English Test for IBPS PO Prelims 2020 Exam set – 12

Directions(1-5): In the given question, a sentence is divided into five parts out of which the last part is correct. Out of the remaining four, there are errors in three parts. Choose the part which doesn’t have an error. If all the four parts are correct, mark (E) i.e. ‘All are correct’ as the answer.

  1. The needs to integrate socio-economic context and environmental pollution (A)/ exposures into health research had long been recognized (B)/ and there are growing attention to (C)/ the role of multiple exposures and heightened physiologic susceptibility (D)/ in driving health disparities.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option D
    In part A, two entities (socioeconomic context and environmental pollution) are joined by the conjunction ‘and’ , they are considered plural. Thus, instead of ‘needs’, the
    base verb form ‘need’ should be used.
    In part B, instead of ‘had’ which is the past tense, the present tense ‘has’ should be used for the part to be correct.
    In part C, ‘attention’ is singular. To maintain the subject-verb agreement, ‘is’ should be used, instead of ‘are’.

     

  2. After the founding of a German empire (A)/ in 1871, Germany became the very pattern (B)/ and model for Western Europe into all matters (C)/ relates to theology, philosophy, and technology, (D)/ medicine, science, culture and social engineering.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option B
    The error in A is the incorrect use of indefinite article ‘a’ and needs to be replaced with definite article ‘the’ to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. This is because ‘the’ is used for definite person, place or things. And here the sentence is talking about the ‘German empire’. So, ‘the’ should be used before that.
    The error in part C of the sentence is the incorrect use of the preposition ‘into’ and needs to be replaced with ‘in’ to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. This is because; ‘into’ is used for motion but the sentence is not indicating any sort of motions. For matters ‘in’ is used.
    The error in D is ‘relates’ which must be replaced with ‘relating’.

     

  3. The use of streaming services (A)/ also affect positively live (B)/ music attendance, but also for national (C)/ or international artists which are (D)/ more likely to be available on streaming services.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option A
    Only part A is correct.
    In part B, “affect” will get replaced by “affects” since the subject is singular.
    In part C, the use of only ‘but also’ is wrong without ‘not only’ which is a correlative conjunction, but we don’t need it here. Instead we need to emphasize only ‘national’ and ‘international’ artists. So, the correct word would be ‘but only’.
    In part D, “which” will get replaced by “who” as it has been used for the “artists”.

     

  4. Understanding the environmental system, (A)/ the sources, pathways, 􀁾ows and transformations chemicals and potential agents of harm (B)/ between air, land and water is absolute fundamental (C)/ to development efforts that support poverty and reduction (D)/ and positive health outcomes.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option A
    Part B is missing a preposition. The different methods that the ‘chemicals and potential agents of harm’ can go through should be succeeded by the preposition ‘of’ which would make complete sense… flows and transformation of chemicals and potential agents’
    In part C, ‘fundamental’ is an adjective and hence the adjective ‘absolute’ cannot precede it as it can only modify a noun or a pronoun. The adverb ‘absolutely’ which can modify the adjective is needed here.
    Part D has faulty construction. Using the conjunction ‘and’ in the sentence creates a different meaning than what is intended. It should be removed to make the sentence clear in meaning.

     

  5. Environmental Pollution is an international journal (A)/ that seeks too publish papers that report (B)/ resulting from original research that addresses (C)/ significant environmental pollution issues nor problems (D)/ and contribute new knowledge to science.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option A
    In part B, the adverb ‘too’ has been incorrectly used as it means ‘excessively’ or ‘also’. The correct word here should be the preposition ‘to’.
    The word ‘resulting’ has been incorrectly used in part C of the sentence. It is the present participle form of the verb ‘result’. But the part needs a noun to show the outcome from original novel research and hence, the noun meaning of ‘result’ is correct in this part.
    In part D, the correlative conjunction ‘nor’ has been incorrectly used. Since ‘neither’ is not present in the sentence, it cannot be used. The correct conjunction here is ‘and’.

     

  6. Directions(6-10): In the given question, a connector is given for the statements I, II and III. Choose the pair of sentences which can be combined using the given connector, when used in the beginning of the new sentence.

  7. However
    I) I like the quality of the dress.
    II) The dress comes only in one colour
    III) I only want the colour pink while buying shoes.
    Only I and II
    Only II and III
    Only I and III
    All I, II and III
    None of these
    Option B
    Sentence III cannot be a part of the joined sentence as it talks about shoes while the other sentences talk about dresses.
    ‘However’ is used to express contrast. Sentences I and II can be joined by it as they talk about contrasting thoughts regarding a dress.
    New Sentence – I like the quality of the dress, however, it only comes in one colour.

     

  8. On the other hand
    I) Extending the lockdown is good.
    II) It will contain the disease.
    III) It will create economic pressure.
    Only I and II
    Only II and III
    Only I and III
    All I, II and III
    None of these
    Option D
    New Sentence: Extending the lockdown is good as it will contain the disease, on the other hand, it will create economic pressure.

     

  9. Likewise
    I) The restaurant is new, but the food was great.
    II) The service at the reception was bad.
    III) The wine was also great at the new restaurant.
    Only I and II
    Only II and III
    Only I and III
    All I, II and III
    None of these
    Option C
    New Sentence: The restaurant is new, but the food was great and likewise the wine.

     

  10. Correspondingly
    I) Columns have to be stronger than walls.
    II) Columns have to generally bear a heavier weight than walls.
    III) Walls are weaker.
    Only I and II
    Only II and III
    Only I and III
    All I, II and III
    None of these
    Option A
    New Sentence: Columns have to generally bear a heavier weight than walls and have to be correspondingly stronger.

     

  11. Therefore
    I) The failed banks had a lot of capital locked up in them.
    II) The locked-up capital was not available for the wage earners.
    III) The banks failed due to bad investment decisions.
    Only I and II
    Only II and III
    Only I and III
    All I, II and III
    None of these
    Option A
    New Sentence: The failed banks had a lot of capital locked up in them and therefore, the capital was not available for the wage earners.

     

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