Important Phrasal Verbs for exams – IBPS PO/Clerk, SBI, IBPS RRB, NIACL, NICL, RBI Grade B, BOI, OBC SO, BoB and other competitive exams.
Each phrasal verb is followed by its meaning/s and related usage.
- Account for
Meaning: (i) provide or serve as a satisfactory explanation for, explain
Examples: He was brought before the Board to account for his behaviour. Can you account for the missing files?
Meaning: (ii) succeed in killing, destroying, or defeating., eliminating
Example: They accounted for 14 of the 18 enemy aircraft, destroyed at a cost of eight British lives.
Meaning: (iii) constitute, make up, comprise
Example: Social security accounts for about a third of total public spending.
- Act as
Meaning: to serve or perform a job or role, temporarily or permanently
Example: He’ll act as manager from now on. Until Kayla returns from her maternity leave, Sharon will act as lead analyst.
- Act on
Meaning: (i) to take action
Example: I will act on this immediately.
Meaning: (ii) to perform on something, usually the stage (in a theater).
Example: Ken has never acted on the stage or in front of a camera.
- Act up
Meaning: (i) (of a thing) fail to function properly
Example: the plane’s engine was acting up
Meaning: (ii) behave badly.
Example: All children talk back and act up from time to time
Meaning: (iii) Of a medical condition, to become problematic or troublesome, usually after a period of remission.
Example: Jake played football with his friends today, and now his old knee injury is acting up.
(iv) be promoted to a more senior position on a temporary basis.
- Add to
Meaning: to increase the amount or intensity of something.
Example: The increase in fuel prices will add to the cost of living in the city.
- Add up
Meaning: (i) to calculate the sum or total of multiple items.
Example: Can you add up these numbers?
Meaning: (ii) to equal the expected or presumed amount.
Example: These numbers just aren’t adding up—I think I made a mistake somewhere.
Meaning: (iii) to be logical or believable.
Example: I listened to Jill’s explanation, but I’m still skeptical—something just doesn’t add up.
Meaning: (iv) to become a significant amount. Usually used in reference to increasing expenses.
Example: It will take a while for you to become a master, but all this practice really does add up.
Meaning: (v) to judge someone or something
Example: As I waited for my interview to start, I studied the other candidates and added up my competition.
- Add up to
Meaning: to equal or amount to something.
Example: The cash in the drawer doesn’t add up to the amount of sales we made today.
- Aim at
Meaning: (i) to point or guide an object, such as a weapon, at a target.
Example: Make sure you aim at the target before you pull the trigger.
Meaning: (ii) to target a particular issue or goal.
Example: The new program is aimed at helping struggling students get the tutoring they need to succeed in class.
Meaning: (iii) to direct something at a specific person or group.
Example: I could tell that his rude remarks were aimed at me even though he did not mention my name.
- Allow for
Meaning: to plan for or consider something in advance.
Examples: I didn’t allow for traffic this morning, and now, I’m going to be late. I’m afraid we won’t have enough food—I didn’t allow for so many guests.
- Amount to
Meaning: (i) to become (successful). Almost always used in the phrases “amount to anything” or “amount to something,” which both mean the same thing.
Example: When will this play amount to something? It has yet to get one positive review!
Meaning: (ii) to be a certain total.
Example: My tips this week only amount to $40.
13 Thoughts to “English: Phrasal Verbs Set 1”
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