English Vocabulary Words with Meanings for various Exams: SBI PO, NIACL, NICL, IBPS PO/Clerk, RRB, RBI, IPPB, UICL, OICL. We are providing vocabulary words from the Articles of Newspapers like The Hindu, The Economist, The Indian Express, etc. which are important for the upcoming exams. Add some more words to your English vocabulary words list.
1. Abjure (verb) – To give up a belief or an activity ; formally reject or go back on
- Synonyms: Withdraw, Deny, Reject, Forswear, Recant, Renege, Renounce, Repeal, Repudiate
- Antonyms: Adhere, Accept, Affirm, Uphold, Maintain
- Usage: Because the lawyer felt his potential client was uncooperative, he decided to abjure the case and let another attorney handle it.
2. Concubine (noun) – A woman who lives with a man as a mistress but has a lower status than his wife/wives
- Synonyms: Mistress, Lover, Prostitute, Paramour, Escort
- Antonyms: Abhor
- Usage: As a concubine of the emperor, the young woman lived with him in the palace as his mistress.
3. Facile (adjective) – Ignoring the true complexities of an issue ; easily achieved
- Synonyms: Effortless, Simplistic, Uncomplicated , Superficial, Smooth, Oversimplified
- Antonyms: Laborious , Difficult, Stressful, Harsh, Complicated
- Usage: The boy laughed when his teacher gave him a facile puzzle that would take him less than a minute to put together.
4. Fathom (noun) – Come to understand after much thought ; measure the depth of (water)
- Synonyms: Understand, Comprehend, Work Out, Apprehend, Catch, Grasp, Follow, Perceive, Penetrate, Sound, Plumb
- Antonyms: Misunderstand, Mislead, Bewilder, Misperceive
- Usage: Since I have always done my work, I cannot fathom why my boss just fired me.
5. Squander (verb) – Spend thoughtlessly; to use up carelessly
- Synonyms: Throw Away, Dissipate, Fiddle Away, Lavish, Lose, Misspend, Spend,Throw Away, Waste
- Antonyms: Save, Hoard, Conserve, Preserve, Collect, Accumulate
- Usage: Tarun has a tendency to squander his entire allowance on comic books and action figures.
6. Slovenly (adjective) – Having a dirty appearance ; lacking neatness in dress or person
- Synonyms: Untidy, Dirty, Messy, Shabby, Slatternly, Disheveled, Filthy
- Antonyms: Dapper, Neat, Tidy, Dashing, Cleaned, Sharp, Smart, Spruce
- Usage: Because Janie is a pet hoarder, with over twenty cats, it is not surprising that she lives in a slovenly home.
7. Sentinel (noun) – A soldier or guard whose job is to stand and keep watch
- Synonyms: Custodian, Guard, Guardian, Keeper, Lookout, Warden, Warder, Watch, Watchman
- Antonyms: Enemy, Assault, Attack, Harass
- Usage: At my house, my German Shepherd is the sentinel who keeps anyone from coming inside without permission.
8. Caprice (noun) – An impulsive act; a sudden and unaccountable change of mood or behaviour.
- Synonyms: Crank, Fancy, Freak, Humor, Kink, Impulse, Notion, Vagary, Vagrancy, Whim, Whimsy
- Antonyms: Constancy, Stability, Firmness, Steadiness
- Usage: Because John did not think before acting, he could spend the next ten years in prison for a silly caprice.
9. Dingy (adjective) – Thickly covered with ingrained dirt ; not clean
- Synonyms: Gloomy, Drab, Dark, Dull, Dismal, Dirty, Discoloured, Grimy, Faded, Shabby, Dowdy, Worn
- Antonyms: Clean, Neat, Spick-And-Span , Stainless, Ultraclean,Unsoiled
- Usage: Her dress was a dingy grey that was two sizes too big and could have used a wash.
10. Banal (adjective) – Boring because it contains nothing new and lacks originality
- Synonyms: Stale , Unexciting, Uninspiring, Unrewarding, Boring,Dull, Lifeless,Monotonous
- Antonyms: Fresh, Original, New, Creative, Exciting, Interesting
- Usage: Because the movie’s plot was banal, we knew exactly how the film would end.