Directions(1-3): In the following question, multiple sentences have been given. Each sentence has been divided into a few parts which may or may not carry an error. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number corresponding to that part and the sentence in which it is, will be your answer. If the given sentences carry no error, mark ‘All are correct’ as your answer. Ignore the errors of punctuation if any.
- A. The remarkable Ceylonese railway (1)/ network was built largely as a (2)/ response to the insatiable (3)/ demands of tea-planting from the 1880s. (4)
B. The natural decomposition process which (1)/ occurs in landfills also produces large (2)/ quantities of methane and thereby (3)/ presents a significantly explosion hazard. (4)
C. After this, the measure (1)/ of comprehensive zone price (2)/ of land requisition is improved to (3)/ exemplified the land development rights. (4)A-1, B-4, & C-4B-3B-4 & C-4A-3 & B-2All are correctOption C
In sentence B, the error is because of the incorrect adverb ‘significantly’. We need an adjective here to modify the noun ‘explosion hazard’. Hence, ‘significantly’ must be replaced with ‘significant’ to form a grammatically correct sentence.
In sentence C, the error is because of the incorrect use of the verb ‘exemplified’. An infinitive is required after ‘to’. Hence, ‘exemplified’ should be replaced with ‘exemplify’ to form a grammatically correct sentence.
- A. His letters confirm a highly inquisitive (1)/ mind regarding natural and (2)/ scientific phenomena and suggests a (3)/phlegmatic temperament and a dry humour. (4)
B. Federal organizations have (1)/ been monitoring the Internet (2)/ for deceptive advertisements, consumer (3)/ fraud, and other unlawful activities. (4)
C. Blake thought the (1)/ burning incense could have (2)/ been a hallucinogenic drug (3)/ which was altering his perception. (4)A-3B-2 & C-2C-3A-4 & B-2All are correctOption A
In sentence A, the error is because of the incorrect use of verb ‘suggests’ as it violates the subject-verb agreement since the subject ‘letters’ is plural. Hence, ‘suggests’ should be replaced with ‘suggest’ to form a grammatically correct sentence.
- A. The sales forecast (1)/ is predicated on the (2)/ assumption that the economy (3)/ will grow by four percent this year. (4)
B. The committee monitored (1)/ referral practice during the study (2)/ but there were no reinforcement of (3)/ the guidelines to assure compliance. (4)
C. They feared to (1)/spare him lest (2)/he should not report the (3)/matter to the king. (4)A-2, B-4 & C-3B-2 & C-2A-2B-3 & C-3All are correctOption D
In sentence B, the error is because of the incorrect use of verb ‘were’ as it violates the subject-verb agreement since the subject ‘reinforcement’ is singular. Hence, ‘were’ should be replaced with ‘was’ to form a grammatically correct sentence.
In sentence C, the error is because of the incorrect use of ‘not’. ‘Lest’ carries a negative sense. Therefore, it should not be used with not.
- Severe heat waves have already killed (1)/ _________________ (2)/ but what is less recognised is that rising temperatures (3)/ are also, slowly but surely, bringing (4)/ more dangerous heat stress into our daily lives. (5)
Many thousands of people in this decadeMany people in the future through diseases associated with heatA large portion of the human population in the pastMany thousands of people over the past decadeNone of the aboveOption B
Part (1) mentions that ‘heat waves have already killed’ which signifies the death toll that is currently concerning the authorities or that which has already occurred in the past. Options A, C, and D when used in the blank (2) part makes part (1) correct both grammatically and contextually. But if we use option B which talks about the death toll in the future it will make part (1) incorrect. Hence option B is the correct answer.
- An unnamed hydrogeologist (1)/ at Kenya’s Water Resources Management Authority, (2)/ _______________ (3)/ believes the original claims about the potential of the aquifer (4)/ were too hasty, and lacked the necessary analysis. (5)
Who wanted to remain anonymousWho wanted to remain incognitoWho wanted proper citation for his contributionUnder strict demands of anonymityNone of the aboveOption C
Part 1 of the sentence mentions that the ‘hydrologist’ making the statement is unnamed. This shows that the hydrologist is anonymous or not identified by name. options A, B, and D would make part 1 correct as they all refer to this quality. But option C talks about ‘proper citation’ which means that the hydrologist is demanding recognition for his contribution. One can conclude that this would remove his anonymity. Hence if option C is used it makes part 1 incorrect in a contextual manner.
