English: Cloze Test for Upcoming Exams – Set 116

Directions: In the passage given below there are 10 blanks. Every blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C), and (D). You have to tell which option is appropriate according to the context. If all are appropriate then mark your answer as “E”.

In recent weeks signs have appeared in the ____1____ arrivals hall at Soekarno-Hatta airport in Jakarta, Indonesia’s capital, exhorting visitors to shun the dollar in the name of national sovereignty. “Use rupiah for all transactions in Indonesia!” travellers are told, as they wait, interminably, at the luggage____2_____ . That reflects old suspicions of foreign interference in the economy, South-East Asia’s largest, coupled with newer concerns about the currency’s vulnerability to capital flight.

In 2013, when the Federal Reserve’s “tapering” of its asset purchases led to a 21% slide in the rupiah against the dollar, Indonesia was seen as one of the “fragile five” emerging markets. Of late, ____3_____ have resurfaced. On December 14th the Fed raised interest rates for the first time in a year. More rises are expected this year. Higher yields in advanced economies draw capital from emerging markets, putting pressure on their currencies. The rupiah fell by 3.7% against the dollar in November, the steepest monthly decline for more than a year, as part of a wider ____4____ of emerging-market currencies.

This partly explains why Indonesian officials are so ____5____. On January 3rd the finance ministry severed all business ties with J.P. Morgan, after the American investment bank downgraded its view of Indonesian equities to “underweight” following Donald Trump’s election victory. Sri Mulyani Indrawati, the finance minister, said that financial institutions have a responsibility to create positive sentiment. On January 16th J.P. Morgan partially backtracked, shifting to a “neutral” stance and saying the post-election volatility it had ____6____ had “played out”.

It is not the first time Indonesian officials have ____7____ banks for their research. In 2015 Bambang Brodjonegoro, Ms Mulyani’s predecessor, memorably told J.P. Morgan analysts responsible for a similarly critical note to do 100 press-ups. Ms Mulyani, however, is widely regarded as the cabinet’s most pro-market member, following a previous, reformist ____8____ as finance minister in 2005-10. Markets rallied when the president, Joko Widodo, brought her back in a reshuffle last July. So her actions took observers aback.

Indonesia relies on foreign capital to finance a current-account deficit. Foreign reserves amount to a ____9____ $116bn, but are among the lowest in Asia relative to the economy’s overall financing needs. Foreigners hold nearly 40% of Indonesia’s local-currency bonds. So it is vulnerable to souring sentiment.

Still, the economy seems better placed to withstand shocks than a few years ago. The trade surplus rose to $8.8bn last year, the highest level since 2011. Exports are recovering rapidly, boosted by higher prices for coal and other commodities. At 1.8% of GDP, in the most recent quarter the current-account deficit is less than half what it was in 2013. External debt is relatively low.

Alarmist signs at the airport and lashing out at banks for their research tend to ____10____ rather than highlight such positive indicators. Not for the first time, Indonesian nervousness risks making the country appear weaker than it actually is.

  1. brisk
    dizzy
    hasty
    poky
    All are correct
    Option D

     

  2. conveyors
    cartridges
    carousels
    reveleries
    All are correct
    Option E

     

  3. anxieties
    serenities
    gratifications
    advantages
    All are correct
    Option A

     

  4. bargain
    vended
    sell-off
    saleable
    All are correct
    Option E

     

  5. bluntly
    amiably
    prickly
    simply
    All are correct
    Option C

     

  6. gingered
    expected
    couraged
    feared
    All are correct
    Option D

     

  7. fined
    penalised
    punished
    retaliated
    All are correct
    Option E

     

  8. exuberant
    lavish
    stint
    plethora
    All are correct
    Option C

     

  9. jejune
    gaunt
    heavy
    hefty
    All are correct
    Option D

     

  10. admit
    divulge
    disinter
    bury
    All are correct
    Option D

     



 

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4 Thoughts to “English: Cloze Test for Upcoming Exams – Set 116”

  1. swati

    great thank you

  2. Always smile:)

    uffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff tough one

  3. ahtesham ahmed

    did not get a good score

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