English Test for IBPS PO Prelims 2020 Exam set – 15

Directions (1-5): Four statements are given below at A, B, C and D. There may be some errors in the given statements. Mark the correct statement as the answer. If all the statements are correct, mark option E, i.e., “All are correct” as the answer.

  1. While the government makers choose between wildlife considerations and industrial projects, wildlife habitats invariably get short shrift.
    Wildlife habitats invariably get short shrift when government decision-makers have to choose between wildlife considerations and industrial projects.
    Wildlife habitats invariably get short shrift because the government is choosing between wildlife considerations and industrial projects.
    Wildlife habits are yet to get short shift because the government is refusing to choose between wildlife considerations and industrial projects.
    All are correct
    Option B

     

  2. Oversimplification analytics can lead to damaging consumers who make choices based on the available nutritional information, level of food insecurity and cultural approaches to food consumption.
    Nutritional information, level of food insecurity and cultural approaches to food consumption all contribute to the food choices of consumers leading to damaging conclusions with oversimplified analytics.
    Oversimplification nutritional information, level of food insecurity and cultural approaches to food consumption all contribute to the food choices of consumers which then leads to oversimplified damaged conclusions.
    Oversimplified analytics can lead to damaging conclusions, where access to nutritional information, level of food insecurity and cultural approaches to food consumption all contribute to the food choices of consumers.
    All are correct
    Option D

     

  3. In an organisation where women scientists make up less than 20 percent of the workforce, the Mars mission saw women shouldering a fair share of the responsibility.
    In an organisation where women scientists make up less than 20 percent among the workforce, the Mars mission saw women smouldering a fare share of the responsibility.
    Despite being at least 20 percent of the workforce of the organization the women scientists were a significant part of the Mars mission.
    Despite being at least 20 percent in the workforce of the organization the women scientists were a significant part of the Mars mission.
    All are correct
    Option A

     

  4. She persisted in her struggle for getting equal rights for the downtrodden in the society even when the circumstances were against her.
    Although the circumstances were against her, but nevertheless she persisted in her struggle in getting equal rights for the downtrodden in the society.
    She persisted in her struggle for getting equal rights for the downtrodden in the society even when the circumstances were unfavourable.
    Although the circumstances were against her, nevertheless she persisted in her struggle in getting equal rights for the downtrodden in the society.
    All are incorrect.
    Option B

     

  5. The unpredictability of the future should warn one about being happy when fate smiles upon them.
    The future is unpredictable and hence one should be warned about being happy when fate smiles upon them.
    One can never be very glad when fate smiles upon them as the future is unpredictable.
    One can never be too glad when fate smiles upon them as the future is unpredictable.
    All are incorrect
    Option D
    ‘Too’ is an adverb and refers to something that is more than required and is not used to modify pleasant adjectives like ‘glad’ or ‘happy’. This makes option D incorrect.

     

  6. Directions(6-9): Which of the following phrases (i), (ii), and (iii) given below each sentence should replace the phrase given in brackets to make the sentence grammatically correct? Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark (E) i.e., “No correction required” as the answer.

  7. (Urging the neighbours to iron on differences) he exclaimed that otherwise they would keep encountering outsiders coming and telling them to sort it out.
    i) Urging the neighbours to iron about differences
    ii) Urging the neighbours to iron out differences
    iii) Urging the neighbours to iron off differences
    Only i
    Only ii
    Only iii
    ii and iii
    No correction required
    Option B
    The correct answer is ‘Urging the neighbours to iron out differences’. ‘Iron out’ is a phrasal verb which means ‘to deal successfully with a disagreement or problem, especially by removing the last remaining dif􀁽culties’. Therefore option B is the correct answer.

     

  8. The dacoits looted the house and before the police arrived (the things were taken away).
    i) the things was taken away
    ii) they took away the things
    iii) the things were taken off
    Only i
    Only ii
    Only iii
    ii and iii
    No correction required
    Option B

     

  9. Emerging diseases are commonly associated with population expansions — (where people encroach in habitats) occupied by animals — as well as with environmental disturbances and climate change.
    i. where people encroach on habitats
    ii. when people encroach on habitats
    iii. when people encroach to habitats
    Only i
    Only ii
    Only iii
    Both i and iii
    No correction required
    Option B
    ‘where’ is an adverb that is used to modify a noun phrase of place or location. We need an adverb here that would modify a noun phrase of time. Thus, ‘when’ should be used. This negates phrase i.
    Again, ‘in’ is incorrect as it is a preposition used to denote exact location or place. We need the preposition ‘on’ before ‘habitat’ to denote general location.

     

  10. Currently, the most effective and realistic way to fight outbreaks is to monitor human populations in the countries and locations (are most vulnerable) to infectious disease.
    i. These are most vulnerable
    ii. Those are most vulnerable
    iii. That are most vulnerable
    Only i
    Only ii
    Only iii
    Both i and iii
    No correction required
    Option C

     

  11. Direction: In the given question, four words are given of which two are most nearly the same or opposite in meaning. Find the two words and indicate your answer by marking the option which represents the correct combination.

  12. A) Internecine
    B) Ruinous
    C) Flaunt
    D) Rebuff
    A-C
    A-D
    A-B
    C-D
    B-C
    Option C
    The word ‘Internecine’ means destructive to both sides in a conflict. The word ‘Ruinous’ ’ means disastrous or destructive. Thus, both the words are synonyms to each other. The word ‘Flaunt’ means display (something) ostentatiously, especially in order to provoke envy or admiration or to show defiance. The word ‘Rebuff’ means reject (someone or something) in an abrupt or ungracious manner.

     

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