- Rather than perpetuating the vicious cycle, (1)/ by continually undercutting each other (2)/ and trampling on their employees’ rights, (3)/ ________________ (4)/ and recognised the collective value of their labour. (5)
Architects must disband thereby losing their integrity that aided themArchitects must band for their own bettermentIt’s about time architects disbandedIt’s about time architects came togetherNone of the aboveOption A
Part 1 talks about a vicious cycle which is explained in parts 2 and 3. Part 4 must have a sentence fragment which when used would put an end to the ‘vicious cycle’ if part 1 is to be made incorrect. Options B, and D when used makes part 1 contextually correct. Option C when used makes part 1 contextually incorrect but it also makes part 5 contextually and grammatically incorrect which negates its usage. But when option A is used, it makes part 1 contextually incorrect while maintaining the proper association with part 5. This makes option A the correct answer.
- Economists have a lot to say about big issues: (1)/ they study immigration to see what it does to wages, (2)/ _________________ (3)/ redistribution through social programmes (4)/ to figure out whether it encourages sloth. (5)
Taxation to determine if it discourages enterpriseThe clues to reduce world poverty levelsThe policies that made Communism successful in ChinaThe effects of demonetisation on a countryNone of the aboveOption E
Part 1 states that ‘economists’ talk about big issues. Parts 2, 4, and 5 all them point out examples of such big issues. The listed options can all be considered big issues from economic viewpoint and using them in the third part will make part 1 contextually correct. Thus, option E is the correct answer.
- In the lead-up to cricket’s premier championship, India, England and Australia were the favourites and the expectation was that one among New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa and Sri Lanka, would be the fourth contender. (1) The solitary loss against England was more of a wake-up call than a serious setback to the path to the knockout phase. (2) This Tuesday, India will take on New Zealand at Manchester’s Old Trafford with an edge. (3) However, it would be prudent to remember that in the warm-up fixture at the Oval on May 25, New Zealand won by six wickets. (4)
As the dust settles on the league phase, India, Australia, England and New Zealand qualified for the semi-finals.1234None of theseOption A
If you say that something will happen when the dust settles, you mean that a situation will be clearer. The given statement must be placed at 1. The first sentence is talking about who among New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa and Sri Lanka will make it to the semi- final. The given sentence can fit in well after the first sentence as it says after the dust has settled, the world knows who is making to the semi-final.
- As Islam is now the second-largest religion in the world – closely following Christianity- many countries and governments in Europe have attempted to respond in a more accommodating way through providing a clear framework on the training of imams and recognising the Muslim organisations that may be eligible for public financial support amongst other things. (1) In 2009 the Equality and Human Rights Commission launched a Muslim Women Power List to celebrate the estimated 100,000 Muslim women in the United Kingdom who were working at the time. (2) Despite this, there are still unemployed Muslim women who are side-lined within polarised communities. (3) As
it stands, 5.4% of the general population is unemployed in the United Kingdom whereas, for British Muslims, it is 12.8%. (4)
The intention behind this list was to raise awareness in terms of the numerous Muslim women who were responsible for ground breaking social, economic and political change, no doubt shedding light onto the significant contributions that have been and still have the potential of being made.1234None of theseOption B
The given statement which needs to be placed in the passage talks about the intention behind a list with respect to Muslim women. Thus, it should be placed after the second statement of the passage which talks about the launch of a certain list to celebrate the accomplishments of Muslim women in Britain.
- Caramani states in her book entitled Comparative Politics that “democracy does not work without the (voluntary and involuntary) political participation of citizens.” (1) However, in the last few decades, there has been a considerable decline in voter turnout in most liberal democracies. (2) Voter turnout has declined by about 10% between the 1950s and the 1990s in 19 different democracies. (3) The urbanization of society has led to the expansion of different political activity, meaning that citizen’s no longer feel obliged to vote in elections. (4)
Arguably, this is due to two main factors; the shift in political activity and the individual citizen’s perceived effect in said elections.1234None of theseOption C
The first three statements are in logical order. The first statement states the importance of citizen participation in democracy. The second statement talks about the current situation where number of voters have declined while the third statement provides the statistics to support the second statement. The given sentence should replace 3 as it mentions the cause behind voter decline.
Directions(4-7): A sentence divided into 5 parts is given, each of which is numbered. One of the parts of the sentence is missing and is marked by a blank. Choose the phrase as your answer, which when A sentence divided into 5 parts is given, each of which is numbered. One of the parts of the sentence is missing and is marked by a blank. Choose the phrase as your answer, which when filled in the blank will render the first part of the sentence incorrect.
Directions(8-10): In the following question a short passage is given, with numbers mentioned before or after some of the sentences. The passage is followed by a statement, which would replace one of these numbers and fit appropriately in the passage to make it complete and coherent (coherent means logically complete and sound). Select the option that mentions the number where the statement should fit. If the given sentence does not fit anywhere, mark “None of these” as your answer.