Directions(1-5): In each of the following questions there are sentences. There is error in one of the parts. Mark the option which contains error parts as your answer. If no part contains error mark option E as your answer.
- (A) A continually rising deficit, financed by public bond issues, rapidly raises the national debt /(B) to seemingly astronomical heights. So a politically irresistible demand arises to “cut” the deficit. /(C) Cutting the deficit by cutting welfare becomes the litmus test for a government’s determination to “put its accounts in order”. /(D) This is what happened over most of the industrial world from 2010 onwards.
for = of
- (A) Osborne announced a variety of spending cuts and tax rises which he claimed would reduce /(B) the budget deficit from 11% to 1% (and would liquidate the structural deficit completely) within the course of a single term of parliament, /(C) and significantly reduce the debt level. Yet the economy grew far less than Osborne had predicted for each year of parliament, /(D) and the deficit and debt did not reduce at anything like the rate he predicted.
he predicted = he had predicted
- (A) If government, in an attempt to “balance the books”, reduces the community’s spending power, economic recovery stalls. /(B) And this is what happened. Osborne’s cuts chopped down the /(C) “green shoots of recovery” that had began to appear at the end of 2009, and condemned Britain to at least two further years of stagnation. /(D) In fact, the effects of his “cure” linger still, in the form of lost output and earnings.
had began = had begun
- (A) Three essential lessons should be, but have so far been only incompletely, learned. /(B) The most important is to prevent financial collapses in the first place. /(C) Banks have to be stopped from putting the economy in jeopardy by risky lending. /(D) This is a big reform agenda that has barely been scratched by telling banks to hold more capital or reserves.
- (A) If too much wealth and income is concentrated into too few hands, the consumption base of the economy /(B) becomes too weak to support full employment, high or low. /(C) The effects of failing to take precautions against a big collapse of economic activity and the botched and inegalitarian recovery measures /(D) implemented by most governments from 2010 onwards have left a damaging legacy of political resentment.
into = in
- What, according to passage, is correct about Network Rail?
a. It is a firm run by landlords
b. Jo Johnson is the owner of Rail Network
c. They owned Victorian Railway archesBoth a & bBoth b & cBoth c & aOnly bAll are CorrectOption C
- What, according to the passage, is the most appropriate meaning of ” christen “:
use for the first time.baptizedchristianBoth a & bNone of theseOption A
- Who is I referred to in the passage?
Jo JohnsonauthortenantBoth b & cNone of theseOption D
- How did he started his own bakery shop?
by using a local restaurant’s wood-fired pizza ovenby delivering bread around the local area by bicycleby looking for a permanent home for my businessBoth a & bAll are CorrectOption E
- What, according to the passage, is false about Hackney?
a. He is a tenant of three railway arches in Hackney
b. Blackstone’s headquarters is in Hackney.
c. He lives in Hackney.Both a & bBoth b & cBoth c & aOnly cAll are CorrectOption D
Directions(6-10): Read the following passage and answer the questions that follows.
As a tenant of three railway arches in Hackney that house the bakehouse I set up almost a decade ago, it was galling to hear that Network Rail will be selling off the thousands of Victorian railway arches they own, in a deal worth £1.5bn, to international property giant Blackstone. When we first learned about plans for this short-termist sale over a year ago, I and other tenants set up a campaign to stop it: Network Rail is one of the country’s biggest small-business landlords and the sell-off could put hundreds of community businesses at risk. We were originally assured by the transport minister, Jo Johnson, that he would look over our proposals before the sale went ahead – something he sadly didn’t stand by. I embarked on my journey to become a baker back in 2010. I lived in Hackney, and it was here that I wanted to be based. I wanted to use local ingredients, trade as part of the local community and source ingredients from farms in the region, which I could visit. I started by using a local restaurant’s wood-fired pizza oven and delivered bread around the local area by bicycle. As my confidence grew I began to look for a permanent home for my business, which I went onto christen the e5 Bakehouse.