English : Cloze Test for Upcoming Exams – Set 28

New Pattern Cloze Test for SBI PO, NIACL Assistant, IBPS PO, Clerk and other competitive Exams. These New Pattern Questions will be helpful in preparing for upcoming exams.

In the passage given below there are 5 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Even blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C) and (D). You have to tell which word will best suit the respective blank. Mark (E) as your answer if the work given in bold after the blank is your answer i.e “No change required”.

DURING the past two decades astonishing progress has been made in fighting infectious diseases in poor countries. Polio has almost been eradicated; malaria is being tamed ; HIV/AIDS is slowly being brought under (1)_______ [scan] . Yet almost unnoticed, another epidemic is (2)_______ [boiling] across the developing world, this one man-made.
Road crashes now kill 1.3m people a year, more than malaria or tuberculosis. On present trends, by 2030 they will take a greater toll than the two together, and greater even than HIV/AIDS. The vast majority of (3)______ [prospects] die in poor and middle-income countries—1.2m in 2011, compared with 99,000 in rich ones. For every 100,000 cars in the rich world, fewer than 15 people die each year. In Ethiopia the figure is 250 times higher.
It is tempting to see the carnage as the price of development. Building roads is a highly effective way of boosting growth: the World Bank finds many projects to fund that do better than its minimum acceptable economic rate of return of 12%. In the rich world road deaths and growth went hand-in-hand for decades: the first death-by-car was in 1896 and the peak came in the 1970s.
However, since then, restraints on drivers and investment in safety have slashed road deaths in the rich world by more than half. New York’s roads are now at their safest since records began in 1910. Sweden is still some way from its stated goal of ending road deaths altogether, but in 2013 just one Swedish child under seven died in a crash. Technology such as alcolocks, which prevent drunk-driving, and (eventually) self-driving cars will make (4)_____ [ways] in the rich world safer still.

Governments in poor countries tend to assume that they, too, must see deaths soar before they are rich enough to think about saving lives. Aid donors and development banks may conclude that a dangerous road is better than no road at all. But the experience of rich countries has shown that roads can be made safer cheaply and simply. And far from being an unaffordable luxury, safe roads make better economic sense than dangerous ones. Most crash victims are boys and working-age men. Their death or maiming leaves families destitute and deprives countries of their most economically valuable citizens. In medical bills, care, lost output and vehicle damage, the (5)_____ [transportation] costs desperately poor countries as much as 10% of GDP.

  1. A) eradication
    B) control
    C) notice
    D) detection
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option B
  2. A) gleeful
    B) provoked
    C) violent
    D) raging
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option D
  3. A) martyr
    B) victims
    C) innocents
    D) culprit
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option B
  4. A) roads
    B) development
    C) technology
    D) protocols
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option A
  5. A) roads
    B) technology
    C) carnage
    D) agriculture
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation
    : carnage- the killing of a large number of people

In the passage given below there are 5 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Even blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C) and (D). You have to tell which word will best suit the respective blank. Mark (E) as your answer if the work given in bold after the blank is your answer i.e “No change required”.

THE week of March 8th, which is International Women’s Day, is the peak time of the year for (6)______ [analyse] progress towards gender equality. One area where women still appear to (7)______ [look] daunting career obstacles is the sciences. Elsevier, an academic publisher, recently conducted a tally of female scientists around the world in 27 subject areas. It counted the researchers who authored peer-reviewed papers published over the past 20 years, in 11 mostly rich countries and in the European Union as a whole. The papers are from Scopus, an index of more than 62m papers.

In the EU, and in eight of the countries considered, the share of women authors grew from about 30% in the late 1990s to about 40% two decades later. Brazil and Portugal are closest to equality, each just a percentage point shy of a 50-50 split. In Japan, by (8)_____ [similar trend] , barely a fifth of researchers are female.

Women are best represented in subjects related to healthcare. In nursing and psychology, for example, they outnumber men in several countries, including America and Britain. By contrast, less than a quarter of researchers who publish papers in the physical sciences are women. Perhaps as a consequence of this, inventors who register patents are still almost all men. In most of the places (9)______ [inspired] by the report, the share of patent applications by women grew since the late 1990s, but ranges from 8% of those filed in Japan to 26% in Portugal. Such large (10)______ [equality] suggest that the world is missing out on countless physical discoveries and innovative products, because it is failing to take full advantage of the scientific brainpower of half of its population.

  1. A) changing
    B) rectifying
    C) assessing
    D) criticizing
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option C
  2. A) observe
    B) face
    C) cross
    D) image
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option B
  3. A) competition
    B) harmony
    C) contrast
    D) facsimile
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option C
  4. A) formulated
    B) adopted
    C) pictures
    D) covered
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option D
  5. A) coordination
    B) fairness
    C) imbalances
    D) parallelism
    E) No change required
    View Answer
    Option C

 

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