English: Sentence Completion(Based on IBPS PO Mains 2017) Set – 66

Directions(1-10): In each of the following questions a passage is given in which there is a blank. Choose the most logical and appropriate option from the five options given that can be filled in the blank.

  1. In a surprising statement this month, Union Power Minister R.K. Singh said India would overshoot its target of installing 175 gigawatts of capacity from renewable energy sources by 2022. India was on track, he said, to hit 225 GW of renewable capacity by then. This is a tall claim, considering India has missed several interim milestones since it announced its 175 GW target in 2015. ______________________. Technological and financial challenges remain: both wind and solar generation could be erratic, and India’s creaky electricity grid must be modernised to distribute such power efficiently.
    The obstacles have capped capacity addition to 69 GW till date, with India missing its 2016 and 2017 milestones
    The misses happened despite renewable capacity being augmented at a blistering pace, highlighting how ambitious the initial target was
    Despite being the fastest-growing renewable-energy segment so far — rooftop solar clocked a compound annual growth rate of 117% between 2013 and 2017
    The good news is that even if India hits the 175 GW target, it stands to meet its greenhouse-gas emission goal under the Paris climate agreement
    None of these
    Option B

     

  2. A marriage of convenience ends the moment a divorce becomes more convenient. In Jammu and Kashmir, the post-poll coalition of the two polar opposites, the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Peoples Democratic Party, was never meant to coalesce into a credible pre-poll alliance. But while the PDP would have been willing to wait till the Assembly election in 2020 before breaking ties, the BJP had its compulsions for pulling out of the alliance before the Lok Sabha election next year. ______________________. Neither party’s campaign rhetoric would have appealed to the other’s support base.
    the PDP wanted the cessation of operations to continue so that it could serve as a launch pad to talk with separatists about a political solution
    The withdrawal of the two Ministers from the J&K Cabinet did not go down well with the BJP’s rank and file, which was beginning to feel the PDP was getting the better of the bargain
    Both parties feed off the denominational divide, the BJP depending on the Hindu vote bank in Jammu and the PDP on the Muslim vote bank in Kashmir
    the controversy over the support extended by two of its Ministers to the accused in the Kathua rape-and-murder case would have signalled that the alliance was no longer sustainable
    None of these
    Option C

     

  3. One crisis, many causes. The immediate provocation for Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal sitting on a dharna at the residence of the Lt. Governor might have been a run-in with the bureaucracy, but the crisis is rooted in the understanding (or misunderstanding) of the constitutional limits of the powers of the elected government in the National Capital Territory of Delhi. The Aam Aadmi Party government has a history of confrontation with the Centre on the question of who is the administrative head of a region that is less than a State and more than a Union Territory. Since the party came to power in 2015, ______________________.
    Instead of mounting a legal challenge to the Centre’s efforts to further curtail the limited powers of the Delhi government
    officials have been in a non-cooperative mode, only attending statutory meetings, skipping what they term are “routine” meetings and not taking phone calls from Ministers
    with the AAP nursing a grouse that the bureaucratic cadre came directly under the Centre
    the demand for Delhi to be given the status of a full-fledged State, allowing it among other things powers over the police, has become strident
    None of these
    Option D

     

  4. Mexico’s ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), which has dominated its politics for the better part of a century, seems at risk of a defeat in the July 1 election. Brisk economic growth, low inflation and a sharp fall in unemployment have not contained the steady political slide under the corruption-tainted rule of President Enrique Peña Nieto. Simultaneously, ______________________. The threat of Washington quitting the North American Free Trade Agreement has loomed large over the latter part of Mr. Peña Nieto’s rule. But his challenges at home have been no less formidable.
    the strong showing in opinion polls for the radical left-wing frontrunner, Andrés Manuel López Obrador of the National Regeneration Movement, is linked to the peso’s sharp decline and a sense of drift
    the political mishandling of the mysterious disappearance of scores of children in 2014 has been severe
    the sacking of the chief prosecutor investigating the allegations eroded the credibility of the government’s attempts to combat graft
    Mr. López Obrador’s rising popularity has sent jitters across the energy industry over the future of the contracts for oil exploration in the Gulf of Mexico
    None of these
    Option A

     

  5. Colombia’s first presidential election since the landmark 2016 peace deal with the FARC Marxist guerrillas has thrown up the youngest winner in its history. ______________________. Mr. Duque, a relative political novice, beat his rival, Gustavo Petro, an erstwhile insurgent, by a 12 percentage point margin in Sunday’s run-off. Mr. Duque’s victory is likely to help the conservatives further consolidate their gains in the Congress, where the centrists led by Mr. Santos remain weakened.
    A protégé of the conservative former President Álvaro Uribe, Mr. Duque can count on backing from his mentor’s Democratic Centre party
    But the victory of the 41-year-old right-wing candidate, Iván Duque, raises questions for the future of the agreement negotiated by the Nobel Peace Prize-winning outgoing President, Juan Manuel Santos
    The grant of amnesty to the extremists and codified guarantees of representation in the Congress, to ensure a smooth passage into the political mainstream, have proved the most contentious provisions
    After violent attacks on its candidates, it had suspended its campaign for the Congressional election
    None of these
    Option B

