English Questions: Fill in the Blanks 155

Directions(1-5): A sentence with one blank is given, indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the word that best fits into the blank appropriately.

  1. The English schemed to continue their rule in India by playing off one community _________ the other.
    upon
    before
    with
    against
    by
    Option D
    The sentence means that the English planned to continue their rule in the country by striking off one community against the other.
    Thus, ‘Against’ is the most suitable filler here. It means in opposition to.
    “Upon” is a more formal term for on , especially in abstract senses.
    “Before” means during the period of time preceding (a particular event or time).
    “With” expresses accompaniment.
    “By” identifies the agent performing an action.

     

  2. Economic ___________ that have long-term positive benefits for society often have short-term negative ones.
    Changes
    Downfalling
    Debacles
    Reform
    Independent
    Option A
    We need a noun in the blank which will be modified by the adjective ‘economic’. This cancels ‘downfalling’ and ‘independent’ which are adjective. Since the verb is plural “have” the subject should be in plural, hence “reform” cannot be used. ‘Debacles’ which means ‘a great disaster’ doesn’t fit with ‘long-term positive benefits for society’. ‘Changes’ fill the blank appropriately.

     

  3. According to a recent report, there is a huge _____________ between the earning pattern of males and that of the females.
    Equivocation
    Similar
    Disparity
    Abatement
    None of these
    Option C
    There can either be a gap (difference) between the earning pattern males and females or there can be a similarity. Since the adjective “similar” is mentioned in option B, the word can be discarded as it will make a grammatically incorrect sense. Thus, disparity, which means the quality or state of being different, is the best- fit answer.
    Equivocation- the use of ambiguous language to conceal the truth
    Abatement- decline

     

  4. For this particular job, one should be _________ in English Language.
    Amateur
    Beginner
    Clumsy
    Proficient
    Both A or B
    Option D
    It is clear from the sentence structure that the sentence indicates a pre-requisite for the job.
    ‘Amateur’ means a person who engages in a pursuit, especially a sport, on an unpaid basis.
    ‘Beginner’ means a person just starting to learn a skill or take part in an activity.
    ‘Clumsy’ means awkward in movement or in handling things.
    ‘Proficient’ means competent or skilled in doing or using something.

     

  5. The present status of demographic dividend of India coupled with the economic reforms brought in by government has ____________ countries worldwide.
    piqued
    wreck
    pallid
    pallid
    either A or B
    Option A
    Options B, C and D are grammatical misfits. The ‘has’ verb takes the past participle form and the word ‘wreck’ is in present tense.
    ‘Pallid’ is adjective and ‘stench’ is a noun.
    Piqued means to have triggered curiosity or interest.
    Pallid means lacking vigour or intensity; insipid.
    Stench means a strong and very unpleasant smell.

     

  6. Directions(6-10): Two sentences with one blank in each, followed by five alternatives, are given. Choose that option as the answer which can fill both the blanks of both the sentences.

  7. A) Although purists may ______________ to split infinitives, like ‘to boldly go’, the fact is, they are commonly used.
    B) The Institute was opened with the _______________ of promoting scientific study.
    Mind
    Purpose
    Think
    Object
    Aim
    Option D
    Statement A: according to the sentence the purists may oppose to a certain idea. Now, if we carefully observe the options it is evident that “object” is the only word that fits in the blank. Statement B, according to the sentence the word “object” fits in this blank as well. Here it means “aim”.

     

  8. A) I’ll start off from some fairly basic ____________ and see how it gets on.
    B) All that ___________ about catching giant fish was just a bit of poetic licence.
    Stuff
    Work
    Lie
    Pack
    Story
    Option A
    Statement A tells that she will be given basic work at the start. Statement B talks about some false story telling. Thus, the only word that fits in the blank is “stuff”. Therefore, option A is the correct answer.

     

  9. A) They will ______________ for international action to safeguard the ozone layer.
    B) The debate in the mainstream ______________ has been a classic example of British hypocrisy.
    Media
    Report
    Press
    Urge
    Squeeze
    Option C
    Statement A states that they will give pressure at international level. Statement B tells that there is an on-going debate in the mainstream print media. Now, ‘press’ means ‘to give pressure’ in the first case and ‘print medium’ for the second case.

     

  10. A) He tried to _____________ his ripped jeans into the suitcase while his mother wasn’t looking.
    B) The troops would stay in position to ______________ the first murmur of trouble.
    Pack
    Camouflage
    Sneak
    Put
    Squash
    Option E
    Statement A states that he tried to pack his jeans sneakily. Statement B mentions that the troops were ready to crush the enemy.
    Thus, ‘squash’ which means crush or squeeze (something) with force, is the word that fits in both blanks. Therefore, option E is the correct answer. Also note the meanings of other alternatives:
    Camouflage – hide or disguise the presence of (a person, animal, or object) by means of camouflage.
    Sneak- creep up on (someone) without being detected.

     

  11. A) He’ll have to ______________ down soon if he wants to pass these exams.
    B) Her whole body began to ________________, unbalancing the ladder.
    Buckle
    Strive
    Focus
    Crumble
    Faint
    Option A
    Statement A: according to the sentence he will have to study really hard to pass the exams. “Buckle down” means tackle a task with determination. Thus, the word “buckle” fits in the blank.
    Statement B: according to the sentence her whole body began crumbling. “Buckle” means to suffer a psychological collapse as a result of stress.

     

 

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