English: Cloze Test for upcoming exams – Set 77

Direction: In the passage given below there are 6 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Every blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C) and (D). You have to tell which word will best suit the respective blank. Mark (E) as your answer if the work given in bold after the blank is your answer i.e “No change required

Quant  (1)   (hedge)  funds have long been seen as the nerdy (2)     (herald) of finance. Firms such as Renaissance Technologies, Two Sigma and Man AHL, each of which manages tens of billions of dollars, hire talented mathematicians and physicists to sit in their airy offices and develop trading algorithms. But what if such talent could be harnessed without the hassle of an expensive and time-consuming recruitment process? That is the (3)     (belief) Quantopian, a hedge fund and online crowd-sourcing platform founded in 2011, is testing. Anyone can learn to build trading algorithms on its platform. The most successful are then picked to manage money. Last month the firm announced it had made its first allocations of funds to 15 algorithms it had selected.

Quantopian would appear to have one (4)     (striking) advantage over its competitors: sheer weight of numbers. The difficulty of hiring and a desire for secrecy limit even big quant funds to a full-time research staff in the low hundreds. Quantopian boasts 120,000 members on its platform.

These are (5)     (innocents), however, not full-time employees. John Fawcett, Quantopian’s CEO, says many sign up to learn how to apply algorithms to trading; they usually already have experience in coding and modelling in domains outside finance. Few will have their algorithms selected, an honour that comes with a licensing fee of 10% of net profits . The rest (6)     (keep on to)  use their algorithms to trade their own money.

  1. A) evade
    B) representation
    C) waffle
    D) skirt
    E) No Correction Required
    View Answer
      Option E
    Explanation:
    hedge = a way of protecting oneself from financial loss
  2. A) point
    B) vanguard
    C) anterior
    D) explorer
    E) No Correction Required
    View Answer
      Option B
    Explanation:
    vanguard = a position in the forefront of new ideas
  3. A) axiom
    B) premise
    C) proposition
    D) resolution
    E) No Correction Required
    View Answer
      Option C
    Explanation:
    proposition = assertion that expresses a judgement
  4. A) prominent
    B) memorable
    C) imposing
    D) sensational
    E) No Correction Required
    View Answer
      Option E
    Explanation:
    striking = attracting attention by reason of being unusual extreme
  5. A) financers
    B) lovers
    C) amateurs
    D) dabblers
    E) No Correction Required
    View Answer
      Option C
    Explanation:
    amateurs = a person who engages in a pursuit
  6. A) will not
    B) needs to
    C) would able to
    D) can at least
    E) No Correction Required
    View Answer
      Option D 

Direction: In the passage given below there are 6 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Even blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C) and (D). You have to tell which word will best suit the respective blank. Mark (E) as your answer if the work given in bold after the blank is your answer i.e “No change required

Dr Rühe’s approach is to mimic a second living organism—this time an animal, the lizard. As lizards grow, their scales do not grow with them. Instead, old scales are shed and replaced from below by new ones. Dr Rühe (1)     (deduced) that it might likewise be possible to create a stack of lotus-like layers that would (2)      (flake off) when damaged, revealing a (3)      (pellucid) surface beneath.

Lotus-like man-made materials belong to a class known as nanograsses—so called because, under an electron microscope, they resemble lawns. Dr Rühe’s nanograsses have water-repellent “blades” attached to thin sheets of silicon. The task he set himself was to (4)      (organized) a stack of these that could tell when the one at the top was compromised so badly that it needed to be replaced, and then replace it automatically.    

He conceived of doing this by gluing the layers of the stack together with a water-soluble material. He reasoned that, as the top layer got worn, and water began leaking through it, this glue would start to dissolve. A small amount of damage would do no harm. But enough would weaken the glue to the point where the uppermost nanograss lawn flaked off, and the next one down took over.

Testing this idea out using an (5)       (essential)) glue (a special water-soluble polymer), he found that it worked. When he scratched the top of such a stack with a scalpel and exposed it to water, it did, indeed, come loose and fall off as the water seeped into the underlying glue. Such an arrangement will not, of course, last for ever. Eventually, it will run out of layers. But if the idea can be applied to industrial practice, then long-lived, self-cleaning surfaces may at last become (5)       (routine).

  1. A) imagined
    B) analyzed
    C) generalized
    D) theorised
    E) No Correction Required
    View Answer
      Option D
    Explanation:
    theorise = create a theoretical framework
  2. A) flake out
    B) flake away
    C) flake down
    D) flake up
    E) No Correction Required
    View Answer
      Option E
    Explanation:
    flake off = to break of from surface into pieces
    flake out = to lose interest
    flake away = to break away from the whole gradually or from natural causes.
    flake down = to go to bed and go to sleep.
  3. A) recent
    B) pristine
    C) vacant
    D) dewey
    E) No Correction Required
    View Answer
      Option B
    Explanation:
    pristine = in its original condition
  4. A) break
    B) accomplish
    C) conceive
    D) create
    E) No Correction Required
    View Answer
      Option D
    Explanation:
    stack = a pile of objects, typically one that is neatly arranged.
  5. A) steal
    B) usurp
    C) appropriate
    D) expropriate
    E) No Correction Required
    View Answer
      Option C
    Explanation:
    appropriate = suitable in the circumstance
  6. A) normal
    B) standard
    C) method
    D) habit
    E) No Correction Required
    View Answer
      Option E
    Explanation:
    routine = sequence of actions for performing a task

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22 Thoughts to “English: Cloze Test for upcoming exams – Set 77”

  1. Jeetesh Chandra

    7/10..ty

  2. Shubham Gupta

    6/12 tough passage.

    1. Tapan

      bhai ap english/ hindi medium sa ho?

      1. Shubham Gupta

        hindi se

  3. Lee64

    11/12
    Thnks AZ

    1. Navya

      kaise bhai hmko bhi btao..

  4. ↩⬆↪EKLAVYA ↩⬆↪

    8/12

  5. Navya

    AZ ka CT dene k bad bas rone ka hi man krta h….

    1. deepali

      TUMNE ST LI H AZ KI?

      1. Navya

        nhi li hai yar. trisha kr k aspirant h usne li h.. bol rhi thi 15 rrb, ibps po nd clerk each mil rhi h pre and mains b update hogi.
        100 rs mai not bad deal na.. ap loge btao..

        1. deepali

          Hah vo h to …koi experienced miljata to puch lete kya lvl h … wese pm h mere ps ..but 100 m koi bura b nhi hah :p aj last date h na?

          1. Navya

            Mmm aj last h kya. Ohh le lu kya fir.. Le li u ne?

          2. deepali

            PTANI YR,,,M PYMNT KI BUT HUE N SMJH H N AEA KUCH,,,SHUBHRA MAM H HAH N MOD YAHA KI?

          3. Navya

            Hn shubhra mam h mod, pr aj koi hai hi nhi mod mai.. Ab nhi ho r kya payment :/

          4. deepali

            Ptani … card details to leli … but otp n ae ..

        2. think tank

          Haan mene li kl analysis bahut achcha h

          1. Navya

            Rank ati h.? Total kitne test mil rhe?

          2. think tank

            Rank to nhi or cutt off aati h total 10 test h moderate level h exam ka.mene kl firs Ty attempt kiya.baki to sb theek h mujhe sbse achch analysis lga

  6. Sachin shukla( Banker 2018)

    7)

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