English Test for IBPS PO 2018 Prelim Exam Set – 19

Directions: Read the following passage and answer the questions that follows.

Despite the giggles that greeted Donald Trump at the UN this week, the threats and insults he hurled at Iran are no laughing matter. The US president is pursuing a deliberate, premeditated and high-risk campaign to provoke, intimidate and ultimately overthrow the Tehran regime. His verbal assaults are matched by damaging US sanctions that hurt ordinary Iranians and will culminate in November with a global embargo on Iran’s crucial oil exports. At that point, Iran’s hardliners, more or less restrained until now by President Hassan Rouhani, may take matters into their own hands. The dire prospect of direct armed confrontation in the Gulf is increasing by the day. Ever since he repudiated the multilateral deal limiting Iran’s nuclear activities, which was backed by the UK, the EU, China and Russia in 2015, Trump has been gunning for Iran, while at the same time trying to justify his destructive behaviour. He claimed Iran was in breach of its obligations – a claim roundly rebuffed by the IAEA nuclear watchdog. He declared, without evidence, that his pressure tactics were changing regime behaviour in Syria, Yemen and Lebanon. Now, frustrated by Iran’s entirely predictable refusal to sue for peace, he is upping the ante, accusing its leaders on Tuesday of sowing “chaos, death and disruption”.

  1. “Iran’s Hardliners” is referred to whom? a. President of the country b. Volunteers of the country c. The President of USA
    Both a & b
    Both b & c
    Both c & a
    Only b
    None of these
    Option E

     

  2. Which of the following statement is false, according to the passage?
    Donald Trump was greeted at the UN this week
    The US president is pursuing an insisted campaign to provoke the Tehran regime
    Iran’s hardliners are restrained by President Hassan Rouhani.
    Limiting Iran’s nuclear activities was backed by the UK
    None of these
    Option B

     

  3. Trump is frustrated over Iran because: a. Iran’s predictable refusal to sue for peace b. Iran is accused of sowing chaos, death and disruption c. He is welcomed with giggles at UN
    Both a & b
    Both b & c
    Both c & a
    Only a
    All are Correct
    Option D

     

  4. What, according to the passage, is the most appropriate meaning of “embargo”?
    permit
    overload
    ban
    sufferance
    entitlement
    Option C

     

  5. What, according to the passage, is true about the US President? a. He is pursuing a high-risk campaign to provoke the Tehran regime. b. He declared that his pressure tactics were changing regime behaviour in Syria. c. He may take matters of the Tehran regime into his own hands.
    Both a & b
    Both b & c
    Both c & a
    Only b
    All are Correct
    Option A

     

  6. Directions(6-10): In each of the following questions there are sentences. There is error in one of the parts. Mark the option which contains error parts as your answer. If no part contains error mark option E as your answer.

  7. (A) Trump, a novice in international affairs, has undoubtedly bought into the simplistic anti-Iran narrative peddled by Benjamin Netanyahu, /(B) Israel’s hawkish prime minister, and some US-based supporters of Israel. Netanyahu routinely portrays /(C) Iran as an existential threat to his country, and has advocated military action in the past. Trump’s new comrades-in-arms in the Saudi /(D) royal family and other Sunni Muslim Gulf monarchies have also won his unthinking support for their age-old, region-wide struggle for influence with Shia Tehran.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    NE
    Option E

     

  8. (A) Yesterday’s report of an Arctic beluga whale in the Thames has an almost Shakespearean quality of something both rich and strange, /(B) sensational and fatal at the same time. She’s tragically in the wrong place; compare with the /(C) Thames whale of 2006 are all too obvious. Despite a million-pound rescue attempt, that northern bottlenose died of dehydration, /(D) unable to feed on her deep-water diet of squid and thus slake her thirst.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    NE
    Option B
    compare = comparisions

     

  9. (A) Like most I’d met in this Labour stronghold, he didn’t care what Jeremy Corbyn and the unions said; /(B) he was voting out. Why? “Immigrants.” That was the rote response – except we were in the tiny village of Llanhilleth, /(C) where the only foreigners were inside the Daily Mail. Barrel-chested Meek has had a factory job until he got injured; /(D) now he looked after the local miners’ institute.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    NE
    Option C
    has had = had had

     

  10. (A) The experience of getting a new business off the ground, building a customer base, /(B) securing investment and ultimately getting yourself at a strong growth trajectory represent /(C) huge challenges for any entrepreneur. But last week, the government announced that /(D) it was launching a review, led by the head of commercial and private banking at RBS, Alison Rose, into whether there are “unfair obstacles” facing women trying to start a new enterprise in the UK.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    NE
    Option B
    at = on

     

  11. (A) There may be more electric vehicles in the world’s roads, but there are also more internal combustion engines. /(B) There be more bicycles, but there are also more planes. It doesn’t matter how many good things we do: /(C) preventing climate breakdown means ceasing to do bad things. Given that economic growth, in nations that are already rich enough to meet the needs of all, /(D) requires an increase in pointless consumption, it is hard to see how it can ever be decoupled from the assault on the living planet.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    NE
    Option A
    in = on

     


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