Directions(1-10): Which of the following phrases (i), (ii), and (iii) given below each sentence should replace the phrase given in brackets to make the sentence grammatically correct? Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark (E) i.e., “No correction required” as the answer.
- Private investors eager to sign US projects (anxious of getting out of their comfort zone) in developing countries with little history of political or economic continuity.
i. are hesitant to venture into uncertain areas
ii. hesitate to enter risky scenarios
iii. are reluctant to step into caution zonesOnly iOnly i and iiOnly i and iiiOnly ii and iiiNo correction requiredOption B
The sentence talks about how private investors who are eager to sign US projects are reluctant to do the same in developing countries. Both (i) and (ii) suffice as per the context of the sentence. Thus, (B) is the right answer.
The highlighted phrase is incorrect as we need a helping verb such as ‘are’ before the adjective ‘anxious’, similarly option (i) that contains the adjective- “hesitant” with an auxiliary verb “are”. Sentence (ii) doesn’t require “are” because the word”hesitate” is used as a verb. Option (iii) is incorrect as ‘caution’ is a noun and cannot modify another noun such as ‘zones’.
- Without an immediate commitment to disruptive energy development through substantial international investment, as well as measures for unlocking private foreign capital, (any resolutions will be hollowed out).
i. any resolutions will be without significance or value.
ii. any resolutions will not materialized
iii. any resolutions will be no more than an empty promiseOnly i and iiiOnly ii and iiiOnly iiiAll i, ii and iiiNo correction requiredOption A
The sentence talks about how any resolutions will not be successful without an immediate commitment to disruptive energy development. Both (i) and (iii) can replace the highlighted phrase to render the requisite contextual meaning. Thus, (A) is the right answer.
The highlighted phrase is incorrect as ‘hollowed out’ should be replaced with ‘hollow’. In figurative terms, ‘hollow’ would mean something that will not come true, and ‘hollowed out’ can only be used in a literal sense to mean something that is made hollow. Option (ii) is incorrect as ‘materialized’ is in the simple past tense form, while we need a verb in its base form to follow the modal verb ‘will’.
- The rationale behind their demand is that more developed countries are (more suits to provide an answer) and, historically, are more responsible for creating the problem.
i. more equipped to deal with the situation at hand
ii. more suitably attuned to the problem
iii. better able to meet the challengeOnly i and iiOnly ii and iiiOnly i and iiiAll i, ii and iiiNo correction requiredOption D
- Television networks, presidents, and celebrity soccer players, from countries as far-flung as China, Mali, and Qatar, (have taken interest in the world’s first) , and best, ‘football freestyler’.
i. have thrown the flashlight on the world’s first
ii. have took notice of the world’s first
iii. have caught site of the world’s firstOnly i and iiOnly ii and iiiOnly i and iiiAll i, ii and iiiNo correction requiredOption E
- To salvage cognac, distillers must adjust to global (demands while keeping untouch the unique) tradition behind their product.
i. demands, while maintain the unique
ii. demands, while remaining true to the unique
iii. demands, at the same time keeping intact the uniqueOnly i and iiOnly ii and iiiOnly i and iiiAll i, ii and iiiNo correction requireOption B
The sentence talks about how distillers need to strike a balance between adjusting to global demands and maintaining the unique tradition of their product. Both (ii) and (iii) are contextually appropriate. Thus, (B) is the right answer.
The highlighted phrase is incorrect as ‘untouch’ is grammatically incorrect; we need an adjective here, and ‘untouched’ would have been more suitable. Option (i) is incorrect as the present participle ‘maintaining’ is needed here to carry forward the sentence in a grammatically coherent manner.
- After spending four months in the US, (the visa was revoked).
i. Deepa’s visa was revoked.
ii. Her visa was revoked.
iii. Deepa got to know about revoked visa.Both i and iiBoth ii and iiiBoth iii and iOnly iNo correction requiredOption A
The modifier of the sentence is ‘after four months in the US.’ The modifier describes a person, not the VISA. But the person is not mentioned in the given sentence; hence, the modifier is dangling. Option III seems incomplete and ambiguous too. ‘Her’ or ‘a’ is missing after ‘about.’ Option I and option II are correct.
Therefore, option A is the apt answer.
- The wild ride on global markets last week, (following a month of perilously falls), hasn’t been witnessed since 1931 when the world was in the grip of the Great Depression.
following a months of perilous fallsfollows a month of perilous fallfollowing a month of perilous fallsfollowing the month of perilously fallsNo correction requiredOption C
- Tourism is another area of cooperation and (much Buddhists from China comes to India while are visiting) the birthplace of Shakyamuni Buddha.
Many Buddhists from China come to India while are visitingMany Buddhists from China coming to India while they visitsMany Buddhists from China come to India while having visitMany Buddhists from China come to India to visitNo correction requiredOption D
- The co-production agreement has already resulted in several film ventures being signed, and this (hopefully opens up the market) for more Indian films and television programs.
hopefully open up the markethopefully opened up the marketwould hopefully open up the marketis hopefully opening up the marketNo correction requiredOption C
- To prepare, he subjected himself to two weeks of total abstinence and intensive training in the open fields of Panipat, climbing the hills nearly thirty times, (spend nights in the open and to test to see) how long he can hold out without food.
Spend nights in the open and to tested for seeingSpending nights in the open and tested to seeSpending nights in the open and to test for seeingSpending nights in the open and testing to seeNo correction requiredOption D