English: Cloze Test for Upcoming Exams – Set 165

Directions(1-10): In the passage given below there are 10 blanks. Every blank has five alternative words given in options (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E). You have to tell which word is APPROPRIATE according to the context.

The key ______(1) from the UN’s World Population Prospects 2019 report is that national leaders must _____(2) their efforts to raise education, health and living standards for people everywhere. India is ______(3) to become the most populous country by 2027 surpassing China, and ______(4) 1.64 billion people by 2050; the world as a whole could be home _______(5) 8.5 billion people in just over a decade from now, and the number could go up to 9.7 billion by mid-­century. The projections should be viewed in perspective, considering that alarmist Malthusian fears of inability to provide for more than a billion people on earth did not come true. Yet, there are strong arguments in favour of _______(6) population numbers by raising the quality of life of people, and achieving sustainable development that will not destroy the environment. The UN report shows migration to countries with a falling ratio of working age people to those above 65 will be steady, as those economies open up to workers to _______(7) economic production. Japan has the ______(8) such ratio, followed by Europe and the Caribbean; in over three decades, North America, Eastern and Southeastern Asia will join this group. India ______(9) will have a vast number of young people and insufficient natural resources left for exploitation. Preparing for the changes and opportunities migration ______(10) will depend on a skills revolution.

  1. status
    report
    effect
    message
    reporting
    Option D

     

  2. T
    reattempt
    restart
    redouble
    intensify
    None of these
    Option C

     

  3. expect
    project
    reported
    predict
    projected
    Option E

     

  4. lead
    host
    hosting
    enable
    has
    Option B

     

  5. for
    over
    to
    there
    None of these
    Option C

     

  6. maintain
    declining
    declined
    bracing
    stabilising
    Option E

     

  7. comfort
    hearten
    support
    sustain
    decrease
    Option D

     

  8. lower
    higher
    highest
    lowest
    largest
    Option D

     

  9. moreover
    nevertheless
    nonetheless
    meanwhile
    however
    Option D

     

  10. provide
    provided
    offer
    offers
    give
    Option D

     

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