English Test for IBPS PO Prelims 2020 Exam set – 9

Directions(1-5): In the given question, a sentence is divided into five parts out of which the last part is correct. Out of the remaining four, there are errors in three parts. Choose the part which doesn’t have an error. If all the four parts are correct, mark E, i.e., “All are correct” as the answer.

  1. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announce (A)/ that it has approving a ‘breakthrough device’ (B)/ that has the potentially to match cancer (C)/ patients with individualized treatment regiments (D)/ with just one test.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option D
    The error in A is the incorrect use of the verb ‘announce’. The singular form of the verb ‘announces’ (in present) or ‘announced’ (in past) should be used here, as it is referring to a singular organization (FDA).
    The error in B is the incorrect use of verb ‘approving’ and needs to be replaced with the past participle form of the verb ‘approved’. This is because past participle form of verb should be used with the present perfect tense construction (has + verb).
    The error in C is the incorrect use of the adverb ‘potentially’ and needs to be replaced with the noun ‘potential’. This is because it forms the object of the verb.

     

  2. The global credit crunch has caused investment banks (A)/ to crumble, stock markets to plunge and South Korean (B)/ parents to wonder if they can still (C)/ afford to be the world’s largest exporter of (D)/ foreign students to U. S. schools.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option E
    In part A, ‘has’ is the correct form of verb according to the subject verb agreement. Since, the subject is singular verb used should be singular in form.
    In part B, ‘to crumble’ is the correct form of infinitive as ‘to’ is followed by the first form of verb.
    In part C, ‘to’ is the form of preposition as ‘to wonder’ is the correct form of phrasal verb.
    In part D, ‘of’ is the correct form of preposition as ‘exporter of’ is the correct form of phrasal verb.

     

  3. Living on major roadways (A)/ were associated with increased risk (B)/ of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, (C)/ presumably from exposure to elevated level (D)/ of traffic-related air and/or noise pollution.

    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option C
    Only part C is correct.
    The preposition ‘on’ has been incorrectly used in part A of the sentence. It implies that people are living on the road. The correct preposition here is ‘near’.
    In part B, the usage of the auxiliary verb ‘were’ is incorrect. “Living” is a singular noun and must have a singular to agree with. Thus, ‘is’ or ‘has been’ should be used o allow the sentence to be grammatically correct.
    In part D, instead of the singular ‘level’, the plural ‘levels’ should be used to convey a clear meaning.

     

  4. Although Soviet communism collapse in 1989 (A)/ and China has significantly retreated from many aspects of Maoist communism in practice, (B)/ the concept of socialism remain in various forms (C)/ ranging from democratic socialist governments on Latin America and Europe (D)/ to industrialized welfare states.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option B
    Only part B is correct.
    There is an error in the tense used in part A. Since the ‘collapse’ took place in the past, the past tense form ‘collapsed’ should be used.
    The error in part C of the sentence is the lack of subject-verb agreement. Since ‘concept’ is singular, it should be followed by the singular verb ‘remains’ to maintain the subject-verb agreement.
    The preposition ‘on’ has been incorrectly used in part D of the sentence. Instead of ‘on’ the preposition ‘in’ should be used to show location with the country range.
    Note: In the highlighted part, “to” has been used as a preposition, to complete the structure ‘ranging from…to’.

     

  5. Socialism have also been influential (A)/ on other political ideologies such that radical environmentalism, (B)/ various anarchist movements, (C)/ but even as part of economically capitalist countries (D)/ in the form of social welfare policies.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option C
    Only part C is correct.
    ‘Have’ has been incorrectly used in the sentence. It is a present tense verb and generally used with plural nouns. But ‘socialism’ is a singular noun and hence the correct tense to be used here is ‘has’.
    ‘Radical environmentalism’ is an appositive. An appositive is a word group that explains or clari􀁽es through example the words preceding it. “Such that” is a subordinating conjunction. It introduces a subordinate clause. The correct phrase to be used here is “such as” since it introduces an appositive.
    The conjunction ‘but’ has been incorrectly used in part D of the sentence. The example of ‘economically capitalist countries’ is equal in importance to the preceding examples and thus should be joined by the conjunction ‘and’.

     

  6. Directions(6-10): Which of the following phrases (i), (ii), and (iii) given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence grammatically correct? Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark (E) i.e., “No correction required” as the answer.

  7. Nabin’s car was badly damaged in the accident and he was angry about what had happened, but he soon realized that their was no use crying over spilt milk.
    i. but he soon realized that there was no use crying on spilt milk.
    ii. but he soon realized that there was no use crying over spilt milk.
    iii. unless he soon realized that there was any use crying over spilt milk.
    Only i
    Only ii
    Only iii
    ii and iii
    No correction required
    Option B
    Instead of the re􀁾exive pronoun ‘their’, ‘there’ should be used. The idiom ‘crying over spilt milk’ is used to mean to express regret about something that has already happened or cannot be changed.

     

  8. The palaeontologist (claimed that he had found a most unique dinosaur fossil but it turned out to be a mare’s nest).
    i. claimed that he has found a unique dinosaur fossil but it turns out to be a mare’s nest.
    ii. claims that he had found a unique dinosaur fossil but it turned out to be a mare’s nest.
    iii. claimed that he had found a unique dinosaur fossil but it turned out to be a mare’s nest.
    Only i
    Only ii
    Only iii
    ii and iii
    No correction required
    Option C
    The correct answer is ‘claimed that he had found a unique dinosaur fossil but it turned out to be a mare’s nest’.
    The entire exchange is taking place in the past. Thus, the past perfect tense is correct.
    ‘A mare’s nest’ is English idiom which is used to suggest a false discovery, illusion, or deliberate hoax.

     

  9. I had never done anything like this before, (but I just jumped in with both hands and learned it in no time).
    i. but I just jumped in with both feet and learned it in no time
    ii. but I just jumped beneath with both feet and learned it in any time.
    iii. but I just jumped in with both feet and got learned it in no time.
    Only i
    Only ii
    Only iii
    ii and iii
    No correction required
    Option A
    The correct answer is ‘but I just jumped in with both feet and learned it in no time’. Nobody jumps with hands. ‘To jump in with both feet’ means to become involved with something very quickly, enthusiastically, and completely. To commit completely to something without carefully thought about the situation beforehand.

     

  10. My partner (stole my thunder when he told the professor that he did all the work on) the presentation.
    i. steal my thunder when he told the professor that he did all the work on
    ii. stole my thunder when he tells the professor that he did all the work on
    iii. stole my thunder when he told the professor that he did all the work on
    Only i
    Only ii
    Only iii
    ii and iii
    No correction required
    Option C
    “To steal someone’s thunder” is an English idiomatic expression that suggests ‘to win praise for oneself by pre-empting someone else’s attempt to impress’. As the sentence is in past tense thus, past tense of steal is used.

     

  11. The other children (were always picking up on Charlie because of) his red hair.
    i) were used to picking on Charlie for
    ii) picked up Charlie because of
    iii) were always picking on Charlie because of
    Only i
    Only ii
    Only iii
    ii and iii
    No correction required
    Option C
    The answer is ‘were always picking on Charlie because of’. ‘Pick on’ is a phrasal verb. It means to blame, punish or bully someone.

     

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