Daily Current Affairs 26th January, 2022

Daily Current Affairs 26 January 2022 for Banking/Insurance/SSC and other related exams.

INTERNATIONAL NEWS

India ranks 85 in Transparency International’s corruption index
With a score of 40, India ranks at 85th position in the Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), 2021. The report cites India’s case as “particularly worrying”.

  • India’s neighbours Pakistan has got a score of 28 and stands at 140th position whereas Bangladesh has 26. Bangladesh, Pakistan, Cambodia, and Singapore have also been marked as countries that have increased digital surveillance to silence those trying to hold governments accountable during the pandemic. 
  • The countries that have fared well are Denmark, Finland, and New Zealand, each with a score of 88 followed by Norway (85), Singapore (85), Sweden (85), Switzerland (84), the Netherlands (82), Luxembourg (81) and Germany (80). South Sudan, Syria, and Somalia with scores of 11, 13, 13, remain at the bottom of the index. 
  • According to CPI 2021, countries experiencing armed conflict or authoritarianism tend to earn the lowest scores and those include Venezuela (14), Afghanistan (16), North Korea (16), Yemen (16), Equatorial Guinea (17), Libya (17) and Turkmenistan (19).


BUSINESS & ECONOMY

IMF Downgrades India’s Economy Growth Forecast to 9% in FY22
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has cut India’s economic growth forecast to 9 per cent for the current fiscal year ending March 31, joining a host of agencies which have downgraded their projections on concerns over the impact of a spread of new variant of coronavirus on business activity and mobility.

  • In its latest update of World Economic Outlook, the Washington-based international financial institution, which had in October last year projected a 9.5 per cent GDP growth for India, put the forecast for the next fiscal FY23 (April 2022 to March 2023) at 7.1 per cent.
  • The Indian economy had contracted by 7.3 per cent in the 2020-21 fiscal year.

AWARDS

Babar Azam Named ICC ODI Cricketer of The Year
Pakistan skipper Babar Azam was named ICC ODI Cricketer of the Year following his exploits in 2021 when he scored 405 runs in six games at an average of 67.50.

  • The 27-year-old was the second-highest run-scorer with 228 runs and was the Player of the Match in both of Pakistan’s wins in the 2-1 series victory against South Africa.
  • The architect of Pakistan’s chase of 274 in the first ODI, Babar made a century and laid the foundation with an 82-ball 94 in the final ODI where the visitors posted 320 batting first.

Olympic gold medalist Neeraj Chopra gets Param Vishisht Seva Medal 
Olympian Neeraj Chopra honoured with Param Vishisht Seva Medal. Neeraj Chopra is the first track and field athlete to win a gold medal for India at the Olympics.

  • President Ram Nath Kovind honoured 384 defence personnel with Gallantry and other awards at the Rashtrapati Bhawan. The awards include 12 Shaurya Chakras, 29 Param Vishisht Seva Medals, four Uttam Yudh Seva Medals, 53 Ati Vishisht Seva Medals, 13 Yudh Seva Medals, three Bar to Vishisht Seva Medals.
  • The President also honoured the winners of 122 Vishisht Seva Medals, three Bar to Sena Medals (Gallantry), 81 Sena Medals (Gallantry), two Vayu Sena Medals (Gallantry), 40 Sena Medals (Devotion to Duty), eight Nao Sena Medals (Devotion to Duty), and 14 Vayu Sena Medals (Devotion to Duty). 

 Padma Awards 2022 announced
The names of 128 recipients of Padma Awards including 2 duo cases were confirmed by President Ram Nath Kovind. Among the awardees this year are veteran actor Victor Banerjee, playback singer Sonu Nigam, and filmmaker Chandraprakash Dwivedi.

  • The list comprises 4 Padma Vibhushan, 17 Padma Bhushan and 107 Padma Shri Awards.  34 of the awardees are women and the list also includes 10 persons from the category of Foreigners/NRI/PIO/OCI and 13 Posthumous awardees.
  • The award seeks to recognise achievements in all fields of activities or disciplines where an element of public service is involved. The awards have been given annually since 1954. 

Padma Vibhushan:

S. No Name  Field  State / Country
1 Ms. Prabha Atre Art Maharashtra
2 Shri Radheyshyam Khemka (Posthumous) Literature and Education U.P.
3 General Bipin Rawat (Posthumous) Civil Service Uttarakhand
4 Shri Kalyan Singh (Posthumous) Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh

Padma Bhushan:

S. No Name  Field  State / Country
1 Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad Public Affairs Jammu and Kashmir
2 Shri Victor Banerjee Art West Bengal
3 Ms. Gurmeet Bawa (Posthumous) Art Punjab
4 Shri Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee Public Affairs West Bengal
5 Shri Natarajan Chandrasekaran Trade and Industry Maharashtra
6 Shri Krishna Ella and Smt. Suchitra

Ella* (Duo)

