English Questions: Word Replacement for Upcoming Exams – Set 01

A sentence is given below with four words marked as (A), (B), (C) and (D). Select the option that gives the correct set of words as a replacement to these words i.e. if (A) can be replaced with (B) or (C) or (D) and so on to make the sentence correct. In case the sentence is correct, select ‘No improvement required’.

  1. The Health Index 2019 released by NITI Aayog WELLBEING(A) the important point that some States and Union Territories are doing better on health and MAKES(B) even with a lower economic PERFORMANCE(C), while others are not improving upon high standards. Some are actually slipping in their OUTPUT(D).
    A-B
    C-D
    A-C and B-D
    A-B and C-D
    None of these
    Option D
    The Health Index 2019 released by NITI Aayog makes the important point that some States and Union Territories are doing better on health and well­being even with a lower economic output, while others are not improving upon high standards. Some are actually slipping in their performance. I

     

  2. In the RANKING(A) during 2017­-18, a few large States ACCORDED(B) a dismal picture, reflecting the low priority their governments have PRESENT(C) to health and human development since the Aayog produced its first ASSESSMENT(D) for 2015­-16.
    A-B and C-D
    B-C
    A-D and B-C
    A-D
    None of these
    Option C
    In the assessment during 2017-­18, a few large States present a dismal picture, reflecting the low priority their governments have accorded to health and human development since the Aayog produced its first ranking for 2015-­16.

     

  3. Populous and politically NATIONAL(A) Uttar Pradesh brings up the rear on the overall Health PROGRESS(B) with a low score of 28.61, while the IMPORTANT(C) leader, Kerala, has scored 74.01. Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra join Kerala as the other top performers, with the additional distinction of making incremental INDEX(D) from the base year.
    A-B
    A-B and C-D
    A-D and B-C
    A-C
    None of these
    Option
    Correct Answer is A-C and B-D.

    Populous and politically important Uttar Pradesh brings up the rear on the overall Health Index with a low score of 28.61, while the national leader, Kerala, has scored 74.01. Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra join Kerala as the other top performers, with the additional distinction of making incremental progress from the base year.

     

  4. The NITI Aayog Index is a COMPOSITE(A) based on 23 INDICATORS(B), covering such ASPECTS(C) as neonatal and infant mortality rates, fertility rate, low birth weight, immunisation COVERAGE(D) and progress in treating tuberculosis and HIV.
    A-B
    B-C
    C-D
    No replacement required
    None of these
    Option D

     

  5. For a SOBERING(A) State like Tamil Nadu, the order of merit in the REPORT(B) should serve as a LEADING(C) reminder to stop resting on its OARS(D).
    A-C
    A-C and B-D
    B-D
    No replacement required
    None of these
    Option A
    For a leading State like Tamil Nadu, the order of merit in the report should serve as a sobering reminder to stop resting on its oars

     

  6. OF(A) the Health Index concept to BECOME(B) States into action, public health must SPUR(C) part FOR(D) mainstream politics.
    A-B and C-D
    A-C and B-D
    B-C and A-D
    No replacement required
    None of these
    Option C
    For the Health Index concept to spur States into action, public health must become part of mainstream politics.

     

  7. While the Centre has devoted greater attention to tertiary care and reduction of out­of­pocket INITIATIVES(A) through financial risk protection EXPENSES(B) such as Ayushman Bharat, several States CREATING(C) laggards when it comes to REMAIN(D) a primary health care system with well­-equipped PHCs as the unit.
    A-C and B-D
    A-C
    A-B
    A-B and C-D
    None of these
    Option D
    While the Centre has devoted greater attention to tertiary care and reduction of out­of­pocket expenses through financial risk protection initiatives such as Ayushman Bharat, several States remain laggards when it comes to creating a primary health care system with well­equipped PHCs as the unit.

     

  8. The AFFECTS(A) of such a reliable primary care approach even after so many decades NEGLECT(B) States such as Bihar, where much work needs to be done to REDUCE(C) infant and neonatal mortality and low birth weight, and CREATE(D) specialist departments at district hospitals.
    A-B
    C-D
    A-B and C-D
    B-C and A-D
    None of these
    Option A
    The neglect of such a reliable primary care approach even after so many decades affects States such as Bihar, where much work needs to be done to reduce infant and neonatal mortality and low birth weight, and create specialist departments at district hospitals.

     

  9. PRIMARY(A) attention is needed to shore up ASSESSMENT(B) of SPECIAL(C) care in Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Assam and Jharkhand, which are at the bottom of the scale, as per the NITI Aayog STANDARDS(D).
    A-B and C-D
    A-C and B-D
    B-D
    A-D and B-C
    B-C
    Option B
    Special attention is needed to shore up standards of primary care in Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Assam and Jharkhand, which are at the bottom of the scale, as per the NITI Aayog assessment.

     

  10. What is clear is that State governments now have greater DEVOLUTION(A) at their command under the new scheme of financial RESOURCES(B), and, in partnership with the Centre, they must USE(C) the funds to TRASNFORM(D) primary health care.
    B-C
    A-C and B-D
    A-B
    A-B and C-D
    No replacement required
    Option C
    What is clear is that State governments now have greater resources at their command under the new scheme of financial devolution, and, in partnership with the Centre, they
    must use the funds to transform primary health care.

     

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