Direction (1-5): In each question below a sentence is given with three blanks in each. Each question is followed by four options with two words in each. You have to select that option as your answer which can fill the blanks of the sentence.
- Despite Mr. Rajapaksa failing to prove his majority in several motions in the House, he had steadfastly __________ in office, seeking fresh elections instead of stepping down. Sri Lanka’s politics and economy have been caught in a downward spiral due to a constitutional crisis since Mr. Sirisena __________ Mr. Rajapaksa as Prime Minister. However, Mr. Rajapaksa was unable, or unwilling, to demonstrate the extent of his support in Parliament. At one point the President __________ Parliament, and later dissolved it.
persisted, ousted, adjournedremained, appointed, proroguedtarried, expelled, deferredpersevered, exiled, respitedAll are CorrectOption B
- The days when inflation could __________ governments appear to be gone. It is now time for the government to worry about falling prices, especially of food. Retail inflation dropped to a 17-month low of 2.33% in November, as compared to 3.31% in October, primarily due to the fall in the prices of various essential food items. Food prices fell by a huge 6.96 percentage points __________ to a year ago and, at minus 2.61%, are now in deflationary territory for the second successive month. The fall in inflation is obviously good news for consumers, particularly those in urban India who are happy to pay less for their purchases; also for the Reserve Bank of India, which will now have more room for __________ in the matter of interest rates.
collapse, opposed, schemecapsize, conflicted, manipulatetopple, compared, manoeuvrestumble, hostile, intrigueAll are CorrectOption C
- In continuing with its politics of regional identity, the Telangana Rashtra Samithi won a second term in office in India’s newest State, __________ the national party, the Congress, to a distant second. TRS leader K. Chandrasekhara Rao, sworn in again as Chief Minister, had made a __________ gamble by advancing the election, which was due along with the Lok Sabha election. The motive was clear: he did not want to fight the Assembly polls alongside the Lok Sabha election, in which the Congress would have been a strong contender at the national level. The gamble paid off handsomely, and the TRS has added 25 seats to its 2014 tally of 63 with an increase of 12 percentage points in vote __________.
curbing, fortuitous, minglehauling, spontaneous, consolidatestatic, instinctive, cohesionpushing, calculated, shareAll are CorrectOption D
- British Prime Minister Theresa May has __________ a trust vote on her Conservative party __________. But there is little sign that the bitter infighting within the ruling party will __________. Nor is there any assurance that Parliament will back her government’s controversial Brexit deal with the European Union.
deceased, negligence, enhanceexpired, destruction, enlargesurvived, stewardship, abateperished, denial, reviveAll are CorrectOption C
- Post-poll alliances between parties, shaped as they are by __________ realities, are easier to form than pre-poll alliances that have to __________ competing expectations of the prospective partners. Soon after the results of the Assembly elections were out, the Bahujan Samaj Party, which had played hard-to-get with the Congress in pre-election alliance talks, __________ its support to the party in both Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.
intractable, reconcile, announcedrefractory, estrange, concealedrecalcitrant, antagonize, repressedadamant, contradict, hiddenAll are CorrectOption A
The government, the Opposition and the media bear the responsibility to distinguish between ferreting out the bad apples and kicking over the entire barrel and trampling all the fruit into the mud.So, the government must cut taxes, but when prices threaten to rise yet again, on the rupee’s depreciation, which, on the plus side, could boost exports.Bankers frightened into avoiding any kind of risk can kill off economic revival.It is important to root out corrupt practices in banking. But to demoralise the entire banking system in the process would be wholly counterproductive.After putting demonetisation and the birth pangs of GST behind it, the economy is on the verge of regaining momentum.Option B
That may benefit from trade facilitation as against those that require higher levels of control.It goes against the grain of a modern IT-driven tax administration.The GST administration must leverage technology for smooth implementation of the e-way bill.This entails assessing, profiling and targeting the flows of goods to figure out the level of intervention that is needed.The customs administration uses risk-based procedures to identify reliable operators and low-risk consignments or transactions,Option C
It is important to root out corrupt practices in banking.After putting demonetisation and the birth pangs of GST behind it, the economy is on the verge of regaining momentum.But to demoralise the entire banking system in the process would be wholly counterproductive.RBI, too, must refuse to react to charges of negligence in some instance.The government, the Opposition and the media bear the responsibility to distinguish between ferreting out the bad apples and kicking over the entire barrel and trampling all the fruit into the mud.Option D
For these children, the school is the only available pathway to a better life.These practices and approaches need to be made available to teachers and school administrators across the system.Moving away from a restrictive textbook-based teaching, they need to have the freedom to translate curricula into practice in a manner that addresses the requirements of their students.The most important step would be to empower and encourage teachers to innovate.First-generation learners constitute the bulk of the schoolgoing population, particularly in the network of governmentfunded schools.Option B
The Bharat Bandh has claimed the lives of nine people, burned buses and produced clashes, leading to arrests of thousands.Dalits were protesting the deemed dilution of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Prevention of Atrocities Act by a Supreme Court order seeking to build safeguards against abuse of the law.From being ostracised as polluting and therefore untouchable, as per the ritual hierarchy of traditional Hinduism, dalits have come a long way.It is condemnable for the damage it does directly and counterproductive for the dalits’ cause as well.Violence is not the way to register protest in a democracy.Option C
Directions (6-10): Choose the odd sentence out of the given five sentences in each question.