Directions(1-10): In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested one of which fills the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.
A Texas high school student and his mother recently called attention to a curious line in a geography textbook: a description of the Atlantic slave trade as bringing “millions of workers” to plantations in the American South. McGraw-Hill Education, the publisher of the textbook, has since (1) that the term “workers” was a (2). The company’s chief executive also (3) to revise the textbook so that its digital version as well as its next edition would more accurately describe the forced migration and enslavement of Africans. In the meantime, the company is also (4) to send stickers to cover the passage. But it will take more than that to fix the way slavery is taught in Texas textbooks. In 2010, the Texas Board of Education approved a social studies (5) that promotes capitalism and Republican political philosophies. The curriculum guidelines prompted many concerns, including that new textbooks would (6) slavery as the cause of the Civil War. This fall, five million public school students in Texas began using the textbooks based on the new (7). And some of these books distort history not through word choices but through a tool we often think of as apolitical: grammar. In September, Bobby Finger of the website Jezebel obtained and published some (8) from the new books, showing much of what is objectionable about their content. The books play down the horror of slavery and even seem to claim that it had an upside. This (9) took the form of a distinctive African-American culture, in which family was central, Christianity provided “hope,” folk tales expressed “joy” and (10) dances were important social events. But it is not only the substance of the passages that is a problem. It is also their form. The writers’ decisions about how to construct sentences, about what the subject of the sentence will be, about whether the verb will be active or passive, shape the message that slavery was not all that bad.
Misnomer means a wrong or inaccurate use of a name or term.
Alias means a false or assumed identity.
Pseudonym means a fictitious name, especially one used by an author.
Sobriquet means a person’s nickname.
Role-play means to act out or perform the part of a person or character, for example as a technique in training or psychotherapy.Motivate means to provide (someone) with a reason for doing something.
Downplay means to make (something) appear less important than it really is.
Encourage means to give support, confidence, or hope to (someone).
Strengthen means to make or become stronger.
Excerpts mean short extracts or portions from a film, broadcast, or piece of music or writing.