Important Phrasal Verbs for IBPS exams – IBPS PO/Clerk, SBI, IBPS RRB, NIACL, NICL, RBI Grade B, UIICl, OICL, BoB and other competitive exams.
Each phrasal verb is followed by its meaning/s and related usage.
- Back Down
Meaning: (i) withdraw a claim or assertion in the face of opposition.
Example: Party leaders backed down
Meaning: (ii) to go down something backwards, such as a ladder or inclined driveway.
Example: Harry backed down the ladder safely.
Meaning: (iii) to yield something in an argument.
Example: She backed down on her demands.
Meaning: (iv) to decide not to do something because others say you should not do it
Example: Most of the speakers opposed the budget cuts, but the mayor said she would not back down.
- Back Out
Meaning: (i) withdraw from a commitment
Example: If he backs out of the deal they’ll sue him
Meaning: (ii) to move out of something backwards.
Example: The rabbit tried to back out of its burrow.
Meaning: (iii) to withdraw from something, such as an agreement, negotiations, an argument, etc.
Example: Are you going to try to back out of our agreement?
- Back Up
Meaning: (i) to move backwards.
Example: Back up, you’re standing too close to me! Will you back your car up a little?
Meaning: (ii) to save copies of computer files in another place, in case the original files become inaccessible.
Example: If you didn’t back up your files before the computer crashed, they may be lost forever.
Meaning: (iii) to become clogged and impassable.
Example: Traffic is totally backed up, due to all that construction.
Meaning: (iv) to return to an item previously mentioned.
Example: Whoa, back up—Janet and Jim are getting married?
Meaning: (v) to support or assist someone. A person’s name or a pronoun is used between “back” and “up” in this usage.
Example: Please back me up on this, so the boss doesn’t think I’m an idiot.
Meaning: (vi) an alternate to be used if it becomes necessary for some reason, typically the failure, ineffectiveness, or the absence of the original.
Example: I brought three backup pens, in case this one runs out of ink during the exam.
Meaning: (vii) appearing in the background in support of a main act or performer.
Example: She’s auditioning backup dancers for her world tour today.
- Bail Out
Meaning: (i) to pay for someone’s release from jail.
Example: Bailing my son out from jail was the low point of the year.
Meaning: (ii) to remove water from an unwanted place, typically by using a bucket.
Example: After all that rain, my dad and I have been bailing out our basement all day. We’ll sink if we don’t bail out the boat now!
Meaning: (iii) to leave or abandon something.
Example: We had been working on this project for months, and then John just bailed out on us.
Meaning: (iv) To jump from an airplane with a parachute.
Example: I bailed out at the last second, just before the plane crashed.
- Bank On
Meaning: rely on confidently.
Example: I’ve really been banking on a holiday bonus this year.
- Bear Down
Meaning: (i) to advance in a threatening manner.
Example: The ship bore down on our canoe.
Meaning: (ii) to apply maximum effort and concentration:
Example: If you really bear down, you will finish the task.
- Bear Out
Meaning: to prove to be right or justified; confirm
Example: The test results bear out our claims.
- Bear Up
Meaning: to withstand stress, difficulty, or attrition
Example: The patient bore up well during the long illness.
- Beat Down
Meaning: to force or persuade (a seller) to accept a lower price
Example: I beat him down 500 rupees.
- Beat Up
Meaning: to strike or kick (a person), usually repeatedly, so as to inflict severe physical damage
Example: The child was sent to see the principal after threatening to beat up a smaller boy on the playground.