Mixed English Questions for Mains Exam — Set 333

Directions(1-4): Choose one of the phrases given below each statement that should be placed in the blank space provided so as to make a meaningful and grammatically correct sentence.

  1. The country is experiencing high rates of development and urbanisation, so it is ______.
    Advisable that checks are put on these economic ambitions.
    Obvious that these economic ambitions are top priority of the current government.
    Imperative that these economic ambitions are balanced with a sustainable development.
    In the interest of the country to restrict these economic ambitions.
    None of the above
    Option C
    In the given sentence, high rates of development and urbanisation in the country have been referred and we need an appropriate phrase to make it meaningful. No one would advise to put checks on development and urbanisation or restrict them. Also, high rates of development and urbanisation are positive features and not adverse situation that need top priority. Thus, option B makes the sentence grammatically correct and
    meaningful as under:
    “The country is experiencing high rates of development and urbanisation, so it is imperative that these economic ambitions are balanced with a
    sustainable development.” Hence, option C is the correct answer.

     

  2. From dealing with inadequate medical infrastructure and resources, to being overworked in public hospitals, the _______.
    Problem of high mortality rate in the country is getting worse.
    Public is facing lot of problems in dealing with health- related issues.
    Workplaces of doctors have become high-pressure environments.
    Media is highlighting the problems faced by public.
    None of the Above
    Option C
    In the given sentence, ‘dealing with inadequate medical infrastructure and resource’ and ‘being overworked in public hospitals’ indicate that either doctors or other staff working at public hospitals have been talked about. Among the given options, ‘doctors’ have been mentioned only in option C. Other options are irrelevant for the given context. Thus, option C makes the sentence grammatically correct and meaningful as under:
    “From dealing with inadequate medical infrastructure and resources, to being overworked in public hospitals, the workplaces of doctors have become high-pressure environments.”
    Hence, option C is the correct answer.

     

  3. Education offers an opportunity to reflectively endorse the universal conception of the common good through _________.
    Enabling students to succeed in their professions.
    Reflectively accepting an appeal to regressive values.
    Reflectively rejecting an appeal to regressive values.
    Imparting necessary skills to make aware the masses about value of education.
    None of the above.
    Option C
    The meaning of the following words are:
    Reflectively: In a way which shows that you are thinking carefully and quietly
    Regressive: Returning to a former or less developed state; characterized by regression
    In the given sentence, education has been referred to as an opportunity to reflectively endorse the universal conception of common good. After ‘through’ in the given blank, we need an appropriate phrase that gives the way in which education acts as an opportunity in the above context. ‘Rejecting an appeal to regressive values’ leads to common good for the society. Thus, option B makes the sentence grammatically correct and meaningful as under:
    “Education offers an opportunity to reflectively endorse the universal conception of the common good through reflectively rejecting an appeal to regressive values.”
    Hence, option C is the correct answer.

     

  4. Despite the change in the rural economy, the non-farm sectors are not able to absorb job seekers because ________.
    There is lack of interest among people in doing job in non-farm sectors.
    Non-farm sectors are not so attractive in terms of wages.
    Demonetization severely affected non-farm sectors.
    They are not able to generate jobs at the required rates.
    None of the above
    Option D
    The given sentence highlights the ‘non-farm sectors’ and their inability to absorb job seekers. The most plausible reason for this ( among the given options ) is that these sectors are not able to generate jobs at the required rate.
    Job-seekers’ lack of interest cannot account for the inability to absorb job-seekers. Demonetization being the reason is too far-fetched. Option B is also unsuitable as the issue here is about the non-farm sectors being unable to absorb job-seekers and this has very little to do with unattractive wages. Thus, option D makes the sentence grammatically correct and meaningful as under:
    “Despite the change in the rural economy, the non-farm sectors are not able to absorb job seekers because they are not able to generate jobs a the required rates.”
    Hence, option D is the correct answer.

     

  5. Directions(5-7): A part of the sentence is underlined. Below it alternatives to the underlined part are given which will make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct. Choose the correct alternative.

  6. If a player was previously injured, (his chances of playing a full 16-game season are less than never been hurt).
    his chance of playing a full 16-game season is less than never been hurt.
    his chances of playing a full 16-game season is less than never been hurt.
    his chance of playing a full 16-game season is less than a player who had never been hurt.
    his chances of playing a full 16-game season are less than a player who has never been hurt.
    his chances of playing a full 16-game season are less than a player who was never been hurt.
    Option D
    The error in the sentence is that two non-comparable things are compared. The comparison is not made between chances of an event, and the event itself.
    Option D is the only option which is grammatically correct while draws a logical comparison by contrasting the chances of the two events.
    Therefore, option D is the apt answer.

