English: Cloze Test for Upcoming Exams – Set 169

Direction: In the passage given below, there are 10 blanks. Each blank has four alternative words given in choices. You have to tell which choice or combination of choices does not fit in the respective blank.

David Spiegelhalter, president of Royal Statistical Society in the U.K., gave a most unusual presidential address in 2017. ___1___ talking about esoteric statistical techniques, he talked about declining trust in numbers in a post-truth society ___2___ by fake news and alternative facts. He ___3___ to the statistical community that the best way of inspiring trust was to be trustworthy by demonstrating competence, reliability and honesty.

India has been ___4___ in inheriting a statistical system from ___5___ like P.C. Mahalanobis and C.R. Rao that has historically demonstrated all three. However, with the growing demand for statistics and increasingly challenging data collection environment, the move by Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI) towards ___6___ a National Policy on Official Statistics is most welcome.

There is much to like in this policy. It notes increasing data needs, lays down the ___7___ for ethical data collection, highlights the importance of data quality and ___8___ the need for documentation and durable data storage. However, it also remains ___9___ within the confines of governmental administrative structures and does not directly address the criteria identified by Mr. Spiegelhalter. In the Indian context, each of these presents great___10___.

  1. Instead of
    Alternate in
    Rather than
    Opposite with
    Both B and D
    Option E

     

  2. Bombarded
    Beset
    Fired
    Besieged
    Badgered
    Option C

     

  3. Boasted
    Recommended
    Proposed
    Prescribed
    Both A and D
    Option A

     

  4. Benevolent
    Fortunate
    Lucky
    Fortuitous
    Both A and D
    Option A

     

  5. Stalwarts
    Champions
    Defenders
    Antagonists
    Both C and D
    Option E

     

  6. Developing
    Formulation
    Gauging
    Making
    Both B and C
    Option C

     

  7. Groundwork
    Foundation
    Bedrock
    Cornerstone
    All are correct
    Option E

     

  8. Addresses
    Superscribes
    Discourses
    Both B and C
    Both A and C
    Option D

     

  9. Rooted
    Tenacious
    Grounded
    Fixed
    Deep
    Option B
    Tenacious means stubborn.

     

  10. Challenge
    Opportunity
    Options
    Both A and B
    Both B and C
    Option E

     

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