English Test for IBPS PO Prelims 2020 Exam set – 8

Directions(1-4): In the given question, a part of the sentence is given in brackets. Below the sentence, three alternatives to the bracketed part are given which may help improve the sentence. Choose the option that reflects the correct use of the phrase in the context of the sentence. In case the given sentence is correct, your answer is (E), i.e., ‘No correction required’.

  1. Although he has grown a few inches over summer, the new cycle is still too big for him now, but he should (grow out of) it by next year.
    I. Grow up
    II. Grow back
    III. Grow into
    Only I
    Only II
    Only III
    I and II
    No correction required
    Option C
    The highlighted phrase is a phrasal verb and it means ‘to get too big’ for something. But from the sentence, it is evident that the child is still a bit short for the cycle and it is being hoped that the child will reach the correct height by next year to handle the cycle. ‘Grow up’ means to become an adult.
    ‘Grow back’ means to regrow something.
    ‘Grow into’ means to grow big enough to fit something.

     

  2. The morning light was too bright for his eyes, and he turned to face shelves of (big old brown antique) books.
    I. Antique big old brown
    II. Old big brown antique
    III. Old large brown antique
    Only I
    Only II
    Only III
    II and III
    No correction required
    Option D
    The highlighted phrase is a list of adjectives describing the books on shelves. Adjectives occur in a particular order which is : Quantity or number- Quality or opinion – Size- Age -Shape – Color – Proper adjective (often nationality, other place of origin, or material) – Purpose or qualifier. In the highlighted phrase, ‘big’ which is an adjective of size occurs before ‘old’ which is an adjective of quality. Thus, phrase ii which has them interchanged is a correct replacement. Again, phrase iii has the synonym for ‘big’ which is ‘large’ in the correct position and can also be used to replace the highlighted phrase.

     

  3. They would probably be leaving very soon and anything (she had done hurrying) the process meant they would get to Ashley sooner.
    I. she did hurriedly
    II. she might have done hurriedly
    III. she could do to hurry
    Only I
    Only II
    Only III
    Both II and III
    No correction required
    Option C
    The sentence is in future tense expressing the probability by the use of modal ‘would’ to complete the sense grammatically, we need something in present tense, a support from ‘she’ to expediate the process that would help them go to Ashley at the earliest. Also note that the adverb ‘hurriedly’ is a misfit, we need a verb, so ‘hurry’ is the correct fit, riding segment II correct.

     

  4. The Ministry has taking the more important step toward data localisation.
    I. has taken the most important
    II. has taking the important
    III. had took the most important
    Only I
    Only II
    Only III
    Both II and III
    No correction required
    Option A
    ‘The Ministry’ here refers to a singular unit, therefore the correct verb would be ‘has’ if the sentence is in present tense and ‘had’ if in past tense. Now let us check the main verb which should be in its third form to drive the sentence correct in either present perfect or past perfect form. Now segment A is the only one that suffices the grammar rule. The answer is ‘has taken the most important’ as this phrase provides the correct grammatical structure of the sentence which should be in the present perfect tense.

     

  5. Directions(5-7): In the following question, a word is given in bold, which has been used in the three statements given below it. Identify the statement(s) in which the word fits contextually to convey a logical meaning.

  6. Type
    1) Conditions after the war led to the emergence of a new type of political party.
    2) You have to type for a certain amount of error.
    3) Could you type up the minutes from the meeting, please?
    Only 2
    Both 1 and 2
    Only 3
    Both 2 and 3
    Both 1 and 3
    Option E
    The meanings of the word ‘type’ are as follows:
    a) a category of people or things having common characteristics. [Noun]b) write (something) on a typewriter or computer by pressing the keys. [Verb]Among these, the meaning mentioned in (a) makes sentence 1 correct and the one mentioned in (b) makes sense in sentence 3.
    ‘Allow’ must be used in the sentence 2 to make it contextually correct.

     

  7. Sewer
    1) The same basic principles of animation can be sewer when animating 3-D objects
    2) Engineers looking at flood defences and modelling catchments, sewer systems and watercourses, have to take many factors into consideration.
    3) Yet other species exhibit variation patterns that sewer analysis of the sophistication of present-day biology.
    Only 2
    Both 1 and 2
    Only 3
    All 1, 2 and 3
    Both 1 and 3
    Option A
    ‘Sewer’ means ‘an underground conduit for carrying off drainage water and waste matter’. It is only used aptly in sentence 2. ‘Sewer’ must be replaced with ‘applied’ and ‘defy’ in sentence 1 and 3 respectively to make them contextually correct.

     

  8. Mock
    1) At times I went almost mad, talking gibberish, pulling faces, and singing in mock Latin.
    2) Today, I decided to mock a few stuck-up runners by effortlessly jumping over the track hurdles.
    3) He noted the latitude and longitude, then made a mock on the admiralty chart.
    Only 1
    Only 3
    Both 1 and 2
    Both 2 and 3
    All 1, 2 and 3
    Option C
    Note the plausible meanings of the word ‘mock’:
    a. tease or laugh at in a scornful or contemptuous manner (Verb)
    b. make a replica or imitation of something (verb)
    c. not authentic or real, but without the intention to deceive (Adjective)
    d. an object of derision (Noun)

     

  9. Directions(8-10): In this question, two columns I and II and three sentences are given, which are divided into two parts. Column I (A, B and C) consists of first half of each sentence and Column II (D, E and F) consists of second half of each sentence. Match column I with column II, so that the sentences formed are both meaningful and grammatically correct. Choose the option as your answer.

  10. (I)
    A) Server is a computer which provides
    B) When we lose something
    C) The abbreviation P.T.I. stands
    (II)
    D) for Press Trust of India.
    E) services to other computers.
    F) we understand its value.
    A-E
    C-F
    A-E, B-F, C-D
    B-E
    None of the above
    Option C

     

  11. (I)
    A) If you lie constantly no
    B) Life is short
    C) She is a beautiful person,
    (II)
    D) live to the fullest.
    E) one will trust you.
    F) hence she has many followers.
    A-F
    C-F
    A-E, B-D, C-F
    B-E
    None of the above
    Option C

     

  12. (I)
    A) The Sun shine brightly
    B) The thief came to
    C) She new the
    (II)
    D) during the day.
    E) steel her diamond necklace.
    F) girl very well.
    A-D
    C-F
    A-D, C-E
    B-E
    None of the above
    Option E

     

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