Directions(1-10): In each of the following questions there are sentences. There is error in one of the parts. Mark the option which contains error parts as your answer. If no part contains error mark option E as your answer.
- (A) Although his administrative acumen was often contrasted with the welfarism of his political rival, M.G. Ramachandran, /(B) Karunanidhi was not beyond the drawer of populism. /(C) Extending the Public Distribution System and increasing food subsidies were coupled with efforts at generating employment and encouraging industrial investment. /(D) Towards the latter part of his political career, he emulated his political opponents, MGR and Jayalalithaa, in handing out freebies indiscriminately to every household, rich or poor.
drawer = draw
- (A) In retaliation, India proposed tariffs of about $235 million on 29 American goods, but has put /(B) implementing these five times in the past year in the hope that a negotiated trade settlement will come through. /(C) The latest deadline expires on March 1. India has also attempted to address the trade deficit with purchase of American oil, energy and aircraft. /(D) There have been dozens of rounds of talks between officials over the past few months, but no breakthrough. U.S. officials say the decision on data localisation for all companies operating in India, and the more recent tightening norms for FDI in e-commerce have aggravated the situation.
put = put off
- (A) The detention of five people under the National Security Act in Madhya Pradesh last week, /(B) all of them alleged to have committed offences related to cattle laws, amounts to gross misuse of a law /(C) meant solely to prevent activities that endanger the country’s security or public order. India has unfortunately become habituated to the abuse of preventive detention laws. /(D) In recent times, they have been wrongly invoked against political dissenters and vocal critics, with total disregard for constitutional freedoms. The latest instances point to a new form of misuse. This is possibly the first time that a law that provides for a maximum of one year in prison through an executive order without trial or bail is being used against those suspected of offences against cows.
- (A) The resignations of the National Statistical Commission’s acting Chairperson P.C. Mohanan and member /(B) J.V. Meenakshi appear linked to the Centre’s refusal to release new data on employment that were due to made public in December 2018. /(C) They could also be related to unease about the recently unveiled back-series data on the economy, /(D) which recorded slower growth during the UPA-led government’s rule, and were released by the NITI Aayog bypassing convention and the commission’s views. Reports suggest that the findings of the new Periodic Labour Force Survey, for July 2017-December 2018, are not too flattering, with unemployment registering a five-decade high.
due to “BE”
- (A) The Donald Trump administration’s decision to withdraw from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) /(B) treaty with Russia is a retrograde step. Signed in 1987 by Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev, /(C) it barred both countries from deploying land-launched cruise missiles in the 500- to 5,500-km range. However, Russia appears to have been covertly violating it in letter and spirit. /(D) The U.S. in 2008 expressed concern over the Russian Novator 9M729 missile tests and in 2014 alleged that Moscow was testing a ground-based cruise missile. Yet, the U.S. response cannot be regarded as pure retaliatory.
pure = purely
- (A) The bloody unrest in Zimbabwe suggests that President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s political honeymoon is over. /(B) The veteran of the struggle for freedom was the beneficiary of the overthrow of strongman Robert Mugabe in November 2017. /(C) Mr. Mnangagwa raised hopes in the run-up to the July general election, promising free and fair polls and inspections by international observers. But his victory proved controversial as allegations of vote-rigging by the ruling ZANU-PF /(D) machinery in the rural areas began to bear echoes of the Mugabe era. In six months since his election, the ex-security chief’s pledge to distance himself from his military legacy and open the economy for foreign investment has been put to severe test.
- (A) While these sops will benefit sections of the population, the question is whether it is correct for /(B) a government that will be in power for less than two months in the next financial year to write into the statute books proposals that are permanent. /(C) Though some past government have announced sops in their interim budgets with an eye on elections, this budget has gone much further by announcing /(D) very significant measures. In political terms, the strategy cannot be faulted as it appears to have put the Opposition in a difficult spot — protesting too much about the concessions given to those in distress may be counter-productive. That said, some of these ideas may actually work in economic terms as they put money in people’s hands.
government = governments
- (A) The inquiry report holds her guilty of violation of the bank’s “code of conduct, its framework for /(B) dealing with confliction of interest and fiduciary duties, and in terms of applicable Indian laws, rules and regulations.” /(C) The bank’s board has accepted the report and decided to treat her voluntary resignation from the bank in October as “termination for cause”, also deciding to claw back all bonuses paid to her since April 2009, /(D) hold back unpaid amounts and divest her of her stock option entitlements. These are strong penalties, but the question is: how did the board give her a clean chit as recently as March last year? It had then reposed its full confidence and faith in Ms. Kochhar and commended her and the management team for their “hard work and dedication”.
confliction = conflict
- (A) The reservations that Conservative Eurosceptics have over the backstop was a crucial factor why Ms. /(B) May delayed a House of Commons vote for her withdrawal agreement. /(C) Her subsequent attempts to secure assurances from Brussels to set a time limit on the backstop, or for Britain to quit the mechanism unilaterally, yielded no tangible outcome. /(D) A strong Eurosceptic opposition on the issue was also the reason for Ms. May’s overwhelming defeat in the House of Commons a fortnight ago.
for = on
- (A) Kohli has comfortably asserted his dominance in the abbreviated formats of the game, /(B) both One-Day Internationals and Twenty20s. Yet when it came to Tests, despite his 53-plus average, /(C) there had always been a debate over the critical distance he needed to traverse from being a very good batsman to being counted among the greats of the modern era. His dismal showing during India’s previous tour of England, /(D) in 2014, with just 134 runs from 10 innings, could not be ignored. Kohli is conscious of the need to prove himself in away tours. Once he had spoken of his dream to score a Test ton against Dale Steyn and company in South Africa, and went on to promptly do so in 2013. England presents an especially important challenge to him. For one, it is a personal point to prove against James Anderson, who had in 2014 dismissed Kohli on four occasions.