Directions(1-10): In each of the following questions there are sentences. There is error in one of the parts. Mark the option which contains error parts as your answer. If no part contains error mark option E as your answer.
- (A) The government needs to think of a long-term plan to boost exports, preferably through steps that remove policy barriers /(B) that are impeding the growth of export-oriented sectors, in order to find a sustainable solution for the problem of the weakening rupee. /(C) The depreciating rupee is also a symptom of persistently higher domestic inflation in India over many decades. For example, in line with vastly different inflation rates in India and the U.S., /(D) the rupee has lost about 60% of its value in the last 10 years against the dollar. So this problem cannot be addressed without drastic changes in the style of monetary policy conducted by the RBI, which is an unlikely proposition. Until then, the best that can be hoped for is a steady drop in the value of the rupee without any drastic shocks to the economy.
for = to the problem
- (A) The Centre must ensure that this does not become a fresh avenue to oppress members of some communities who are expected to perform such work, /(B) reflecting social inequalities. /(C) India’s sanitation problem is complex, and the absence of adequate toilets is only one lacuna. The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan should make expansion of the sewer network a top priority and come up with a scheme for scientific maintenance that will end manual cleaning of septic tanks. /(D) The law should be enforced vigorously to eliminate manual scavenging in its entirety.
- (A) The larger geopolitical context of the discord over the military exercises must not be ignored. /(B) In his current term as Nepal’s Prime Minister, since February, Mr. Oli has said he will not be guided by India on several matters. /(C) Despite New Delhi signalling its discomfiture with the volume of Chinese investment in hydropower and infrastructure and transport projects, Nepal went ahead recently and finalised a ambitious connectivity proposal that will eventually link Kathmandu to Shigatse by rail; /(D) this will give Nepali goods access to Chinese sea-ports at Tianjin, Shenzhen, Lianyungang and Zhanjiang, and land ports in Lanzhou, Lhasa and Shigatse. Much of Mr. Oli’s rancour draws from the past.
- (A) Managing sewage require steady funding of treatment plants for all urban agglomerations that discharge their waste into rivers, /(B) and also reliable power supply. The deficit between sewerage available and the volume generated along the polluted stretches was estimated by the CPCB last year at 13,196 million litres a day. /(C) Rapid urbanisation is widening the gap, since infrastructure planning is not keeping pace with growth in housing. /(D) Moreover, with low priority accorded to enforcement of laws by the SPCBs and Pollution Control Committees — something that is unlikely to change quickly — the immediate plan should be to expand the supply of treatment plants. Sustained civil society pressure on governments is vital to ensure that this is done in a time-bound manner.
require = requires
- (A) In a paper published in the journal Icarus, they point out that the only work in history that used this rule to classify planets was an article by William Herschel in 1802. /(B) They also argued that this work was based on reasoning and observations that have since been disproved. /(C) However, the last argument does not build up a strong enough case to give up what is, in fact, a sensible rule. Physics has many examples where an idea was once discarded for being incorrect, and much later emerged in a different form and gained acceptance — the concept of photons, for instance. /(D) And then again, if Pluto were to be re-designated a planet, many more complications would arise.
argued = argue
- (A) Forced mergers such as the current one make little business sense for the stronger banks as the weaker banks tend to be a drag on their operations. /(B) They are also unlikely to solve the bad loan crisis which has gripped the banking system as a whole. It is important to ensure that such mergers do not end up creating an entity that is weaker than the original pre-merger strong bank. /(C) That said, the fact is that mergers are one way of managing the problem and therefore cannot be discounted totally. /(D) However, the trick lies in ensuring that the merger fallout is managed prudently; identifying synergies and exploiting scale efficiencies will be crucial here. There is no denying the fact that there are too many public sector banks in India; given this, consolidation is a good idea in principle.
which = that
- (A) There are two questions that this escalation raises. First, what is the likely trajectory of this conflict? /(B) Economists concur that in the near term the trade war will cause a shrinkage in bilateral trade volumes. /(C) Businesses in the U.S., China and nations with close trade and investment links to the two countries, such as those in Europe, will find themselves in considerable economic trouble. /(D) Over the longer term, a reversal of the globalisation of supply chains may take place — perhaps that is the very aim of the Trump administration. However, the U.S. could have gone about this by applying its resources through bodies such as the World Trade Organisation to penalise China for overproduction, dumping overseas and excessive restrictions on market access.
- (A) The first makes the offence cognisable only if the woman, or one related to her by blood or marriage, /(B) against whom triple talaq has been pronounced, files a police complaint. /(C) Second, the offence has been made compoundable, that is, the parties can settle the matter between themselves. And third, it provides that a magistrate may grant bail to the husband after hearing the wife. /(D) These amendments will not only restrict the scope for misuse by preventing third parties from setting the criminal law in motion against a man pronouncing instant triple talaq against his wife; they will also leave open the possibility of the marriage continuing with allowing bail and settlement.
- (A) The U.S. has responded optimistically to the summit, expressing readiness to immediately engage North Korea in talks. /(B) But it remains to be seen whether the positive atmosphere at the summit will yield tangible achievements on critical issues such as denuclearisation. /(C) Since the ice-breaking Panmunjom summit between Mr. Kim and Mr. Moon on April 27, inter-Korea relations have improved remarkably, while the U.S.’s engagement with the North has strengthened hope for peace. /(D) But while the two Koreas maintained the momentum through continued bilateral engagement, Washington and Pyongyang have failed to make much headway since the June summit between Mr. Kim and President Donald Trump in Singapore.
atmosphere = atmospherics
- (A) The court has reaffirmed the principle that compensation is a remedy for the violation of human rights. /(B) But the so-called espionage case remains a study in the crude and archaic methods used by the police. /(C) For a country where it is not uncommon for those arrested for heinous offences to be exonerated after long years in prison, it is possible to argue that the compensation principle may open the floodgates for innumerable claims. /(D) The only way to avoid such a situation is to have a proper oversight mechanism to ensure that all investigation into crimes and complaints remains lawful. While granting ₹50 lakh to Mr. Narayanan, the court has taken note of his wrongful imprisonment, malicious prosecution and humiliation.