Trade and Industry Telangana
7 Ms. Madhur Jaffery Others-Culinary USA
8 Shri Devendra Jhajharia Sports Rajasthan
9 Shri Rashid Khan Art Uttar Pradesh
10 Shri Rajiv Mehrishi Civil Service Rajasthan
11 Shri Satya Narayana Nadella Trade and Industry USA
12 Shri Sundararajan Pichai Trade and Industry USA
13 Shri Cyrus Poonawalla Trade and Industry Maharashtra
14 Shri Sanjaya Rajaram (Posthumous) Sci and Engg Mexico
15 Ms. Pratibha Ray Literature and Education Odisha
16 Swami Sachidanand Literature and Education Gujarat
17 Shri Vashishth Tripathi Literature and Education Uttar Pradesh
Padma Shri :
S. No Name  Field  State / Country
1 Shri Prahlad Rai Agarwala Trade and Industry West Bengal
2 Prof. Najma Akhtar Literature and Education Delhi
3 Shri Sumit Antil Sports Haryana
4 Shri T Senka Ao Literature and Education Nagaland
5 Ms. Kamalini Asthana and Ms.

Nalini Asthana* (Duo)

Art Uttar Pradesh
6 Shri Subbanna Ayyappan Science and Engineering Karnataka
7 Shri J K Bajaj Literature and Education Delhi
8 Shri Sirpi Balasubramaniam Literature and Education Tamil Nadu
9 Srimad Baba Balia Social Work Odisha
10 Ms. Sanghamitra Bandyopadhyay Science and Engineering West Bengal
11 Ms. Madhuri Barthwal Art Uttarakhand
12 Shri Akhone Asgar Ali Basharat Literature and Education Ladakh
13 Dr. Himmatrao Bawaskar Medicine Maharashtra
14 Shri Harmohinder Singh Bedi Literature and Education Punjab
15 Shri Pramod Bhagat Sports Odisha
16 Shri S Ballesh Bhajantri Art Tamil Nadu
17 Shri Khandu Wangchuk Bhutia Art Sikkim
18 Shri Maria Christopher Byrski Literature and Education Poland
19 Acharya Chandanaji Social Work Bihar
20 Ms. Sulochana Chavan Art Maharashtra
21 Shri Neeraj Chopra Sports Haryana
22 Ms. Shakuntala Choudhary Social Work Assam
23 Shri Sankaranarayana Menon Chundayil Sports Kerala
24 Shri S Damodaran Social Work Tamil Nadu
25 Shri Faisal Ali Dar Sports J&K
26 Shri Jagjit Singh Dardi Trade and Industry Chandigarh
27 Dr. Prokar Dasgupta Medicine U.K.
28 Shri Aditya Prasad Dash Science and Engineering Odisha
29 Dr. Lata Desa Medicine Gujarat
30 Shri Malji bhai Desai Public Affairs Gujarat
31 Ms. Basanti Devi Social Work Uttarakhand
32 Ms. Lourembam Bino Devi Art Manipur
33 Ms. Muktamani Devi Trade and Industry Manipur
34 Ms. Shyamamani Devi Art Odisha
35 Shri Khalil Dhantejvi (Posthumous) Lit. and Education Gujarat
36 Shri Savaji Bhai Dholakia Social Work Gujarat
37 Shri Arjun Singh Dhurve Art Madhya Pradesh
38 Dr. Vijaykumar Vinayak Dongre Medicine Maharashtra
39 Shri Chandraprakash Dwivedi Art Rajasthan
40 Shri Dhaneswar Engti Lit. and Education Assam
41 Shri Om Prakash Gandhi Social Work Haryana
42 Shri Narasimha Rao Garikapati Lit. and Education Andhra Pradesh
43 Shri Girdhari Ram Ghonju (Posthumous) Lit. and Education Jharkhand
44 Shri Shaibal Gupta (Posthumous) Lit. and Education Bihar
45 Shri Narasingha Prasad Guru Lit. and Education Odisha
46 Shri Gosaveedu Shaik Hassan (Posthumous) Art Andhra Pradesh
47 Shri Ryuko Hira Trade and Industry Japan
48 Ms. Sosamma Iype Animal Husbandry Kerala
49 Shri Avadh Kishore Jadia Lit. and Education Madhya Pradesh
50 Ms. Sowcar Janaki Art Tamil Nadu
51 Ms. Tara Jauhar Lit and Education Delhi
52 Ms. Vandana Kataria Sports Uttarakhand
53 Shri H R Keshavamurthy Art Karnataka
54 Shri Rutger Kortenhorst Lit and Education Ireland
55 Shri P Narayana Kurup Lit and Education Kerala
56 Ms. Avani Lekhara Sports Rajasthan
57 Shri Moti Lal Madan Sci and Engineering Haryana
58 Shri Shivnath Mishra Art Uttar Pradesh
59 Dr. Narendra Prasad Misra (Posthumous) Medicine Madhya Pradesh
60 Shri Darshanam Mogilaiah Art Telangana
61 Shri Guruprasad Mohapatra (Posthumous) Civil Service Delhi
62 Shri Thavil Kongampattu A V Murugaiyan Art Puducherry
63 Ms. R Muthukannammal Art Tamil Nadu
64 Shri Abdul Khader Nadakattin Grassroots Innovation Karnataka
65 Shri Amai Mahalinga Naik Agriculture Karnataka
66 Shri Tsering Namgyal Art Ladakh
67 Shri A K C Natarajan Art Tamil Nadu
68 Shri V L Nghaka Lit. and Education Mizoram
69 Shri Sonu Nigam Art Maharashtra
70 Shri Ram Sahay Panday Art Madhya Pradesh
71 Shri Chirapat Prapandavidya Lit and Education Thailand
72 Ms. K V Rabiya Social Work Kerala
73 Shri Anil Kumar Rajvanshi Sci and Engineering Maharashtra
74 Shri Sheesh Ram Art Uttar Pradesh
75 Shri Ramachandraiah Art Telangana
76 Dr. Sunkara Venkata Adinarayana Rao Medicine Andhra Pradesh
77 Ms. Gamit Ramilaben Raysingbhai Social Work Gujarat
78 Ms. Padmaja Reddy Art Telangana
79 Guru Tulku Rinpoche Spiritualism Arunachal Pradesh
80 Shri Brahmanand Sankhwalkar Sports Goa
81 Shri Vidyanand Sarek Lit and Education Himachal Pradesh
82 Shri Kali Pada Saren Lit. and Education West Bengal
83 Dr. Veeraswamy Seshiah Medicine Tamil Nadu
84 Ms. Prabhaben Shah Social Work Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
85 Shri Dilip Shahani Lit and Education Delhi
86 Shri Ram Dayal Sharma Art Rajasthan
87 Shri Vishwamurti Shastri Lit. and Education J&K
88 Ms. Tatiana Lvovna Shaumyan Lit. and Education Russia
89 Shri Siddhalingaiah (Posthumous) Lit. and Education Karnataka
90 Shri Kaajee Singh Art West Bengal
91 Shri Konsam Ibomcha Singh Art Manipur
92 Shri Prem Singh Social Work Punjab
93 Shri Seth Pal Singh Agriculture Uttar Pradesh
94 Ms. Vidya Vindu Singh Lit. and Education Uttar Pradesh
95 Baba Iqbal Singh Ji Social Work Punjab
96 Dr. Bhimsen Singhal Medicine Maharashtra
97 Shri Sivananda Yoga Uttar Pradesh
98 Shri Ajay Kumar Sonkar Sci and Engineering Uttar Pradesh
99 Ms. Ajita Srivastava Art Uttar Pradesh
100 Sadguru Brahmeshanand Acharya Swami Spiritualism Goa
101 Dr. Balaji Tambe (Posthumous) Medicine Maharashtra
102 Shri Raghuvendra Tanwar Lit and Education Haryana
103 Dr. Kamlakar Tripathi Medicine Uttar Pradesh
104 Ms. Lalita Vakil Art Himachal Pradesh
105 Ms. Durga Bai Vyam Art Madhya Pradesh
106 Shri Jyantkumar Maganlal Vyas Sci and Engineering Gujarat
107 Ms. Badaplin War Lit and Education Meghalaya

