English: Cloze Test for Upcoming Exams – Set 157

Directions(1-10): In the passage given below there are 10 blanks. Every blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C), and (D). You have to tell which word is APPROPRIATE according to the context. If all are appropriate then mark your answer as “E”.

As an environmental ___1___ that killed an estimated 1.24 million people in India in 2017, air pollution should be among the highest policy priorities. But the Centre and State governments have tended to treat it as a chronic ___2___ that ___3___ a solution. The deadly results of official apathy are outlined in the Global Burden of Disease 2017 report on the impact of air pollution on deaths, disease burden, and life expectancy across the states of India, published by The Lancet. Millions of people are forced to lead ___4___ lives or face premature death due to bad air quality. India’s national standard for ___5___ fine particulate matter, or PM2.5, is notoriously lax at 40 micrograms per cubic metre, but even so, 77% of the population was exposed to higher levels on average. No State met the annual average exposure norm for PM2.5 of 10 micrograms per cubic metre set by the World Health Organisation. If the country paid greater attention to ambient air quality and household air pollution, the researchers say, people living in the worst-affected States of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan and Jharkhand could add more than 1.7 years to their life expectancy. Similar gains would ___6___ nationwide, but it is regions with low social development, reflected partly in reliance on solid fuels for cooking, and those with ambient air pollution caused by stubble-burning, construction dust and ___7___ motorisation such as Delhi that would benefit the most.
Sustainable solutions must be found for stubble-burning and the use of solid fuels in households, the two major sources of pollution, and State governments must be made accountable for this. The Centre should work with Punjab and Haryana to ensure that the machinery already ___8___ to farmers and cooperatives to handle agricultural waste is in place and working. A mechanism for rapid collection of farm residues has to be ___9___. In fact, new approaches to recovering value from biomass could be the way forward. The proposal from a furniture-maker to convert straw into useful products will be keenly watched for its outcomes. A shift away from solid fuels to LPG in millions of low-income homes has provided health benefits, The Lancet study says, underscoring the value of clean alternatives. The potential of domestic biogas units, solar cookers and improved biomass cookstoves has to be ___10___, since they impose no additional expenditure on rural and less affluent households.

  1. felicity
    All are Correct
    Option B


  2. merriment
    All are Correct
    Option C


  3. surrenders
    All are Correct
    Option D


  4. morbid
    All are Correct
    Option A


  5. distant
    All are Correct
    Option B


  6. languish
    All are Correct
    Option C


  7. hedged
    All are Correct
    Option D


  8. distributed
    All are Correct
    Option A


  9. annulled
    All are Correct
    Option C


  10. obscure
    All are Correct
    Option D


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