English: Odd Words for upcoming Exam Set 16

Which of the words/phrases (A), (B), (C) and (D) given below should replace the words/phrases given in bold in the following sentences to make it meaningful and grammatically correct? If the sentence is correct as it is and ‘No correction is required’, mark (E) as the answer.

  1. With every decision our governments make having a command and measurable concussion on our businesses and our lives as consumers, the belief that we can simply avoid politics, that the bad news or irresponsible leadership will simply pass, is illogical.

    conduct, shock, vulnerable
    convoluted, strike, sustainable
    direct, impact, untenable
    devious, influence, credible
    No Correction Required
    Option C
    direct: control the operations of; manage or govern.
    Impact: the action of one object coming forcibly into contact with another.
    Untenable: (especially of a position or view) not able to be maintained or defended against attack or objection.
  2. Nobody wants to discuss politics. When I give a talk or my writing strikes on politics, I am frequently asked to evade the topic altogether and focus only on the business orientation.

    dashes, intervene, ambit
    touches, avoid, angle
    brushes, scrutinize, core
    handles, follow up, position
    No Correction Required
    Option B
    touches: handle in order to interfere with, alter, or otherwise affect.
    Avoid: keep away from or stop oneself from doing (something).
  3. Business shapes politics directly, with industries packing money into campaigns in an attempt to advances their own interests, and indirectly, with advances that push the boundaries of control.

    pelting, practices, stamps
    drizzling, beliefs, controls
    jetting, banalities, enactments
    pouring, innovations, regulations
    No Correction Required
    Option D
    pouring: flow rapidly in a steady stream.
    Innovations: a new method, idea, product, etc.
    Regulations: a rule or directive made and maintained by an authority.
  4. Scorsese mingles through file footage, talking heads and photos—those lovely, endlessly watchable black and white photographs duped with charm—in non-linear and relaxed fashion, germination details we always thought we knew but never knew quite enough.

    shuffles, dripping, fleshing out
    drags, erupting, build up
    quibbles, cascading, extension
    muddles, soaking, beefing up
    No Correction Required
    Option A
    shuffles: shift one’s position
    Dripping: display a copious amount or degree of a particular quality or thing.
    fleshing out: to provide more information about (something)
  5. The large bulk is bunched at the bottom with only primary education or less and a disproportionately large share is knotted at the top with tertiary education. This extraordinary bimodal education structure is also imitated in the employment structure of the workforce.

    grouped, curious, reflected
    aggregated, customary, mirrored
    bunched, peculiar, reflected
    dilapidated, familiar, mirrored
    No Correction Required
    Option C
    bunched: collect or fasten into a compact group.
    peculiar: different to what is normal or expected; strange.
    reflected: embody or represent (something) in a faithful or appropriate way.
  6. The Right to Education Act stipulates that private schools cannot be standard or continue to function without obtaining a “certificate of recognition” from the state government, i.e. until they meet promising norms such as the maximum pupil-teacher-ratio and ceilings.

    established, stipulated, infrastructure
    regular, settled, crown
    tippy, limited, substrate
    curious, specified, basis
    No Correction Required
    Option A
    established: having existed or done something for a long time and therefore recognized and generally accepted.
    stipulated: demand or specify (a requirement), typically as part of an agreement.
    infrastructure: the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities (e.g. buildings, roads, power supplies) needed for the operation of a society or enterprise.
  7. I have greater anxieties about the economy’s capacity to maintain its global competitiveness and approve high growth over the long term. Many distortions remain in the regulatory and institutional environment that are affable for growth.

    worries, validate, desirous
    concerns, sustain, inimical
    worries, carry, genial
    concerns, corroborate, inimical
    No Correction Required
    Option B
    concerns: relate to; be about.
    Sustain: strengthen or support physically or mentally.
    Inimical: tending to obstruct or harm.
  8. India has consummated universal enrolment at the elementary level. Learning requires a lot more than participation. In order for students to stay in school, the school needs to create a physical difference in the students’ abilities.

    reached, service, tangible
    earned, gathering, corporeal
    achieved, attendance, palpable
    attained, audience, equivocal
    No Correction Required
    Option C
    achieved: successfully bring about or reach (a desired objective or result) by effort, skill, or courage.
    Attendance: the action or state of going regularly to or being present at a place or event.
    Palpable: (of a feeling or atmosphere) so intense as to seem almost tangible.
  9. The GST is quite another story. Its poor design and the dextrous roll-out without adequate administrative and technical preparation, especially for the online goods and services tax network (GSTN) platform, caused a great deal of commotion and imposed an enormous assent burden on the tax payer.

    suitable, discipline, flexibility
    accomplished, orientation, dissent
    inept, confusion, complaince
    proficient, assurance, defiance
    No Correction Required
    Option C
    inept: having or showing no skill; clumsy.
    Confusion:: uncertainty about what is happening, intended, or required.
    Compliance: the action or fact of complying with a wish or command.
  10. The rot in India’s primary education was confined to affect the quality of our workforce. There is a direct connection of poor learning outcomes in primary schools on the students’ future, and these concerns have been established by Pratham’s latest Annual Survey of Education Report (Aser) 2017.

    confined, gravitas, factual
    obliged, bearing, confirmed
    restrained, varying, surreal
    bound, bearing, verified
    No Correction Required
    Option D
    bound: walk or run with leaping strides.
    Bearing: a person’s way of standing or moving.
    Verified: make sure or demonstrate that (something) is true, accurate, or justified.


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