL
    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation:
    A database management system (DBMS) is essentially nothing more than a computerized data-keeping system. Users of the system are given facilities to perform several kinds of operations on such a system for either manipulation of the data in the database or the management of the database structure itself.

  10. ERP is an acronym for ______?
    A) Enterprise Reorder Planning
    B) Enterprise Resource Planning
    C) Enterprise Relationship Planning
    D) Enterprise Retirement Planning
    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation:
    Enterprise resource planning (ERP) refers to a type of software that organizations use to manage day-to-day business activities such as accounting, procurement, project management, risk management and compliance, and supply chain operations.

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