Mixed English Questions for upcoming Exam — Set 389

Directions(1-5): A sentence divided into three parts (I, II and III) is given. There may be an error in one or more parts. Determine the part(s) which requires correction and mark it as your answer.

  1. The Maldives voted on Sunday in an election in which hardline President Abdulla Yameen (I)/ is expect to cement his grip on power but the elections were (II)/ criticised for a lack of transparency and suppression of dissent. (III)
    Only I
    Only II
    Only III
    Both I and II
    Both II and III
    Option B
    Replace “expect” with “expected”. Since the given sentence is in passive form, the helping verb will be followed by the third form of the main verb as per the rule.

     

  2. We were somewhat startled by the bulk of the volume before us at its first appearance, (I)/ but, on reflection, we are convinced that the benevolent writer had reasons for entering more (II)/ into the subject, than it might appear requisite, on a cursory view of it. (III)
    Only I
    Both I and II
    Both II and III
    Both I and III
    Only II
    Option D
    Part I requires correction. The sentence is not in the passive voice. Both ‘startled at’ and ‘startled by’ are correct but ‘startled by’ is generally used in passive voice. We use ‘on’ to indicate the state of something and to have (the thing mentioned) as a basis. We use ‘at’ to indicate or express the object of a look, thought, action, or plan. The object is “the bulk of the volume.” “Its first appearance” expressing the particular state or condition.
    Part III requires correction. After ‘as’ and ‘than,’ non-referential ‘it’ is not used as a subject.

     

  3. Experts have argued that bringing naturally gas (I)/ under the GST would lead to a reduction (II)/ in the cascading impact of taxes quite a little industries. (III)
    Only I
    Only II
    Only III
    Both I and III
    All of the above
    Option D
    The error is in the first part and third part of the sentence. In the first part, the term ‘gas’ needs to be qualified by an adjective. The word “naturally” is an adverb. Thus, it needs to be replaced by natural to make the sentence coherent as well as correct.
    The error in the third part lies with the use of the adjective ‘little’. Little refers to non-countable nouns and is used with the singular form to indicate that something exists only in a small amount or to a slight degree. Few refers to countable nouns and is used with the plural form to indicate not many persons or things. Since industries are countable, we need to use ‘few’ instead of ‘little’ to make the sentence
    correct.

     

  4. Like the Victorian age got under way, (I)/ ever more ingenious technologies aided (II)/ the sturdy advance of drainage. (III)
    Only I
    Both I and II
    Only II
    Both I and III
    Both II and III
    Option D
    “Like” is used to show similarities. But the subject (Victorian age) is not being compared anything. Here, we are stating an event during the Victorian age. For such purposes, we use “as”. So, it should be “as” instead of “like” in part I.
    “Sturdy” means (of a person or their body) strongly and solidly built. This is not a suitable adjective for the noun “advance”. So, part III is also wrong.

     

  5. The horse looked at him tranquilly, neither startled (I)/ or afraid, and suffered himself to (II)/ be bridled without the least trouble. (III)
    Only I
    Both I and II
    Only II
    Both I and III
    Both II and III
    Option C
    “neither” is accompanied by “nor”, not “or”. So, it should be “nor” in part II instead of “or”.

     

  6. Directions(6-9): In the following question, two sentences I and II have been given. In each sentence some words have been highlighted, which may or may not be grammatically and contextually appropriate at its current place. Words in sentence I may be exchanged with words in sentence II and vice versa, to make both the sentences grammatically and contextually correct. If both the sentences are correct as it is, choose ‘No exchange required’ as your answer.

  7. I. The first of our impels(A) brains to evolve is what scientists call the reptilian cortex and this brain nearby(B) the elementary activities of animal survival(C) such as respiration, adequate rest and a beating heart.
    II. Unique(D) to mammals, the limbic cortex three(E) creatures to nurture their offspring by delivering feelings of tenderness and warmth to the parent when children are sustains(F)
    C-E & A-F
    A-D & C-F
    B-F & A-E
    A-E & C-F
    No exchange required
    Option C

     

  8. I. Pups with limbic damage can step(A) around and feed(B) themselves well enough but do not improved(C) the presence of their littermates.
    II. This would(D) indicates that reparative therapy has the potential to help patients with advanced(E) brain trauma to gain an register(F) quality of life.
    C-E & A-F
    A-D & C-F
    B-F & A-E
    A-E & C-F
    No exchange required
    Option B

     

  9. I. In recent local(A) we have all been exposed to dire media reports(B) concerning the impending ancient(C) of global coal and oil reserves.
    II. The years(D) landowner started excavations on the site,(E) and within twenty years the remains of four demise(F) houses were unearthed.
    C-E & A-D
    A-D & C-F
    B-F & A-E
    A-E & C-F
    No exchange required
    Option B

     

  10. I. ‘Morality is a private and costly luxury’, exposing(A) the author Henry James, in a statement that seems to victims(B) all the poor and mistreated to the unjust(C) heap.
    II. By wrote(D) the plight of torture condemn(E) and political prisoners, they have managed to put pressure on rubbish(F) regimes.
    B-E & A-D
    A-D, B-E & C-F
    B-F & C-E
    A-E, B-D & C-F
    No exchange required
    Option B

     

  11. Direction: In the sentence given below, four words have been highlighted, which may or may not be correctly placed (grammatically or contextually). Rearrange the words to make the sentence grammatically correct. One of the words may be contextually incorrect and should be replaced by the word provided in the alternatives. Choose the option which represents the correct order of words and the appropriate replacement of the inappropriate word. If none of the given options is correct, choose ‘None of the above’ as your answer.

  12. The adopt(A) of the Public Safety Act (PSA) against invocation(B) political leaders in Jammu and Kashmir has, once again, senior(C) the aversion on the part of the union government to understating(D) a democratic– conciliatory approach towards Kashmir.
    ABCD; Invocation –
    ACBD; Senior –
    BCDA; Understating –
    BDAC; Adopt –
    None of the above
    Option C
    At B we need an adjective to describe the type of political leaders. Off the highlighted words, only ‘senior’ is an adjective which implies that C is in the second position upon rearrangement.
    ‘Adopt’ means to formally approve or accept (a report or suggestion). ‘Invocation’ means the action of invoking someone or something.
    Thus, in context of the sentence, ‘invocation’ or B should be in the first position. While ‘adopt’ or A should be in fourth position. So this allows ‘understating’ or D to be in the third position. Thus, the correct order of words is BCDA. As per this, ‘understating’ should be replaced by ‘underscored’. Now, ‘understating’ means describe or represent (something) as being smaller or less good or important than it really is. ‘Underscored’ means to emphasize. Thus, ‘understating’ is incorrect contextually and also grammatically. It is in present tense, while the past tense should be used.

     

 

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