Directions: In each of the following questions there are sentences. There is error in one of the parts. Mark the option which contains error parts as your answer. If no part contains error mark option E as your answer.
- (A) No author in contemporary times more wilfully damaged his reputation with cantankerous observations /(B) as V.S did. Naipaul. /(C) He had extreme and contrarian opinions on the big issues of the day, /(D) from colonialism to Islam and the travesties of nationalism in Asia and Africa.
as V.S did = as did V.S
- (A) Stabilisation policies in the advanced capitalist countries are the intellectual offspring of Keynes’ General Theory. /(B) They were put in place after World War II. /(C) From the end of the War to the first oil price shock in the mid-1970s, we were having the golden age of capitalism. /(D) It was difficult not to agree with Harold Macmillan when he said of the period: “we never had it so good“. Monetary and fiscal policies were used to ensure full employment; and incomes policies (wage restraints) ensured inflation remained within bounds.
we were having the golden age = we had the golden age
- (A) There has been mounting criticism that the RBI is not doing enough to promote growth by lowering interest rates. /(B) In addition, India’s trade deficit has reached levels not seen for some time, /(C) and the rupee is in a free fall – its depreciation this year against the /(D) US dollar had exceeded those of other Asian currencies (before the Turkish crisis).
- (A) The experience of having pulled himself up from a narrow world meant that he judged harshly; even himself. /(B) Readers of his letters to his father from Oxford Between Father and Son (2000) are exposed to a self-indulgent, self-pitying and entitled son. /(C) He’s prodigal in every way, writing, and not often, /(D) to a father who waited to live vicariously, through every letter, a life that he could never have had.
- (A) The bloody events are emblematic of how the state and us citizens, /(B) by and large, think about environmental governance and its rationale. /(C) Because environmental governance promises a better tomorrow, we do not press it to be attentive to today. /(D) However, in reality, environmental harm is known with an undeniable immediation today.
immediation = immediacy
- (A) Inter-generational thinking and future orientation dominate the discourse of sustainability /(B) and inform environmental governance arrangements, policies and tools. /(C) The dominance of enumeration and quantification, of dose-response functions, discount rates and cost-benefit analysis at the expense of living narratives of injustice today and /(D) deliberative processes, in Environmental Impact Assessments for example, is illustrative of this.
- (A) It’s worth remembering that this act of rendering the register of Trinidadian lives as universal /(B) marks an ambition that few postcolonial writers possess even today. /(C) Indian and African writers in English write correct, unambitious prose where the register of local English is always rendered as comical. This embarrassment is evident even in Salman Rushdie’s “chutnified” English which bear no relation to forms of English spoken anywhere in India, /(D) but is a form of caricature that marks the yawning distance between the writer and the landscape that he occupies.
bear = bears
- (A) A corollary to the capitulation by mainstream macroeconomics for Milton Friedman’s /(B) thinking was that if the market produces full employment, then in the making of policy, /(C) politicians must not be allowed to interfere with the market mechanism. Policy rules must be transparent, /(D) so that the private sector can factor these into their decision making process. These matters should be left to technocrats (who presumably stand outside the murkiness that is society).
for = to
- (A) The rupee that fell on Thursday to an all-time low of 69.09 against /(B) the dollar in intraday trade is expected to remain under pressure. /(C) Although the Reserve Bank has been, and is expected to continue to defend the currency, using its stockpile of foreign currency reserves, /(D) by selling dollars in the open market, forecasters estimate that the 70-level mark will be breached before the year-end.
- (A) Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul’s early life was lived in the detritus of the colonial history of /(B) indenture and the vast forced movement of people from the South Asian subcontinent to the Africa and the Caribbean. /(C) Between 1833 (the abolition of slavery) and 1922, /(D) 3.5 million Indians were transported under a system of debt bondage to work on sugar plantations in European colonies.
the Africa = Africa