     

  6. India’s water crisis is clear and present, with implications for the health of the entire population. According to the Composite Water Management Index developed by Niti Aayog, 70% of the water resources are identified as polluted. This is based primarily on data supplied by States for calculating the index. ______________________. The system of ratings for States is based on their performance in augmenting water resources and watersheds, investing in infrastructure, providing rural and urban drinking water, and encouraging efficient agricultural use. It presumes that this ‘hall of fame’ approach will foster “competitive and cooperative federalism”.
    Groundwater extraction patterns need to be better understood through robust data collection; less than 5% of about 12 million wells are now under study
    It advocates decentralisation of irrigation commands, offering higher financial flows to well-performing States through a National Irrigation Management Fund
    If the water accessible to millions is contaminated, the problem is infinitely worse than that of availability
    The trends that the data reflect of high to extreme stress faced by 600 million people call for speedy reforms
    None of these
    Option C

     

  7. The death of Shujaat Bukhari in a terrorist attack at close range in Srinagar has taken away a journalist who held bold and independent opinions on the conflict in Kashmir and how it should be resolved. ______________________, the attack sends out a chilling message: that on the eve of Id-ul-Fitr and in the closing days of the government’s Ramzan ceasefire against militants, there are forces determined to gut the emerging consensus for extending the cease-ops and preparing the ground for dialogue. Bukhari, given the credibility he had painstakingly built with reportage that conveyed the complex reality of life in the Valley, was a prominent advocate of the ceasefire and the need to extend it. Whichever terrorist group chose to kill him would have been aware of the consequences of his death. This has been a dark week in Jammu and Kashmir.
    It also underscores the irreplaceable role of the journalist in Kashmir
    Bukhari himself has been abducted before, in 2006. He survived that ordeal
    It is easy to spot the insistence to pull Kashmir back into the cycle of violence
    In the choice of target and the timing of the murder
    None of these
    Option D

     

  8. A little over a month after the Centre proposed a special cess under the GST to help alleviate distress among sugarcane farmers, ______________________. This package, with a mix of assured minimum pricing and special incentives for increasing molasses and ethanol production to gainfully mop up the glut of sugar in the country, is independent of the cess proposal that was expected to raise ₹6,700 crore. To put this in perspective, sugar mills’ dues to farmers stand at ₹22,000 crore. Under the proposed bailout scheme, the government will procure sugar from mills at a fixed minimum price to help them clear dues to farmers, and also offer them other financial assistance.
    the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs approved a ₹7,000- crore package for the sugar sector last week
    the government will procure sugar from mills at a fixed minimum price to help them clear dues to farmers, and also offer them other financial assistance
    With the record output, sugar prices have dropped from an average of ₹37 a kg in the previous season to ₹26 in the current season
    this could help to use excess sugar for the manufacture of alcohol or ethanol
    None of these
    Option A

     

  9. Recent moves by Abdulla Yameen, President of the Maldives, have put Malé on a collision course with New Delhi. Even the presidential election, which India has been calling for, is a point of contention. On Thursday, India criticised the government for its incarceration of former President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom and Chief Justice Abdulla Saeed, sentenced to 19 months in prison for an alleged plot to unseat Mr. Yameen. ______________________. This tough talk may not be taken kindly to in Malé. There has been a series of setbacks in India-Maldives ties, starting from March 2015 when Prime Minister Narendra Modi cancelled a visit in a show of disapproval of the treatment of Mohamed Nasheed, then in prison facing treason and terror charges
    Bolstered by a newly strengthened relationship with China, Mr. Yameen showed no inclination to heed India’s advice
    India called the trial a sham, saying the sentencing put a question mark on the credibility of the presidential election process
    hundreds of Indians offered employment in the Maldives at resorts, hospitals and colleges have been denied work visas for the past few months
    India’s vocal protests on democratic rights in the Maldives have been at variance with the past policy of taking a more muted line in public while encouraging democracy in official conversations
    None of these
    Option B

     

  10. It is a development that prolongs the political uncertainty in Tamil Nadu, and leaves as many as 18 Assembly constituencies unrepresented. As a result of the split verdict by a two-member Bench of the Madras High Court on the disqualification of 18 legislators, Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami’s regime gets a further lease of life. A unanimous judgment would have adversely impacted his government, regardless of the decision. If the Bench had struck down the disqualification, the MLAs owing loyalty to Amma Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam leader T.T.V. Dhinakaran would return to the Assembly – a scenario in which the AIADMK regime would find itself cornered, as it owes its majority to the 18 disqualifications. ______________________.
    He is clear that the question of voluntarily giving up membership of the AIADMK would not arise when the party itself was embroiled in a factional tussle before the Election Commission
    Justice M. Sundar, on the other hand, is categorical that the Speaker’s order is vitiated by all the four grounds on which judicial review in such cases is permitted
    Had the disqualifications been upheld, the ruling party would have been faced with the uphill task of retaining the seats in by-elections
    On a complaint from the party’s Chief Whip, the Speaker ruled the MLAs had incurred disqualification, as their action amounted to voluntarily giving up party membership, one of the grounds for disqualification under the anti-defection law
    None of these
    Option C

     

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