Editorials English Vocabulary Words Set 119

English Vocabulary Words with Meanings for various Exams: SBI PO, NIACL, NICL, IBPS PO/Clerk, RRB, RBI, IPPB, UICL, OICL. We are providing vocabulary words from the Articles of Newspapers like The Hindu, The Economist, The Indian Express, etc. which are important for the upcoming exams. Add some more words to your English vocabulary words list.

1. Exonerate (verb) – absolve (someone) from blame for a fault or wrongdoing ; to prove that someone is not guilty of a crime or responsible for a problem, bad situation, etc.

  • Synonyms:  Absolve, Clear, Acquit, Discharge , Release, Discharge, Relieve, Free, Liberate
  • Antonyms:  Blame, Condemn , Convict, Punish, Accuse, Charge
  • Usage: Unfortunately, the video footage does not exonerate John of the robbery charges.

2. Cajole (verb) – persuade someone to do something; convince with gentle pleading; sweet-talk

  • Synonyms: Persuade, Wheedle, Coax,Flatter, Delude, Lure, Seduce, Tempt, Inveigle,Woo
  • Antonyms:  Repulse, Disgust, Discourage, Dissuade , Force, Repel
  • Usage: Each time we dine there, Harish manages to cajole the waiter into giving us something for free.

3. Burgeon (verb) – grow and flourish ; expand rapidly

  • Synonyms: Accelerate, Accumulate, Appreciate, Balloon, Boom, Enlarge, Escalate,Expand, Gain, Increase
  • Antonyms:  Contract, Decrease, Diminish, Dwindle, Lessen, Recede, Wane
  • Usage: As car prices go down, car dealers are expecting sales to burgeon.

4. Arcane (adjective) – requiring secret or mysterious knowledge ; understood by only a few

  • Synonyms:  Abstruse, Deep, Esoteric, Profound, Recondite , Mysterious
  • Antonyms:  Common, Known , Normal, Easy, Simple, Straightforward
  • Usage: Because it is no longer taught in schools, people are concerned that cursive writing will become arcane.

5. Brevity (noun) – the attribute of being brief or fleeting; the use of brief expressions ; concise and exact use of words in writing or speech.

  • Synonyms:  Briefness, Concision, Conciseness, Shortness, Lessening, Reducing, Shortening
  • Antonyms:  Extensiveness, Expansion, Growth, Lengthiness, Extending, Extension
  • Usage: Because my sister is not known for her brevity, she is never asked to speak at formal events.

6. Efface (verb) – make inconspicuous; remove completely from recognition or memory; to cause something to fade or disappear.

  • Synonyms: Abolish, Annihilate, Blackout,  Cancel, Eradicate, Erase ,Exterminate, Liquidate, Obliterate, Destroy, Create, Build, Preserve, Save
  • Antonyms:  Conserve, Preserve, Protect, Save
  • Usage: If the candidate is elected, he promises to efface crime from our city

7. Juxtapose (verb) – place side by side ; the fact of two things being seen or placed close together with contrasting effect.

  • Synonyms:   Mix, Compare, Contrast,  Collocate, Colligate, Connect, Appose, Adjacent, Adjoining, Bordering
  • Antonyms:  Nonadjacent, Noncontiguous, Apart, Detached, Disconnected
  • Usage: What impressed me most about the song was its juxtaposition of country and classic soul.

8. Petulant (adjective) – easily irritated or annoyed ; to describe a person or behavior that is irritable, especially in a childish way ;  childishly sulky or bad-tempered.

  • Synonyms: Crabby, Cranky, Cross, Crotchety, Fiery, Grouchy, Grumpy, Irascible, Irritable, Prickly, Quick-Tempered, Raspy, Short-Tempered
  • Antonyms:  Affable, Companionable, Cordial, Extroverted,  Good-Natured, Good-Tempered, Sweet, Friendly
  • Usage: After being fired, Joshua behaved like a petulant toddler and threw a major tantrum.

9. Tawdry (adjective) – cheap and shoddy; tastelessly showy ; cheap and poor in appearance or quality

  • Synonyms: Gaudy,  Tasteless, Vulgar, Brash, Crass, Rubbishy, Trashy, Junky, Cheap, Worthless, Shoddy
  • Antonyms:  Nice, Tasteful, Sophisticated, Worthy,
  • Usage: Because Herman did not want people to think him tawdry, he always bought the most expensive clothes on the market.

10. Languid (adjective) – lacking spirit or liveliness ; very slow and relaxed

  • Synonyms:  Dull, Lethargic, Lazy, Languishing, Inactive, Limp, Listless, Spiritless
  • Antonyms:  Ambitious, Animated, Energetic, Enterprising, Motivated, Active, Dynamic, Eager
  • Usage: After a stressful day of work, I am going to enjoy a languid walk through the quiet park.

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