Directions: In the passage given below there are 5 blanks. Every blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C), and (D). You have to tell which word is APPROPRIATE according to the context. If all are appropriate then mark your answer as “E”.
U.S. Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell’s speech last week at the conference for central bankers in Jackson Hole, Wyoming was a strong defence of the current gradual approach to raising interest rates. With the American economy growing at a strong pace, inflation being close to the Fed’s 2% target and unemployment at a 20-year low, President Donald Trump has been so sharply critical of this approach of raising interest rates that it has led to suggestions that he is ___1___ on the Fed’s independence. Mr. Trump is worried that rising interest rates could ___2___ the country’s economic growth, check the stock market boom, and thereby affect his own popularity and electoral chances. Mr. Trump, however, has not been the only one ___3___ of the Fed’s policy. Coming from another perspective, some are concerned that the Fed may in fact be raising interest rates too slowly, despite strong signals of an overheating economy. At Jackson Hole, in his first speech as Fed chief, Mr. Powell sought to defend his gradualism from his critics on both sides of the divide. He emphasised the ___4___ nature of economic variables such as unemployment and inflation in the modern economy in drawing attention to the risks of raising rates either too fast or too slow. In stressing why macroeconomic forecasting is so difficult, Mr. Powell seemed to suggest that much of monetary policy-making is simply about ___5___ in the dark.
crankingencroachingjumpingarisingAll are CorrectOption B
invasiveignorederailviolateAll are CorrectOption C
factualdistinctdesperatecriticalAll are CorrectOption D
impreciseexpressexplicitimpeccableAll are CorrectOption A
making surecarryinggropingshootingAll are CorrectOption C
- (A) The lack of access to education for children around the world is a massive problem, /(B) but that does not mean we should throw up our hands in despair and surrender. /(C) Instead, we need to take on as much of the challenge as we can manage to set an example and see the difference. /(D) This is what has driven me to prioritise global education in my philanthropy and advocacy work.
- (A) The Scottish Tory leader’s frankness has been applauded by campaigners for helping combat the stigma /(B) surrounding mental illness. Self-harm in particular is rarely disclosed or understood in discussions about psychological wellbeing, although Davidson must /(C) surely see the tension inherent in seeking to end stigma about mental illness while the party she proudly represents tears down mental health provision. /(D) Davidson fears that standing to be party leader would risk her mental health, whereas for hundreds of thousands of people, the Conservatives being in power does precisely that.
helping to combat
- (A) If it is true that failure makes a great teacher, the Liberal Democrats must know a lot about British politics. /(B) Currently they are learning about Brexit by failing to capitalise on the votes of millions of remainers, /(C) as such being England’s most pro-European mainstream party. /(D) In 2016 support for EU membership was 48%, yet the Lib Dems struggle to reach double digits in opinion polls.
as such = despite
- (A) The first, and most obvious, thing to say is that Soon-Yi Previn has every right to tell her story, /(B) and any publication has the right to publish it. Obvious, and yet, obviously, not the opinion of everyone. /(C) Previn is best known for the adopted daughter of André Previn and Mia Farrow, and the wife of /(D) Farrow’s very much ex-boyfriend, Woody Allen.
for = as
- (A) In 2010, I started a campaign against Rod Liddle becoming editor of the Independent as it was rumoured he would be. /(B) When I say campaign, I mean that I joked on Facebook that I should be the editor, not him. /(C) People took it seriously as though there were a remote possibility of this when everyone knows I am allergic to offices, /(D) don’t believe in meetings longer than 10 minutes and am the world’s crappest schmoozer.
Omit be after “would”
Directions: In each of the following questions there are sentences. There is error in one of the parts. Mark the option which contains error parts as your answer. If no part contains error mark option E as your answer.