English Vocabulary Words with Meanings for various Exams: SBI PO, NIACL, NICL, IBPS PO/Clerk, RRB, RBI, IPPB, UICL, OICL. We are providing vocabulary words from the Articles of Newspapers like The Hindu, The Economist, The Indian Express, etc. which are important for the upcoming exams. Add some more words to your English vocabulary words list.
1. Antediluvian (adjective) – So extremely old as seeming to belong to an earlier period; greatly out of date.
- Synonyms: age-old, aged, ancient, antique, dateless, hoar, primitive, immemorial, old, obsolete
- Antonyms: modern, new, recent, up-to-date , recent
- Usage: As soon as the latest iPhone came out, the older models became antediluvian to tech experts.
2. Vilify (noun) – A rude expression intended to offend or hurt; making of false statements that damage another’s reputation.
- Synonyms: asperse, blacken, defame, libel, malign, slander, smear, traduce
- Antonyms: praise, applause , acclaim, applaud, commend
- Usage: Unfortunately, the internet and social media have made it very easy for people to vilify their enemies.
3. Whittle (verb) – Cut small bits ; to reduce or gradually eliminate something.
- Synonyms: cut, incise, reduce, eliminate
- Antonyms: increase, add, create, boom
- Usage: Due to budget restrictions, John had to whittle down the list of party invitees.
4. Usurp (verb) – To take over; to seize or use something without authority or with force.
- Synonyms: grab, arrogate, commandeer, expropriate, pirate, seize, take over
- Antonyms: give in, forfeit, relinquish, abdicate
- Usage: The president does not usurp his position because he is elected by the people.
5. Venal (noun) – Willing to do dishonest things in return for money; willing to take bribes.
- Synonyms: corrupt, dishonest, bribable, unscrupulous , unethical
- Antonyms: ethical, honest, principled, scrupulous, noble, incorruptible
- Usage: The venal police officer accepted the money the drug dealers gave him to look away from their illegal deals.
6. Whet (verb) – Make keen or more acute; sharpen by rubbing; to trigger or make desire.
- Synonyms: edge, intensify, sharpen, stimulate, grind, arouse, provoke
- Antonyms: blunt, dull , dishearten ,depress
- Usage: As I walked up my grandmother’s steps, I realized the smell of her food was enough to whet my appetite.
7. Stymie (verb) – To stand as an obstacle ; hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment.
- Synonyms: clog, cramp, hinder, hobble, inhibit, obstruct, shackle, block
- Antonyms: aid, assist, facilitate, help
- Usage: When I threatened to report my neighbors to the police, I hoped my warning would stymie the late night parties the couple often had.
8. Pilfer (verb) – Make off with belongings of others; steal ; to take illegally in small amounts.
- Synonyms: filch, heist, hook, nip, pinch, snitch, steal, swipe
- Antonyms: give, return, recompense, give back
- Usage: As I read the novel, I realized the author’s story was simply a mesh of plots he had chosen to pilfer from other writers.
9. Quirk (noun) – A strange habit ; an odd behavior or different way of acting.
- Synonyms: crotchet, oddity, queerness, quirkiness, peculiarity
- Antonyms: normality, usualness, conformity
- Usage: Each man in the mental health ward has a quirk that makes him unique.
10. Recant (verb) – To retract a public statement ; formally reject a formerly held belief, usually under pressure.
- Synonyms: abjure, forswear , disavow, renounce, repeal, take back, withdraw
- Antonyms: adhere, reiterate, uphold, affirm
- Usage: The judge ordered the magazine to recant the false statements it made about the actress.