English: Error Spotting for NABARD, IBPS RRB exams – Set 145(New pattern)

In each of the following questions there are sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) of sentence(s) that is/are correct in terms of grammar and usage (including spelling, punctuation and logical consistency). Then, choose the most appropriate option.

  1. a. Egypt’s election last week was democratic only in name. President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi,
    b. a former general who had ousted the Muslim Brothrhood from power in 2013,
    c. was never expected to struggle to secure a second term.
    d. Though the official result is yet to be announced, a landslide victory had been a certainty all along.

    Only a & c
    All except b
    Both c & d
    Both a & d
    No Correction Required
    Option A

    b. Brotherhood
    d. has been. The sentence is in present “result is “

     

  2. a. It has taken a voice of humanity to call up the manufactured nature of the political blame game
    b. around the communal clashes over Ram Navami processions in West Bengal and Bihar.
    c. In Asansol, the imam of a mosque who lost his teenage son to the clashes
    d. this week announced that should anyone carry out a retaliatory attack, he would leave town.

    Both a & b
    All except a
    Both c & d
    Both a & d
    No Correction Required
    Option B
    a. call up = call out
    to shout something, especially when you are trying to get someone’s attention

     

  3. a. The Union Cabinet this week approved six out of the dozen of changes to the contentious National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill
    b. that were suggested by a Parliamentary Standing Committee before this month.
    c. These changes address some of the loudest criticisms of the Bill.
    d. Among them, the final year MBBS exam is now merged with an exit exam for doctors.

    Both a & b
    All except b
    Both c & d
    Both a & d
    No Correction Required
    Option C
    a. the dozens of changes
    b. before = earlier

     

  4. a. The Central Board of Secondary Education faces a serious erosion of credibility
    b. with the leak of its annual examination question papers on Economics for Class 12 and Mathematics for Class 10.
    c. Thousands of students are naturally frustrated that their best shot at these papers has come to nought;
    d. they must now make another strenuous effort in a re-examination.

    Both a & b
    All except b
    Both c & d
    Both a & d
    No Correction Required
    Option E

     

  5. a. In the heart-rending tragedy of Yeduguri Sandinti Rajasekhara Reddy’s death
    b. in a helicopter crash, Andhra Pradesh has lost its most charismatic leader
    c. and the Congress its most politically talented and resourceful Chief Minister.
    d. A medical graduate, YSR, as he was widely known, was inducted into politics by his father, Y.S. Raja Reddy.

    Both a & b
    All except b
    Both c & d
    Both a & d
    No Correction Required
    Option E

     

  6. a. When two adjacent computers began to exchange data on September 2,
    b. 1969 in a UCLA lab, no one saw it as a giant step towards humankind.
    c. The Internet started as a university project and was nurtured by visionary professionals
    d. and enthusiastic amateurs as an open access network for exchanging information and knowledge.

    Both a & b
    All except b
    Both c & d
    Both a & d
    No Correction Required
    Option B
    b. towards = for

     

  7. a. South Korea has become the recent aspirant to the space club. On August 25,
    b. the country made the first attempt to use its own rocket for putting a satellite into orbit.
    c. The Korea Space Launch Vehicle-1 (KSLV-1), also known as Naro-1,
    d. came close to achieving that objective.

    All except a
    All except b
    Both c & d
    Both a & d
    No Correction Required
    Option A
    recent = latest
    recent = having happened, begun, or been done not long ago; belonging to a past period comparatively close to the present.
    latest = doing something or taking place after the expected, proper, or usual time.

     

  8. a. The sense of optimism in the wake of the release of the GDP data for the first quarter
    b. of the current financial year (April-June 2009) is rooted in the belief that the worst might be over.
    c. The rate of growth at 6.1 per cent may not be significantly higher than
    d. the 5.8 per cent recorded in the two last quarters.

    Both a & b
    All except b
    Both c & d
    Both a & d
    No Correction Required
    Option A
    c. may = might
    d. last = previous
    The word previous refers to sequence.

     

  9. a. Among the key proposals of the new Direct Tax Code, now open for public debate,
    b. the one to replace the EEE (Exempt-Exempt-Exempt) method of taxing certain long-term savings,
    c. especially the employees provident fund (EPF) and the public provident fund (PPF),
    d. with the EET (Exempt- Exempt-Tax) method has invited a great deal of comment.

    Both a & b
    All except b
    Both c & d
    Both a & d
    No Correction Required
    Option E

     

  10. a. Medical ghostwriting, according to a researcher, “occurs when someone makes substantial contributions
    b. for a manuscript without attribution or disclosure.
    c. It is considered bad publication practice in the medical sciences, and some argue it is a scientific misconduct.”
    d. An extreme case is what the U.S.-based Wyeth Pharmaceuticals did, according to a cache of 1500 documents .

    Both a & b
    All except b
    Both c & d
    Both a & d
    No Correction Required
    Option D
    b. for = to
    c. a scientific misconduct. = scientific misconduct.

     


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