English Test for IBPS PO Prelims 2020 Exam set – 21

Directions(1-6): The following question carries a statement with a blank. The statement is followed by three phrases, more than one of which may fit in the blank. Choose the phrase(s) that can be placed in the blank to make the sentence grammatically correct and meaningful.

  1. Bird eggs come in a dizzying array of colours, but from a global perspective, that diversity follows a simple pattern — the colder the climate, ________________, new research shows.
    i. the darker the egg
    ii. the more dark is the egg
    iii. the darkest the egg
    only i
    only ii
    only iii
    both ii and iii
    all of the above
    Option A

     

  2. Impeachment experts testified before the House judiciary committee on Wednesday that Donald Trump’s misconduct offered ____________ as prescribed by the constitution and applied over the course of US history.
    i. the perfect example for impeachment
    ii. the correct case
    iii. a textbook case of impeachable offenses
    Only i
    Only ii
    Both i and iii
    Both i and ii
    All of these
    Option C

     

  3. It’s not as if the end result when you don’t follow a recipe exactly, tastes any different, so don’t treat it as a catastrophe; ________________ and put it down to experience.
    i. serve it up anyway
    ii. don’t serve the ruined dish
    iii. go with the flow
    Only i
    Only ii
    Only iii
    Both i and ii
    All of these
    Option A

     

  4. You don’t have to travel business class ______________ a private lounge at Dubai International Airport.
    i. to avail the benefits of
    ii. to gain access to
    iii. for relaxing in
    Only i
    Only ii
    Both i and ii
    Both ii and iii
    All the above
    Option E

     

  5. We all have that one life-changing experience after which our lives are ______________________
    i. unchangeable in the future
    ii. never the same again
    iii. transformed in some or the other way
    Only i
    Only ii
    Both i and ii
    Both ii and iii
    All the above
    Option D

     

  6. If a nuclear war were to happen, the world and life _______________ bear the irreversible brunt.
    i. like we know it will
    ii. as we know it, will
    iii. though we know will
    Only i
    Only ii
    Both i and ii
    Both ii and iii
    All the above
    Option B
    Like is followed by the object to which the subject (the world and life) is compared. But here, ‘we’ is followed by ‘know’ which makes ‘we’ a subject which is erroneous. Hence, (i) is discarded.
    “We know it” is a clause itself, so we will use ‘as’ because ‘as’ is used as a conjunction, joining two clauses.

     

  7. Directions(7-10): In the given question, a sentence is divided into five parts out of which the last part is correct. Out of the remaining four, there are errors in three parts. Choose the part which doesn’t have an error. If all the four parts are correct, mark (E), i.e., “All are correct” as the answer.

  8. Europe establishment is luxuriating (A)/ in two recent announcements that would be (B)/ momentous even if they were only part accurate: (C)/ the end of Greece’s debt crisis, (D)/ and a Franco – German accord to redesign the Eurozone.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option D
    The error in part A is the possession of the noun. Establishment of Europe is talking about, so the possessive form of noun ‘Europe’ i.e. ‘Europe’s’ should be used to make the sentence grammatically correct. In part B, the phrase ‘would be’ should be replaced as ‘would have been’. It is describing the possible state of the two announcements had certain situation been met and thus, is referring to a past possibility. In such case, past perfect continuous tense should be used. In part C, adverb will be used instead of noun. Thus, ‘part’ should be replaced with ‘partly’ to make the sentence correct.

     

  9. While I worked on Londoner’s Diary at the Standard, (A)/ the Diary traditionally recruited languidly listless young men just down from Oxford (B)/ – in this department, a university degree was more than acceptable, (C)/ particularly if Oxford and sometimes Cambridge, provided the budding journo (D)/with good connections.

    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option C
    Option A: We use ‘while’ with ‘ing’ form of a verb. ‘When’ is used with ‘ed’ form of a verb. ‘Worked’ denotes that the person used to work on the Londoner’s Diary. While is used with something or a task which is in progress or going-on. So, instead of ‘while,’ we should use ‘when.’
    Option B: The adverb languidly comes from the Latin word languere, meaning “be weak or faint.” Listless refers to a person or their manner lacking energy or enthusiasm. Languidly and listless mean the same thing. This is a redundancy error. The correct phrase should be ‘traditionally recruited languid young men.’
    Option D: We need ‘that’ after ‘provided.’ “Provided that” has an idiomatic meaning as a phrase that introduces a proviso. A proviso can be a number of things, including a condition, an exception and a qualification.

     

  10. Billionaire Mukesh Ambani’s is planning (A)/ for entering the e – commerce business by (B)/ combining at best of the online and offline shopping (C)/ experiences, a business model which will (D)/ require zero cash burn to acquire customers.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option D
    The error in A is the ‘Ambani’s’ which needs to be replaced with ‘Ambani’ as apostrophe (‘s) is used to denote possession and in this part no possession is being made.
    The error in B is the phrase ‘for entering’ which needs to be replaced with ‘to enter’. The verb plan is being followed by another verb, enter. In this case, since the first verb is a gerund, the following verb should be an infinitive verb
    The error in C is the incorrect use of preposition ‘at’. The phrase ‘at best’ means taking the most optimistic view. The part here is referring to the ‘best of’ the two forms of businesses.

     

  11. If parents themselves are to be enjoyed (A)/ a higher lifestyle, it becomes (B)/ difficult to tell their children to keep with (C)/ what they have, and therefore, most of the (D)/ end up financially supporting the child.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option B
    The error in A is the phrase ‘are to be enjoyed’ which needs to be replaced with ‘are enjoying’. Here the subject, “parents”, has been used as an object which is incorrect. In order to rectify this error, the form of the verb should be modified accordingly.
    The error in C is the phrase ‘keep with’, which needs to be replaced with ‘do with’. ‘Keep with’ means to leave something in the care of someone which does not go with the context, instead the phrase ‘do with’ should be used as it means would find useful
    The error in D is the use of article ‘the’ which needs to be replaced with the pronoun ‘them’.

     

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