Jai Bhim, Marakkar: Arabikadalinte Simham enter Oscars 2022 long list
Suriya’s ‘Jai Bhim’ and Mohanlal’s ‘Marakkar: Arabikadalinte Simham’ have been included in the long list of films eligible for the Oscars 2022. The two films found a place in the shortlist of 276 films which are in contention to get nominated at the 94th Academy Awards.

  • The final list of films shortlisted for the Oscars will be announced on February 8 and the award ceremony will be broadcasted on March 27 at the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles. 


SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

CDRI develops Omicron Testing Kit name, “Om”
The CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute (CDRI) has developed an indigenous RT-PCR diagnostic kit, called ‘Om’, for testing the new Omicron variant of Covid-19.

  • It is the first kit made by any government institution, and the third to be made indigenously, for specific testing of Omicron.The kit will cost around Rs 150 and give the test result in around two hours.
  • At present, two more such kits developed by private players are available in the market.


IMPORTANT DAYS

73rd Republic Day
India celebrated its 73rd Republic Day with the iconic parade at Delhi’s Rajpath showcasing its military prowess and cultural pageantry. A flypast by 75 aircraft and helicopters was the highlight of this year’s parade. 

  • This year’s celebrations are significant – it’s the 75th anniversary of India’s Independence, being observed as ‘Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav’ across the country.
  • The parade, led by Lieutenant General Vijay Kumar Mishra, started after the tricolour was unfurled with a 21-gun salute. The winners of the country’s highest gallantry awards, Param Vir Chakra and Ashok Chakra, led the contingents in saluting the President, the Supreme Commander of armed forces.


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