English: Cloze Test for Upcoming Exams – Set 183

Directions (1-10): In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately.

It is a pity that we do not have good books on insurance written by Indian authors (Q1) to the steady growth of literature on the subject in other countries especially, the USA whose insurance laws and (Q2) are very much similar to those of our country. And students studying in our colleges and the millions of insurance employees appearing for various insurance examinations have to (Q3) depend on books written by foreign authors. As these books mainly deal with the problems of the insurance industry of foreign countries, the (Q4) of the insurance scene in India and the various legal (Q5) and insurance procedures remain very weak. To (Q6) the insurance employees and the college students who have opted for (Q7) courses in insurance with different aspects of theory and practice of insurance we should have good and (Q8) textbooks. The book under review written by V.M.R. Nair himself an experienced and (Q9) expert on insurance law based on leading Indian cases will be found very useful by students of the insurance sector as a (Q10) guide to the principles of insurance.

  1. paving
    corresponding
    following
    emphasize
    correcting
    Option B
    The sentence wants to convey that despite the fact that US and Indian laws regarding insurance are almost similar, there is not much contribution of Indian authors on the subject. To highlight the same, the most appropriate filler here is ‘Corresponding’. Grammatically also the other options such as following, paving, emphasize and correcting do not take the determiner “to” after them.

     

  2. process
    product
    notes
    currency
    procedures
    Option E
    Contextually and grammatically, ‘procedures’ fits the blank most appropriately. Also following the parallelism rule, the sentence needs a word to combine with “laws” in the context of insurance terminology. Seeking a plural noun, none except “procedures” fits the position so well.

     

  3. slightly
    never
    still
    unless
    until
    Option C
    To show the dependency of Indian readers on foreign author’s books due to unavailabiltiy of good books written by Indian authors, the best filler here is ‘still’.

     

  4. proving
    searching
    applicating
    understanding
    acknowledge
    Option D
    Among the given options ‘understanding’ is the most correct response grammatically as well as contextually. Considering the other options, the function word “of” goes grammatically with “searching” and “understanding”. But given the context of the sentence, which talks about insurance books written by foreign authors and related issues,
    “understanding” the application of laws in Indian scenario becomes more appropriate.

     

  5. law
    aspects
    experts
    books
    loop
    Option B
    The author wants to highlight the various legal spheres. Corresponding to the same, ‘aspect’ is the most suitable response.

     

  6. equipped
    arm
    decorate
    promote
    load
    Option B
    ‘To arm’ is a phrase which means ‘to help’ or assist. Also “to equip” also have a similar meaning, but grammatically the second form of the verb “equipped” given in the option does not fit with the determiner “To”.

     

  7. optional
    expensive
    tough
    deep
    specialised
    Option E
    ‘Specialized’ is the most appropriate adjective that can be sufficed here to describe the noun “courses” making it contextually and grammatically appropriate here.

     

  8. authentic
    voluminous
    many
    prompt
    shining
    Option A
    To help the reader develop a proper understanding of the subject, good and genuine content is required so that they have factual and dependable information with them. Corresponding to this, ‘authentic’ is the most appropriate adjective that can be used for insurance textbooks, which means genuine and real.

     

  9. consulting
    qualified
    rich
    merchant
    tired
    Option B
    One develops expertise either through experience or qualification. The word ‘and’ between experienced and filler indicates that both the things are true in this case. Hence, ‘qualified’ is the most appropriate filler.

     

  10. learned
    powerful
    ready
    comprehensive
    prescribed
    Option D
    ‘Comprehensive’ is the most appropriate filler both contextually as well as grammatically which means including or dealing with all or nearly all elements or aspects of something.

     

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