Editorials English Vocabulary Words Set 118

English Vocabulary Words with Meanings for various Exams: SBI PO, NIACL, NICL, IBPS PO/Clerk, RRB, RBI, IPPB, UICL, OICL. We are providing vocabulary words from the Articles of Newspapers like The Hindu, The Economist, The Indian Express, etc. which are important for the upcoming exams. Add some more words to your English vocabulary words list.

1. FRUGAL  (Adjective)  – avoiding waste ; using only as much money or food as is necessary

  • Synonyms:  Sparing, Economical, Saving; Careful, Cautious, Prudent, Provident, Unwasteful, Sensible
  • Antonyms:  lavish , extravagant, careless, spendthrift, wasteful, incautious
  • Usage:  I am a bit too frugal to splash out on designer clothes.

2. GALLANT (Adjective) – of brave nature ; of good manners ; a man who is charmingly attentive to women.

  • Synonyms: Brave, Courageous, Valiant, Valorous, Bold, Plucky, Daring, Fearless, Chivalrous, Gentlemanly, Courtly, Courteous
  • Antonyms:  Unheroic, Unimposing, Unimpressive, Discourteous, Rude, Coward
  • Usage: She made a gallant attempt to hide her tears.

3. MOLLIFY  (verb) – make calm or softer ; to make somebody feel less angry or upset ; reduce the severity of (something).

  • Synonyms:  Appease,  Pacify, Conciliate,  Soothe, Calm, Allay, Assuage, Alleviate,  Lessen, Reduce, Moderate
  • Antonyms:  Aggravate, Agitate, Excite, Incite, Increase, Intensify, Irritate, Provoke, Upset, Worry
  • Usage: Nature reserves were set up around new power stations to mollify local conservationists.

4. ANTAGONIZE (verb) – provoke someone to react angrily ; to do something to make somebody angry with you

  • Synonyms:  Oppose, Clash , Annoy , Alienate , Aggravate , Irritate , Repel
  • Antonyms:  Aid, Calm, Soothe, Agree, Help , Appease
  • Usage: Anna loves to antagonize her little sister by hiding her doll clothes.

5. PROCLIVITY (noun) – a natural inclination ; a tendency to choose or do something regularly; an inclination or predisposition towards a particular thing.

  • Synonyms:  Tendency, Bent,  Leaning, Inclination , Proneness , Liableness, Desire, Liking
  • Antonyms:  Antipathy, Disinclination, Dislike , Hate , Repulsion, Aversion
  • Usage: This proclivity hinders their ability to respond effectively to challenges.

6. CHAGRIN (noun) – strong feelings of embarrassment , annoyance or distress at having failed or been humiliated.

  • Synonyms: Annoyance, Irritation, Displeasure, Anger, Fury, Wrath, Dissatisfaction, Discontent, Embarrassment
  • Antonyms:  Delight , Pleasure, Satisfaction, Gladness, Comfort , Amusement
  • Usage: She felt chagrin at being rejected.

7. QUIXOTIC (adjective) – foolishly impractical; often unpredictable ; extremely idealistic; unrealistic

  • Synonyms:  Idealistic,  Romantic, Extravagant,  Unrealistic, Unworldly , Imaginary , Delusive, Impracticable, Unworkable
  • Antonyms:  Practical , Pragmatic , Clear, Realistic , Down-To-Earth , Unsentimental , Pragmatical
  • Usage: Although Jack’s plan for killing the giant was quixotic, it was the village’s only hope.

8. CREDENCE  (noun) – the attitude that something is believable and should be accepted as true ; belief in or acceptance of something as true.

  • Synonyms:  Acceptance, Belief, Faith, Trust, Confidence, Reliance, Assurance
  • Antonyms:  Distrust , Uncertainty , Disbelief, Doubt , Infidelity , Rejection
  • Usage:  His ideas quickly gained credence among economists.

9. DISDAIN (noun) –  lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike ; the feeling that someone or something is unworthy of one’s consideration or respect.

  • Synonyms: Despise, Contempt, Scorn, Scornfulness, Contemptuousness, Derision, Disrespect, Arrogance,
  • Antonyms:  Respect, Praise , Admiration , Sympathy , Appreciation , Admire
  • Usage: It is evident from the media coverage that New York protesters have great disdain for Wall Street.

10. ERUDITE (adjective) – well read or esteemed for knowledge ; having or showing great knowledge or learning.

  • Synonyms: Learned, Scholarly, Well Educated, Knowledgeable, Cultured, Cultivated, Civilized, Intellectual, Intelligent,
  • Antonyms:  Ignorant, Uneducated , Dumb , Unlearned , Uncultured , Unwise
  • Usage: The room was full of erudite scholars who made the discussion on astronomy fun and interesting.

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