English: Phrase Replacement/ Sentence Improvement Set 105

Directions(1-10): Which of the following phrases (i), (ii), and (iii) given below each sentence should replace the phrase given in brackets to make the sentence grammatically correct? Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark (E) i.e., “No correction required” as the answer.

  1. Private investors eager to sign US projects (anxious of getting out of their comfort zone) in developing countries with little history of political or economic continuity.
    i. are hesitant to venture into uncertain areas
    ii. hesitate to enter risky scenarios
    iii. are reluctant to step into caution zones
    Only i
    Only i and ii
    Only i and iii
    Only ii and iii
    No correction required
    Option B
    The sentence talks about how private investors who are eager to sign US projects are reluctant to do the same in developing countries. Both (i) and (ii) suffice as per the context of the sentence. Thus, (B) is the right answer.
    The highlighted phrase is incorrect as we need a helping verb such as ‘are’ before the adjective ‘anxious’, similarly option (i) that contains the adjective- “hesitant” with an auxiliary verb “are”. Sentence (ii) doesn’t require “are” because the word”hesitate” is used as a verb. Option (iii) is incorrect as ‘caution’ is a noun and cannot modify another noun such as ‘zones’.

     

  2. Without an immediate commitment to disruptive energy development through substantial international investment, as well as measures for unlocking private foreign capital, (any resolutions will be hollowed out).
    i. any resolutions will be without significance or value.
    ii. any resolutions will not materialized
    iii. any resolutions will be no more than an empty promise
    Only i and iii
    Only ii and iii
    Only iii
    All i, ii and iii
    No correction required
    Option A
    The sentence talks about how any resolutions will not be successful without an immediate commitment to disruptive energy development. Both (i) and (iii) can replace the highlighted phrase to render the requisite contextual meaning. Thus, (A) is the right answer.
    The highlighted phrase is incorrect as ‘hollowed out’ should be replaced with ‘hollow’. In figurative terms, ‘hollow’ would mean something that will not come true, and ‘hollowed out’ can only be used in a literal sense to mean something that is made hollow. Option (ii) is incorrect as ‘materialized’ is in the simple past tense form, while we need a verb in its base form to follow the modal verb ‘will’.

     

  3. The rationale behind their demand is that more developed countries are (more suits to provide an answer) and, historically, are more responsible for creating the problem.
    i. more equipped to deal with the situation at hand
    ii. more suitably attuned to the problem
    iii. better able to meet the challenge
    Only i and ii
    Only ii and iii
    Only i and iii
    All i, ii and iii
    No correction required
    Option D

     

  4. Television networks, presidents, and celebrity soccer players, from countries as far-flung as China, Mali, and Qatar, (have taken interest in the world’s first) , and best, ‘football freestyler’.
    i. have thrown the flashlight on the world’s first
    ii. have took notice of the world’s first
    iii. have caught site of the world’s first
    Only i and ii
    Only ii and iii
    Only i and iii
    All i, ii and iii
    No correction required
    Option E

     

  5. To salvage cognac, distillers must adjust to global (demands while keeping untouch the unique) tradition behind their product.
    i. demands, while maintain the unique
    ii. demands, while remaining true to the unique
    iii. demands, at the same time keeping intact the unique
    Only i and ii
    Only ii and iii
    Only i and iii
    All i, ii and iii
    No correction require
    Option B
    The sentence talks about how distillers need to strike a balance between adjusting to global demands and maintaining the unique tradition of their product. Both (ii) and (iii) are contextually appropriate. Thus, (B) is the right answer.
    The highlighted phrase is incorrect as ‘untouch’ is grammatically incorrect; we need an adjective here, and ‘untouched’ would have been more suitable. Option (i) is incorrect as the present participle ‘maintaining’ is needed here to carry forward the sentence in a grammatically coherent manner.

     

  6. After spending four months in the US, (the visa was revoked).
    i. Deepa’s visa was revoked.
    ii. Her visa was revoked.
    iii. Deepa got to know about revoked visa.
    Both i and ii
    Both ii and iii
    Both iii and i
    Only i
    No correction required
    Option A
    The modifier of the sentence is ‘after four months in the US.’ The modifier describes a person, not the VISA. But the person is not mentioned in the given sentence; hence, the modifier is dangling. Option III seems incomplete and ambiguous too. ‘Her’ or ‘a’ is missing after ‘about.’ Option I and option II are correct.
    Therefore, option A is the apt answer.

     

  7. The wild ride on global markets last week, (following a month of perilously falls), hasn’t been witnessed since 1931 when the world was in the grip of the Great Depression.
    following a months of perilous falls
    follows a month of perilous fall
    following a month of perilous falls
    following the month of perilously falls
    No correction required
    Option C

     

  8. Tourism is another area of cooperation and (much Buddhists from China comes to India while are visiting) the birthplace of Shakyamuni Buddha.
    Many Buddhists from China come to India while are visiting
    Many Buddhists from China coming to India while they visits
    Many Buddhists from China come to India while having visit
    Many Buddhists from China come to India to visit
    No correction required
    Option D

     

  9. The co-production agreement has already resulted in several film ventures being signed, and this (hopefully opens up the market) for more Indian films and television programs.
    hopefully open up the market
    hopefully opened up the market
    would hopefully open up the market
    is hopefully opening up the market
    No correction required
    Option C

     

  10. To prepare, he subjected himself to two weeks of total abstinence and intensive training in the open fields of Panipat, climbing the hills nearly thirty times, (spend nights in the open and to test to see) how long he can hold out without food.
    Spend nights in the open and to tested for seeing
    Spending nights in the open and tested to see
    Spending nights in the open and to test for seeing
    Spending nights in the open and testing to see
    No correction required
    Option D

     

 

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