English: Cloze Test for Upcoming Exams – Set 117

Directions: In the passage given below there are 10 blanks. Every blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C), and (D). You have to tell which option is appropriate according to the context. If all are appropriate then mark your answer as “E”.

Economic Armageddon became a ____1____ more likely when Donald Trump took office on January 20th, given his threats to ____2____ a 45% tariff on Chinese imports. “No one will emerge as a winner in a trade war,” Xi Jinping, China’s president, ____3____ just days earlier. He was not quite right. In any catastrophe, a few survive; some even thrive.

Tariffs that high would serve as a tax on American shoppers buying phones, computers and clothes . They might not dent their wallets too much—a study found that in 2010 goods and services from China made up less than 3% of consumer spending. Poorer Americans would be hit harder, however, as they spend a higher share of their income on ____4____ goods.

American importers would suffer from a____5____. Importers of electronics and clothing enjoy higher retail and wholesale margins than other importers. A tariff would ____6_____ into them. Their competitors, relying on domestic suppliers, could benefit and raise prices.

A ____7_____ on trade between America and China would be painful but not catastrophic for China’s economy. It has weaned itself off export-led growth. Analysts from Morgan Stanley, an investment bank, find that even in a worst-case scenario, with tariffs of 45% imposed on both directions of trade between China and America, exports would fall by almost 13% and GDP growth would be crimped by 1.4 percentage points.

The biggest Chinese firms included in the MSCI China stock index are less ____8_____ on American customers than those in the American equivalent are on Chinese customers. America accounts for more than 10% of revenues for fewer than 2% of the Chinese firms included (though their shares would suffer in a trade war as foreign investors run for cover).

In the short run, countries ____9_____ into China’s supply chains, such as Taiwan and South Korea, would lose out from the ____10____ demand for their wares. But other countries could win, if any tariff was restricted to China. Toy manufacturers in Mexico and clothes-stitchers in Vietnam could enjoy a surge in demand. Numbers crunched by Deutsche Bank suggest that a 10% fall in American imports from China could leave a gap which, if plugged by Mexico, could boost Mexican exports by almost 3%. Assuming they can get through the wall, of course.

  1. shred
    bit
    fragment
    crumb
    All are correct
    Option B

     

  2. impose
    demand
    ordain
    coax
    All are correct
    Option A

     

  3. rhythmic
    murmer
    enunciated
    intoned
    All are correct
    Option D

     

  4. negotiable
    tradable
    redeemable
    marketable
    All are correct
    Option E

     

  5. impost
    charge
    levy
    tariff
    All are correct
    Option E

     

  6. eat
    vandalize
    preserve
    detain
    All are correct
    Option A

     

  7. donate
    slacken
    sprinkle
    squeeze
    All are correct
    Option D

     

  8. sovereign
    candid
    reliant
    supreme
    All are correct
    Option C

     

  9. laced
    linked
    woven
    pliated
    All are correct
    Option C

     

  10. blared
    challenged
    stifled
    brazen
    All are correct
    Option C

     



 

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3 Thoughts to “English: Cloze Test for Upcoming Exams – Set 117”

  1. manjeet singh

    no explanation……….???

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