English: Phrase Replacement/ Sentence Improvement Set 79

Directions(1-5): In the given question, a part of the sentence is given in brackets. Below the sentence alternatives to the bracketed part are given at (A), (B), (C) and (D) which may help improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. In case the given sentence is correct, your answer is (E), i.e., “No correction required”.

  1. If you want to discover the society’s attitude towards authority or (to gauge the power of it’s official belief system), I suggest that you could do worse than looking at its relationship with detective fiction.
    to gauge the power of it official belief system
    to gauge the power of it’s officially belief system
    to gauge the power at its official belief system
    to gauge the power of its official belief system
    No correction required
    Option D
    The correct usage is “its”. “It’s” is a contraction, standing for “it is”. Its is the possessive form of pronoun used to indicate ownership. Since the relation of the power is to be developed with the belief system, the preposition ‘of’ should be used with “its”.

     

  2. The advantage of using a Lithium-ion battery is that it is not based on the chemical reactions which (wears down electrodes).
    mark down electrodes
    hold down electrodes
    break down electrodes
    settles down electrodes
    No correction required
    Option C
    The correct phrasal verb to be used in the context of the sentence is ‘break down’ which means ‘undergo chemical decomposition’.

     

  3. In the nineteenth century, intellectual elite assumed that cultural modification was leading to the( rack of religion as a distinctive in human presence).
    aggravate of religion as a determinant in human presence
    withering away of religion as a significant element
    total loss of religion as a distinct
    allay of religion as a distinct in human existence
    No correction required
    Option B
    Rack means cause extreme pain, anguish, or distress to.
    Aggravate means make (a problem, injury, or offence) worse or more serious.
    Wither means fall into decay or decline.
    Allay means diminish or put at rest (fear, suspicion, or worry).
    Perish means suffer complete ruin or destruction.

     

  4. The world is composed of differences, not individuals, even though representational (thought could make it appear otherwise).
    thought could make it appear otherwise
    thoughts could make it appeared otherwise
    thought could made that appear otherwise
    thought can make it appear otherwise
    No correction required
    Option D
    The usage of the verb ‘could’ is incorrect here. The above segment is in the present tense, which makes “can” the correct word.

     

  5. Mahatma Gandhi lived a life of such (absolutely austere and honesty) that anyone who watched could only learn and be inspired.
    absolutely austere and honest
    absolute austere and honest
    absolutely austerity and honesty
    absolute austerity and honesty
    No correction required
    Option D
    The construction used in case of ‘such’ is ‘such + noun phrase’ or ‘such + a/an + adjective + singular noun’. This means we require the words joined by the conjunction in noun form and the word modifying them to be an adjective. So, we need to use ‘austerity’ and ‘honesty’ which are nouns and ‘absolute’ which is an adjective.

     

  6. Directions(6-10): Out of the five given statements, identify the one which is grammatically correct.

  7. Attach yourself to those who advise you rather than praise you.
    Attach yourself to those who advice you rather than praise you.
    Attach yourself to those who advice you rather than appraise you.
    Attach yourself to those who advise you rather than appraise you.
    Attach yourself to those who will advice you rather than praises you.
    Option A
    Advise is a verb which means to give advice or to notify somebody.
    Advice is a noun which means suggestion for a beneficial cause.
    Praise is a noun which means favourable representation in words.
    Appraise is a verb which means to examine someone or something in order to judge their qualities, success or needs.

     

  8. Various employees echoes the sentiments expressed by the CEO of the company.
    Various employees echoed the sentiment expressed of the CEO of the company.
    Various employees echoed the sentiments expressed by the CEO of the company.
    Various employees have echo the sentiments expressed by the CEO of the company.
    Various employees are echoing the sentiments expressed along the CEO of the company.
    Option C
    The sentence mentioned in option C is correct. The errors in the other statements are as follows:
    A. “Employees” is a plural noun and will need a plural verb to agree with.
    B. The preposition “of” is incorrect and must be replaced by “by” to indicate that the CEO expressed the sentiments.
    D. The auxiliary verb “have” should be followed by the past participle form of the verb to make the present perfect tense.
    E. The preposition “along” is incorrect.

     

  9. Foreign investors are turned net buyers of Indian equities for the first time this month on Tuesday, as per provisional figures.
    Foreign investors will turned net buyers of Indian equities for the first time this month on Tuesday, as per provisional figures.
    Foreign investors tune net buyers, of Indian equities for the first time this month, on Tuesday as per provisional figures.
    As per provisional figures, foreign investors turned net buyers of Indian equities for the first time this month on Tuesday.
    None of the above
    Option D
    The confused tense presented in phrases like ‘are turned’ and ‘will turned’ invalidate option A and B as potential answers. In sentence C, ‘tune’ is out of place, contextually. Hence D is the only correct answer.

     

  10. Following the demonetisation drive the central bank faced flak from several quarters by poor handling of the issue.
    Following the demonetisation drive, the central bank faced flak from several quarters over poor handling of the issue.
    Following the demonetisation drive, the central bank, faced flak from several quarters in poor handling of the issue.
    Following the demonetisation drive, the central bank has to face flak from several quarters through poor handling of the issue.
    Following the demonetisation drive, the central bank has to face flak from several quarters under poor handling of the issue.
    Option B
    Only statement B uses the correct preposition. ‘Face flak over something’ is the correct expression which conveys the idea that poor handling of the issue was the reason due to which the central bank faced flak from several quarters. Note: to face flak over something is to be criticised.

     

  11. The jury will look through the matter and give its verdict.
    The jury will look for the matter and give its verdict.
    The jury will look into the matter and give its verdict.
    The jury will look into the matter and will give it’s verdict.
    The jury will look into the matter but give its verdict.
    Option C
    ‘Look into’ is the correct phrase and means to try to find out information; investigate. In the given context, the jury would investigate the matter.
    Statements A and B are wrong due to the incorrect use of prepositions.
    Statement D is wrong as ‘it’s’ stands for ‘it is’ and should not be confused with ‘its’, which is used in a possessive case.
    Statement E is incorrect since ‘but’ expresses contrast while the sentence needs a context of similarity.

     

 

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