English: Cloze Test for upcoming exams – Set 65

In the passage given below there are 7 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Even blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C) and (D). You have to tell which word will best suit the respective blank. Mark (E) as your answer if the work given in bold after the blank is your answer i.e “No change required.

WHILE the nation’s attention is sought to be _(1) (riveted)___ on an organised jumlagiri around the GST, a serious security situation has been developing in the Doklam sector on the China-Bhutan (India) border since June 16. Tempers are running high. The Chinese, always good at ___(2) (chalking)__ perceptions, have found a lame excuse to block the Kailash Mansarovar yatra through the Nathu La route. The Indian Army and the PLA have come in eyeball to eyeball confrontation, with neither side willing to __(3) (balance)___ first. In a show of __(4)_(humbleness)___, the Indian Army Chief has been asked to visit Bhutan. The Chinese side has provocatively sought to remind the Indian Army of ‘historic lessons’; the PLA spokesperson had deliberately directed his remarks at the Indian Army Chief, Gen Bipin Rawat, perhaps in the knowledge that the good General does not easily back away from a verbal duel.

If there is any ‘historic lesson’ for the two countries to learn, it is this: ensure that rhetorical excesses __(5)_(make)__ snowball into an unthought and unsought and unplanned conflict. We in India are far more vulnerable on this count because of our democratic habits and __(6)_(measures)__. In recent years in our domestic politics we have been prone to talk in macho terms; large chunks of our national media takes pride in talking tough and rough towards ‘enemies’ at home and abroad. The most formidable strategic challenge ___(7)_ (against)__ the political leadership is how not to fall in the trap of this hyper-nationalistic grandiloquence.

  1. A) derived
    B) tedious
    C) plodded
    D) counted
    E) No correction required.
    View Answer
       Option E
    Explanation: 
    Rivet – to command the attention of
  2. A) pulling
    B) tweaking
    C) adjusted
    D) vellicating
    E) No correction required.
    View Answer
       Option B
    Explanation: 
    Tweak – to adjust something to make it better
  3. A) alter
    B) convert
    C) repair
    D) blink
    E) No correction required.
    View Answer
       Option D
    Explanation: 
    blink – shut and open the eyes quickly.
    makes sense here because of words – eyeball to eyeball confrontation
  4. A) abjectness
    B) grouchiness
    C) humbleness
    D) combativeness
    E) No correction required.
    View Answer
       Option D
    Explanation: 
    Combative – ready or eager to fight or argue.
    Since China is not allowing India to pass through Nathu La route, so in a show to argue or fight, China has said India (Kailash Mansarovar yatra) to go to Bhutan first.
  5. A) turn its
    B) do not
    C) raise
    D) will make
    E) No correction required.
    View Answer
       Option B
    Explanation: 
    snowball into – to become larger or more serious by growing like a snowball being rolled.
  6. A) practices
    B) routines
    C) learning
    D) traits
    E) No correction required.
    View Answer
       Option A
  7. A) pointed by
    B) tedious
    C) before
    D) testing
    E) No correction required.
    View Answer
       Option C

In the passage given below there are 7 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Even blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C) and (D). You have to tell which word will best suit the respective blank. Mark (E) as your answer if the work given in bold after the blank is your answer i.e “No change required.

MANY scientific studies are flawed. Often, the reason is poor methodology. Sometimes, it is __(1)_(ranked)__ fraud. The conventional means of correction—a letter to the journal concerned—can take months. But there is now a/an __(2)_(obligation)__. PubPeer is a website that lets people comment anonymously on research papers and so, in theory, helps __(3)_(purge)_ the scientific literature of erroneous findings more speedily.

Since its launch in 2012, PubPeer has alerted scientists to __(4)_(align)_ and image manipulation in papers, and exposed cases of misconduct. But it has also attracted criticism, not least from journal editors, some of whom argue anonymity’s cloak lets vendettas flourish unchecked. Now the site is ___(5)_(perplex)__ in a court case that tests the limits of free speech under America’s First Amendment, and may define what it is permissible for researchers to say online and anonymously about science.

  1. A) outright
    B) written
    C) stated
    D) adroitly
    E) No correction required.
    View Answer
       Option A
    Explanation: 
    outright – wholly and completely.
  2. A) condemnation
    B) alternative
    C) conflict
    D) strategy
    E) No correction required.
    View Answer
       Option B
  3. A) to void
    B) conserve
    C) enveil
    D) castigate
    E) No correction required.
    View Answer
       Option D
    Explanation: 
    Purge – to get rid of something or someone
    void is also correct, but helps void not helps to void. Help is not followed by to
  4. A) mistakes
    B) indicate
    C) arrange
    D) operate
    E) No correction required.
    View Answer
       Option A
  5. A) entangle
    B) released
    C) embroiled
    D) exploited
    E) No correction required.
    View Answer
       Option C
    Explanation: 
    Embroil –  involve (someone) deeply in an argument, conflict, or difficult situation.
    second form of verb will come.

 

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