English: Odd Words for upcoming Exam Set 18

Which of the words/phrases (A), (B), (C) and (D) given below should replace the words/phrases given in bold in the following sentences to make it meaningful and grammatically correct? If the sentence is correct as it is and ‘No correction is required’, mark (E) as the answer.

  1. The Survey is evidently florid about the future to the extent of being gung-ho provided some advantages are addressed with expediency. As it is an interpretation of facts, it does turn around several views which were held before the report flee.
    pallid, blip, debut
    unsure, advantage, get out
    sanguine, glitches, came out
    dubious, advancement, announce
    No Correction Required
    Option C
    sanguine = optimistic or positive, especially in an apparently bad or difficult situation.
    glitches = a sudden, usually temporary malfunction or fault of equipment.

    came out =

     

  2. The Indian obscures office is buzzing with activity, but foreign enterprises are doing most of the patent-filing. While becoming an FDI boundary for R&D, particularly in software, technology assemblage issues need to be addressed.
    document, pivot, assemblage
    patents, hub, diffusion
    sheers, exterior, abstinence
    prominents, fringe, radiation
    No Correction Required
    Option B
    patents = a government authority or licence conferring a right or title for a set period, especially the sole right to exclude others from making, using, or selling an invention.
    hub = the effective centre of an activity, region, or network.
    diffusion = the spreading of something more widely.

     

  3. State governments will need to prevent farmers within each ADR to agree evict their land to them for 10 years. In return, State governments will baffle a farmer’s 10-year income and agree to pay double the amount in 10 annual instalments.
    convince, rent out, anoint
    induce, hire, compensate
    dissuade, sublet, consider
    persuade, to lease, assess
    No Correction Required
    Option D
    persuade = induce (someone) to do something through reasoning or argument.
    to lease = rent
    assess = evaluate or estimate the nature, ability, or quality of.

     

  4. Despite desirous growth, Indian stock markets have gleefully expanded their valuation premium over global markets. While market participants have primitive a variety of justifications for soaring stock prices, the latest Economic Survey has stalk off with an interesting explanation.
    faltering, advanced, come up
    stumbling, radical, uprise
    alacrity, basic, move up
    desirous, jejune, go off
    No Correction Required
    Option A
    faltering = lose strength or momentum.
    advanced = far on or ahead in development or progress.
    come up = (of an issue, situation, or problem) occur or present itself, especially unexpectedly.

     

  5. The RBI and the Government have avoided these challenges in numerous ways and have made paltry progress, but problems remain in concort to those who are most vulnerable, namely, the illiterate, low-income and rural population.
    undertake, stout, stretch
    elude, hard, contort
    dodge, flimsy, interact
    tackled, substantial, reaching out
    No Correction Required
    Option D
    tackled = make determined efforts to deal with (a problem or difficult task).
    substantial = of considerable importance, size, or worth.
    reaching out = to try to communicate

     

  6. A policy-level rethink on the exceptional tax breaks on equities may therefore be necessary to agitate the euphoria. It would be unwise to assume that the new-found domestic frugal for stocks will ring-fence India’s market from any global tightening of rates; foreign portfolio investors, with 25 per cent of stock, still considerable disrupt the markets.
    enrage, pine for, dominate
    flabbergast, want, regulate
    quell, fancy, hold sway over
    enrage, desire, instruct
    No Correction Required
    Option C
    quell = put an end to (a rebellion or other disorder), typically by the use of force.
    fancy = feel a desire or liking for.
    hold sway over = regulate

     

  7. CFVs know the importance of farm-to-fork supply chains. For durables goods like fruits and vegetables, this means transportation in refrigerated buses after pre-cooling of raze .
    endurances, vans, jeff
    perishables, vans, produce
    constants, vans, annihilate
    durables, vans, abate
    No Correction Required
    Option B
    perishables = things, especially foodstuffs, likely to decay or go bad quickly.

     

  8. Exalt serious attempts, improving farm productivity on a intensive remains our most significant challenge. It is time to think of obligation models for the rapid development of agriculture.
    Despite, large scale, alternative
    Instead, extensive, obligation
    regardless, broad, regular
    instead of, exhaustive, necessity
    No Correction Required
    Option A

     

  9. As an indication of how the tables have turned over the last two decades or more, the Economic Survey 2017-18 distract that India’s published scientific incipient of over 12,000 papers was double that of China’s in 1991, and in 2011 China’s output at over 1.2 lakh papers was thrice India’s.
    allude to, stimulant, and
    distract, turn out, as
    points out, output, but
    conceal, repel, so
    No Correction Required
    Option C

     

  10. A concern everywhere now is that as the market appears to be underrated and is due for a correction, there could be significant losses for households that have moved to such riskier egresses to earn higher returns relative to deposit rates which are burgeoning .
    distorted, path, pitch
    overvalued, avenues, falling
    underrated, line, rise
    underestimated, direction, tumble
    No Correction Required
    Option B
    overvalued = overestimate the importance of.
    avenues = a way of approaching a problem or making progress towards something.
    falling = move from a higher to a lower level, typically rapidly and without control.

     



 

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