Editorials English Vocabulary Words Set 138

English Vocabulary Words with Meanings for various Exams: SBI PO, NIACL, NICL, IBPS PO/Clerk, RRB, RBI, IPPB, UICL, OICL. We are providing vocabulary words from the Articles of Newspapers like The Hindu, The Economist, The Indian Express, etc. which are important for the upcoming exams. Add some more words to your English vocabulary words list.

1. Construe (verb) – To make understandable; interpret (a word or action) in a particular way.

  • Synonyms:  Interpret, Understand, Explain, Define, Translate, Clarify
  • Antonyms:  Misunderstand, Confuse, Complicate, Miscomprehend, Obscure
  • Usage: Although I tried to pay you a compliment, you have decided to construe my words as an insult.

2. Aggrandize (verb) –Make greater in power, rank, honor, or wealth ; to assign a high status or value to.

  • Synonyms:  Increase, Glorify, Magnify, Dignify, Expand, Amplify, Intensify
  • Antonyms:  Degrade,  Decry, Depreciate, Reduce, Diminish, Belittle
  • Usage: He is a person who only supports causes that aggrandize him in the eyes of the world.

3. Exigent (adjective) – Needing immediate attention.

  • Synonyms:   Urgent ,Compelling, Critical,  Imperative,  Instant,  Necessary
  • Antonyms:  Unpressured, Easy, Casual, Effortless, Usual
  • Usage: The police should always obtain a search warrant unless there is an emergency or exigent circumstances.

4. Didactic (adjective) – Designed or intended to teach, particularly in having moral instruction.

  • Synonyms: Preachy, Instructional, Educational, Informative, Scholastic, Enlightening
  • Antonyms:  Uninformative, Unenlightening, Uninstructive, Noneducational , Unenlightened
  • Usage: Since you are taking a trip to Europe, you might want to review this didactic guidebook on the subject of European travel.

5. Assiduous (adjective) – Showing great care and perseverance.

  • Synonyms: Active, Diligent, Careful, Meticulous, Thorough, Sedulous, Attentive, Laborious
  • Antonyms:  Lazy, Inactive, Idle, Negligent, Dull
  • Usage: The assiduous students chose to work on their term paper instead of going out to play.

6. Mawkish (adjective) – Being overly sentimental to the point it comes across as fake or silly.

  • Synonyms:  Sentimental, Maudlin, Mushy, Sappy
  • Antonyms:  Unemotional, Unsentimental, Stoic, Serious
  • Usage: To the experienced detective, the victim’s wife appeared mawkish as though she was putting on an act.

7. Compunction (noun) – Anxiety arising from awareness of guilt.

  • Synonyms:  Regret, Remorse, Shame, Reluctance, Uneasiness
  • Antonyms:  Assurance, Certainty, Confidence, Conviction, Firmness
  • Usage: The drunk driver showed no compunction after killing an innocent person.

8. Claptrap (noun) – Absurd or nonsensical talk or ideas.

  • Synonyms:  Nonsense, Absurd, Rubbish, Gibberish, Bullshit , Insanity
  • Antonyms:  Common Sense,  Rationality, Reasonability, Sensibleness
  • Usage: The idea that you can get a cold from not dressing warmly is claptrap.

9. Surfeit (noun) – An overabundant supply.

  • Synonyms: Excess, Surplus, Abundance, Oversupply, Superabundance, Superfluity, Overdose
  • Antonyms:  Shortage, Deficiency, Lack, Deplete,  Deficit, Insufficiency
  • Usage: When the store manager accidently ordered a surfeit of pencils and pens, he was unable to sell the extra items and decided to donate them to a local school.

10. Truculent (adjective) – Eager or quick to argue or fight.

  • Synonyms:  Aggressive,  Quarrelsome, Argumentative, Assaultive, Ferocious
  • Antonyms:  Peaceful, Kindhearted, Sociable, Friendly, Cooperative
  • Usage: When my uncle drinks too much, he becomes very truculent and will fight anyone.

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