Directions(1-5): In the passage given below there are 5 blanks. Every blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C), and (D). You have to tell which word is APPROPRIATE according to the context. If all are appropriate then mark your answer as “E”.
“ALFRED, it’s spinning.” Roy Kerr, a New Zealand-born physicist in his late 20s, had, for half an hour, been chain-smoking his way through some ___1___ mathematics. Alfred Schild, his boss at the newly built Centre for Relativity at the University of Texas, had sat and watched. Now, having broken the silence, Kerr ___2___ his pencil. He had been searching for a new solution to Albert Einstein’s equations of general relativity, and at last he could see in his numbers and symbols a precise description of how space-time—the four-dimensional universal fabric those equations describe—could be wrapped into a spinning ball. He had found what he was ___3___.
When this happened, in 1962, the general theory of relativity had been around for almost half a century. It was ___4___ held up as one of the highest intellectual achievements of humanity. And it was also something of an intellectual backwater. It was mathematically taxing and mostly applied to simple models with little resemblance to the real world, and thus not widely worked on. Kerr’s spinning solution changed that. Given that pretty much everything in the universe is part of a system that spins at some rate or other, the new solution had a relevance to real-world possibilities—or, rather, out-of-this-world ones—that previous work in the field had lacked. It provided science with a theoretical basis for understanding a bizarre object that would soon ___5___ the public imagination: the black hole.
sympatheticfiendishbenevolentcompassionateAll are CorrectOption B
take downset downput downbring downAll are CorrectOption C
go aheadbe surprisedhit the ground runninglooking forAll are CorrectOption D
customarilyoccasionallydivergentlycuriouslyAll are CorrectOption A
disgustbewitchrepugnancemalevolenceAll are CorrectOption B
- Harold Wilson is not a Labour prime minister anyone much quotes these days, but he did leave behind some useful observations and not just the now dated one about a week being a long time in politics. “The Labour party is like a stagecoach,” he once remarked. “If you rattle along at great speed, everybody inside is too exhilarated or too seasick to cause any trouble. But if you stop, everybody ___________ and argues about where to go next.”
a. comes with
b. gets out
c. clears outBoth a & bBoth b & cBoth c & aOnly aAll are CorrectOption B
- You hear less of that today. Rather than moving at great speed towards power, the Corbyn stagecoach has got rather ___________. Heady predictions made in the wake of the election that they would be in power by now have not materialised. Doubts about what will happen at the next election have begun to creep into the thoughts of even some devoted Corbynites.
a. bogged down
b. set back
c. pull up your socksBoth a & bBoth b & cBoth c & aOnly bAll are CorrectOption A
- I think it is also reasonable to say that Mr McDonnell is better at maths than Mr Corbyn. This means he has been thinking harder about the coalition of voters that Labour will need to assemble if the party is to win the next election, rather than lose yet another one. Justifying the stance he ___________ the budget, the shadow chancellor observed that the beneficiaries of the tax changes would include better-paid workers in the public sector, such as headteachers.
a. take over
b. cop out
c. took onBoth a & bBoth b & cBoth c & aOnly aAll are CorrectOption C
- The takeaway is that we can expect the police to prioritise violent crime over minor theft, drug dealing over dinner-party drug taking and the production of images of child abuse over their consumption online. The police are simply screening out some reports of crimes – almost half in one area of the country – because they don’t have the resources to ___________.
a. carry through
b. follow up
c. set upBoth a & bBoth b & cBoth c & aOnly bAll are CorrectOption A
- Britain has probably gained more from this market than anyone. So ___________ of it gives rise to this dilemma: stay in step with Europe’s rules to minimise economic damage or break free from those rules and suffer the damage. The first is pointless and the second painful. Pointless versus painful is the choice.
a. putting us away
b. wrenching us out
c. taking us outBoth a & bBoth b & cBoth c & aOnly cAll are CorrectOption B
Directions(6-10): In each question, a sentence is given followed by a blank. Each blank is followed by three options and you have to determine which option can be used in place of blank to make it a meaningful sentence and mark it as your answer.