Directions(1-5): In the given question, a sentence is divided into five parts out of which the last part is correct. Out of the remaining four, there are errors in three parts. Choose the part which doesn’t have an error. If all the four parts are correct, mark (E) i.e. ‘All are correct’ as the answer.
- The trade collapse were not (A) surprised as the situation around (B) the world have not only (C) dented demand, but also (D) severely disrupted global supply chains.
ABCDAll are correctOption D
In part A ‘were’ should be replaced with ‘was’ as ‘collapse’ is a singular word. In part B ‘surprising’ should replace ‘surprised’. As adjectives the difference between ‘surprised’ and ‘surprising’ is that surprised is caused to feel surprise, amazement or wonder, or showing an emotion due to an unexpected event while surprising is that is or are a surprise. In part C ‘have’ must be replaced with ‘has’, as ‘situation’ is a singular word, to make the sentence grammatically correct .
- A fewer highlighted aspect (A) in global warming is that (B) it may link desperate disasters (C) — floods, pandemics and pestilence (D)— amplifying the potency of each.
ABCDAll are correctOption D
The error in part A is the use of the word ‘fewer’ which should be replaced by ‘less’. Note that, according to usage rules, fewer is only to be used when discussing countable things, while less is used for singular mass nouns. For example, you can have fewer ingredients, dollars, people, or puppies, but less salt, money, honesty, or love. ‘Aspect’ is not a countable thing, so must be preceded by less. In part B, the preposition ‘in’ must be replaced by preposition ‘of’. In part C the error is the erroneous use of the word ‘desperate’. It means ‘feeling or showing a hopeless sense that a situation is so bad as to be impossible to deal with’, which makes no sense here. It should be replaced by ‘disparate’ to make the sentence grammatically correct. ‘Disparate’ means ‘essentially different in kind; not able to be compared’.
- Failure of maintain distancing, (A) more so in a poorly-ventilation, (B) closed environment, gives (C) the virus a free running, as (D) Chennai’s wholesale vegetable market showed starkly.
ABCDAll are correctOption C
In part A, the error is of preposition. ‘Of’ must be replaced by ‘to’ to make the part correct. In part B in place of noun ‘ventilation’ an adjective ‘ventilated’ is required. In part D present participle ‘running’ must be replaced with simple present ‘run’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.
- France was left isolated (A) and in loggerheads with other (B) EU member countries in (C) its refusal to fall off line (D) with demands to cut state borrowing.
ABCDAll are correctOption A
In part B, preposition ‘in’ should be replaced with preposition ‘at’. In part C, preposition ‘over’ should be replaced with preposition ‘in’. In part D, preposition ‘off’ should be replaced with preposition ‘in/into’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.
- There are much hypotheses (A) for the less dismal outcome in India (B) based over the impact of climate, (C) benefits of immunity, and other possible factors, (D) but they remain untested.
In part A the error is in the usage of the word ‘much’ which should be replaced by ‘many’. Note that, we use much if the noun is uncountable (e.g., water, sand) and many if the noun is countable (e.g., oranges, children). Here, ‘hypotheses’ is a countable noun. In part C preposition ‘over’ should be replaced by ‘on’. In part D noun ‘immunisation’ must replace ‘immunity’ to make the sentence grammatically correct. ‘Immunisation’ means ‘the action of making a person or animal immune to infection, typically by inoculation’; whereas ‘immunity’ means ‘the ability of an organism to resist a particular infection or toxin by the action of specic antibodies or sensitized white blood cells’.
- The prime minister made him available to (1)/ the media to pay tributes (2)/ to people who opposed the autocratic (3)/ law imposed by the erstwhile government (4).
1234No errorOption A
The error is in the first part of the sentence. The personal pronoun ‘him’ is incorrectly used. It needs a reflexive pronoun as a reflexive pronoun is used when someone does something to itself. Here, the prime minister is making himself available, which means the subject is doing something to himself. Thus, option A is the correct answer.
- Ritesh skipped the (1)/ class and went home, (2)/ as he was not (3)/ interesting in the lecture. (4)
1234No errorOption D
The use of ‘interesting’ is incorrect. We use ‘-ing’ (present participle) adjectives to describe an effect and ‘-ed’ (past participle) adjectives to describe how a person feels. So, the correct choice is D.
- The two best things about (1)/ the school was the (2)/ absence of any noise (3)/ and clean surroundings. (4)
1234No errorOption B
The use of ‘was’ is incorrect. The subject and verb of a sentence must agree with one another in number whether they are singular or plural. The determiner ‘two’ and plural subject ‘things’ require plural auxiliary verb ‘were’. So, the correct choice is B.
- I. Rajesh bargained for days and sold the property on a good price.
II. Rajesh bargained for days and sold the property at a good price.
III. Rajesh bargained for days and sold the property to a good price.Only IOnly IIOnly IIIBoth I and IIAll of theseOption B
Only option II is grammatically correct.
Here, the correct preposition after property is ‘at’. In the given context it’s being used metaphorically to specify some particular point on a “range” of prices.
The other alternatives use incorrect prepositions which render the sentences grammatically incorrect.
- I. The gurudwara land supports around two lakh people but they pay only Rs 1000 per acre.
II. The gurudwara land supports around two lakhs people but they pay only Rs 1000 per acre.
III. The gurudwara land supports around two lakh of people but they pay only Rs 1000 per acre.Only IOnly IIOnly IIIBoth I and IIAll of theseOption A
In statement II, nouns expressing number are used in singular form with numeral adjectives. So, ‘lakhs’ is a wrong usage.
In statement III, the use of preposition ‘of’ is wrong here.
Directions(6-8): Read the following sentence to find out if there is any error in it. The sentence is divided into four parts. The option containing the part of the sentence containing an error, is the answer. If the given sentence is correct as it is, mark E, i.e., ‘No error’ as the answer. Ignore the errors of punctuation if any.
Directions(9-10): Given below are three statements, of which some may be incorrect. Identify the correct statement(s).