     

  7. The UAE this week (say it expect a prolonged stalemate in a dispute and give no hint it would be willing to lift the blockade to allow talks) to start.
    say it expected a prolonged stalemate in the dispute and gave no hint it will be willing to lift the blockade to allow talks
    said it expected a prolonging stalemate in the dispute and gave no hint it would be willing to lift the blockade to allow talks
    said it was been expecting a prolonged stalemate in the dispute and gave no hint it would be willed to lift the blockade to allow talks
    said it expected a prolonged stalemate in the dispute and gave no hint it would be willing to lift the blockade to allow talks to start
    says it expected prolonged stalemate in the dispute and gave no hint it would be willing to lifting the blockade to allow talks
    Option D
    ‘Was been expecting’ should be replaced with ‘expected’ in the simple past tense. Also, ’Willing to lifting’ should be replaced with ‘Willing to lift’; ‘Prolonged’ should be used instead of prolonging. ‘Said’ is the correct form of verb. ‘Say’ and ‘Says’ don’t fit contextually and grammatically.

     

  8. An opposition politician, (who organised the recent round of protests, has said he would likely to stand but his name is unlikely to be allowed on the ballot paper). He spent three hours speaking with the assembled children, in a session broadcast live on Russian television.
    who organise the recent round of protest, has said he would likely to be standing but his name is unlikely to be allowed on the ballot
    which organised the recent round of protests, has said he would like to stand but his name is unlikely to be allowed on the ballot
    who organised the recent round of protests, has said he would like to stand but his name is unlikely to be allowed on the ballot paper.
    whom organise the recent round of protests, has said he would likely to stand but his name is unlikely to be allowed on the ballot
    that organised the recent round of protests, has said he would likely to be standing but his name is unlikely to be allowed on the ballot
    Option C
    ‘Likely to stand’ is incorrect. ‘Likely’ means probably, ‘Like’ means willingness. The correct usage with respect to the context is ‘like’. This eliminates 3 statements. Also, ‘Likely to be standing’ is incorrect. Relative pronoun ‘which’, ‘whom’, ‘that’ are incorrect with reference to the context as we are referring to a person here, for which ‘who’ is used. Also, ‘organized’ is the correct form of verb that is needed in the sentence.

     

  9. Directions(8-10): Four statements are given below at A, B, C and D. There may be some errors in the given statement(s). The incorrect statement is your answer.

  10. The Great Storm of 1703 caused damage across southern Britain, and encouraged novelist Daniel Defoe to write a pioneering book of journalism and science.
    Novelist Daniel Defoe wrote a pioneering book of journalism and science being encouraged by the Great Storm of 1703 has caused damage across southern Britain.
    The damage across southern Britain caused by the Great Storm of 1703, encouraged novelist Daniel Defoe to write a pioneering book of journalism and science.
    In order to write a pioneering book of journalism and science, novelist Daniel Defoe had to be encouraged by the Great Storm of 1703, which caused damage across southern Britain.
    All are incorrect.
    Option B
    The sentence here refers to the Great Storm that struck Britain in 1703. The storm led to so much damage that it encouraged a novelist like Daniel Defoe to write a book of journalism and science. The error that lays in option B is that the tense of the word ‘cause’ is wrongly used. There is a faulty use of tense sequence. This sentence refers to the past and cannot use a present perfect tense ‘has’ in it. Moreover, the sentence also needs a pronoun like ‘which’ in order to complete the meaning by relating it to the introductory clause of the sentence. Therefore, the error lies in option B.

     

  11. The Gilded Age was a period where greedy, corrupt industrialists, bankers and politicians enjoyed extraordinary wealth and opulence at the expense of the working class.
    The Gilded Age was a period where at the expense of the working class, the greedy, corrupt industrialists, bankers and politicians enjoyed extraordinary wealth and opulence.
    At the expense of the working class, the greedy, corrupt industrialists, bankers and politicians enjoys extraordinary wealth and opulence during the period of the Gilded Age.
    The greedy, corrupt industrialists, bankers and politicians enjoyed extraordinary wealth and opulence at the expense of the working class during the period of the Gilded Age.
    All are incorrect.
    Option C
    The given sentence refers to the Gilded Age when the corrupt and greedy bankers, industrialists and politicians took advantage and enjoyed unlimited wealth at the expense of the working class. The error in option C is in the use of the verb ‘enjoys’ along with the subject ‘politicians’. It should have used the plural verb. Moreover, the sentence is in the past tense which requires the verb to agree with.
    Therefore, the error lies in option C.

     

  12. The Army has titled the relief work in Kerala as ‘Operation Shayog’ and is working with the locals.
    Incheon International Airport is the home base to location on an island outside Seoul, Korean Air and the 24th busiest airport in the world.
    Haneda International Airport, the fifth-busiest airport in the world, is known for its efficiency in service, cleanliness, and shopping.
    Zurich Airport, the home base for Swiss International Airlines, offers bicycles and inline-skate rentals to passengers with an extended layover.
    All are incorrect.
    Option B
    Home bases are not provided for ‘locations on an island’. Also, when separate things with comma and ‘and’, we are mentioning similar things which is not the case of Korean air and Seoul. It is not specified what is the ’24th busiest airport in the world’. So, sentence B is structurally incorrect.
    Hence, the correct option is B.

     


 

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