English: Odd Words for upcoming Exam Set 23

Which of the words/phrases (A), (B), and (C) given below should replace the words/phrases given in bold in the following sentences to make it meaningful and grammatically correct? If the sentence is correct as it is and ‘No correction is required’, mark (E) as the answer.

  1. While the court’s intervention is welcome, it is noteworthy that it has also asked SEBI to trammel rules on market manipulation. The one disconcerting fact, though, is the inordinately long time it has taken for this answer. Given that these manipulative trades occurred in 2007, it is doubtful if these belated and mild penalties will serve as any serious incentive to other manipulators.
    contract, embark, impediment
    tighten, denouement, deterrent
    stiffen, comfort, hindrance
    secure, originate, hitch
    No correction is required
    Option B
    tighten=fixed, fastened, or closed firmly; hard to move, undo, or open. denouement=the outcome of a situation, when something is decided or made clear. deterrent=a thing that discourages or is intended to discourage someone from doing something.


  2. There are over two lakh vacancies in the Railways, of which a lakh, according to the Kakodkar panel, impervious to safety alone. Notably, according to the DP Tripathi committee report on loco pilots, about 16,000 posts remain unfilled. Automation will require a rejigging of workers from one job description to another, without any nibble on outcomes. Indian Railways has built its obscurity on the morale of its workforce.
    relate, bond, renown
    apply, agreement, eminence
    pertain, impact, reputation
    belong, nibble, esteem
    No correction is required
    Option C
    pertain=be appropriate, related, or applicable to. impact=the action of one object coming forcibly into contact with another. reputation= a widespread belief that someone or something has a particular characteristic.


  3. The experience of the southern States tells us that insurance works best when public health infrastructure is well developed. RSBY seems to have been less weak where most of the hospitals empanelled are private ones, as in Bihar. Health insurance can supplement, and not substitute, efforts to improve public health infrastructure — the present level of 1.2 per cent of government spending on GDP luxuries to be doubled.
    efficacious, account, options
    operative, enlist, luxuries
    potent, enroll, comprises
    effective, empanelled, needs
    No correction is required
    Option D
    effective=successful in producing a desired or intended result. empanelled=enlist or enrol (a jury). needs=of necessity.


  4. The reporting requirement that the broader BEPS package revokes on multinationals, under which companies must declare their revenues, profits and taxes paid in each country they jeff in, will translate into higher accounting costs for companies, and, worse, open them up to intrusive ‘fishing expedition’ flash from tax authorities.
    imposes, operate, scrutiny
    foists, withdraw, exploration
    enforces, disenchant, reconnaissance
    deceives, ignore, search
    No correction is required
    Option A
    imposes=force (an unwelcome decision or ruling) on someone. operate=(of a person) control the functioning of (a machine, process, or system). scrutiny=critical observation or examination.


  5. Early signs of an investment revival, improving credit offtake and rising capital goods output seem to have barren the MPC which has at least for now privileged growth over inflation. This is sensible policy as a premature reversal of the rate cycle will only serve to harm the maturity recovery process. The policy stance might also serve to calm the bond markets and pull back yields, which had locomote in anticipation of onset of the rate-tightening process.
    enthused, incipient, moved up
    delighted, conclusive, bleak
    fervent, ripe, braked
    agitated, total, stayed
    No correction is required
    Option A
    enthused=express eager enjoyment, interest, or approval regarding something. incipient=beginning to happen or develop. moved up= to change your position to make space for someone or something


  6. Given the seriousness of the issue, it would have been useful if SEBI has contracted on its reasons for cherry-picking refusals. But overall, Indian investors may be more keen to see laggard enforcement actions on governance that bring the many perpetrators of recent scams to book.
    digested, solutions, tardy
    elaborated, proposals, prompt
    bared, ideas, dilatory
    outlined, approaches, laggard
    No correction is required
    Option B
    elaborated=develop or present (a theory, policy, or system) in further detail. proposals=a plan or suggestion, especially a formal or written one, put forward for consideration by others. prompt=(of an event or fact) cause or bring about (an action or feeling).


  7. We need better educators to abandon with today’s knowledge and pedagogical realities. The eros to crack exams stems from deeper social biases that valorise white collar jobs over others. Education has failed to create value for skilled physical work.
    manage, proclivity, colour
    handle, engrossment, flare
    contend, obsession, ribbon
    cope, fetish, collar
    No correction is required
    Option D
    cope=(of a person) deal effectively with something difficult. fetish=a form of sexual desire in which gratification is linked to an abnormal degree to a particular object, item of clothing, part of the body, etc.


  8. Karnataka has taken weak steps to wean Cauvery basin farmers away from paddy and sugarcane towards millets. Tamil Nadu has taken to the SRI method of cultivating paddy, which surge sharply on water use. Civil society initiatives can further urban and rural initiatives. Water is too important to be midst to courts and governments alone.
    lackadaisical, reduce, midst
    passive, abbreviate, intervened
    proactive, cuts down, left
    anergic, curtail, ambidextrous
    No correction is required
    Option C
    proactive=(of a person or action) creating or controlling a situation rather than just responding to it after it has happened. cuts down=reduced in scope or length.


  9. He recounted multiple repetitions in the past where banks had pocketed gaunt profits from falling rates, while lobbying the regulator for accounting leeway when staring at losses. But that the RBI has had to give in to the banking lobby yet again, after talking tough, hints at the extrinsic conflicts it faces between its regulatory role, and that as the manager of Government debt.
    events, rugged, acquired
    occasions, weighty, superficial
    occurrences, ponderous, incidental
    instances, hefty, inherent
    No correction is required
    Option D
    instances= an example or single occurrence of something. hefty= large and heavy. inherent= existing in something as a permanent, essential, or characteristic attribute.


  10. The bond market, however, moves independently of the MPC. With banks too ascend into this pool, their loan rates have quest of the MPC’s ambit. The MPC needs to take stock of these issues. With the NPA-hit banking sector unable to advancecredit, about two-fifth of non-food credit has emanated from non-banking sources.
    submerging, afflict, jerk
    immersing, begin, haul
    dunking, unpack, drag
    dipping, broken out, push
    No correction is required
    Option D
    dipping= put or let something down quickly or briefly in or into (liquid). broken out= (of war, fighting, or similarly undesirable things) start suddenly. push= exert force on (someone or something) in order to move them away from oneself.


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