Directions(1-5): In this question, two columns I and II and three sentences are given, which are divided into two parts. Column I (A, B and C) consists of first half of each sentence and column II (D, E and F) consists of second half of each sentence. Match column I with column II, so that the sentences formed are both meaningful and grammatically correct. Choose the option as your answer.
A) Jane was the only one in the fourth grade who accidently kicked off
B) Susan volunteered at the shelter
C) Andre himself had ordered for their exiles when
D) where she handed out warm clothes.
E) her shoe into the sewer on the way to school one morning.
F) it was revealed they were Sasha’s spies.CFAE and BDAE, BD and CFBD and CFAEOption B
A) Five additional members were added to an existing committee
B) This is only one of the local papers
C) He’s trying to figure out how to earn
D) enough money to go on the trip to Spain.
E) that prints a weekly horoscope.
F) entrusted to monitoring, fighting and controlling oil fires.CDAF and CDAF, CD and BEBECD and BEOption A
A) One of the reasons for his
B) The stop sign on the corner is supposed to
C) The countess was still unwell and unable to travel but
D) it was impossible to wait on her recovery.
E) demotion are his carelessness.
F) be a deterrent that discourages speeding.CDAE and BFBF and CDAE and CDBFOption E
A) After the storm died down, we went
B) Every man and woman in the lobby is
C) The cunctation of the students caused low grades because the teacher
D) outside to see the damage it had caused.
E) requested to proceed to the conference room.
F) always provided important information at the beginning of the classAD, BE and CFBEAD and CFCFBE and CFOption A
A) The decoration of the room, including all the paintings
B) Bill has always been a damper, bringing
C) It preserves its lustre in dry air, but in moist air
D) down the mood with his pessimism and angst.
E) on the walls, are most pleasing.
F) it becomes tarnished by the formation of a film of oxide.AE, BD and CFAEBDBD and CFOption D
Potential (adjective) – having or showing the capacity to develop into something in the future. The sentence with the given blank introduces the artificial intelligence and reflects its capabilities to make or break the world order. Thus, to show the intensity of the power, the word “potential” will fill up the blank.
Dysfunctional (adjective) – not operating normally or properly. The sentence talks about the AI’s ability to pull up the “bottom billion” (people) out of poverty and transform the institutions that are not working properly. Hence, the word “dysfunctional” has been used here.
Enormous (adjective) – very large in size, quantity, or extent. An “enormous impact on societies” means a very large impact on societies. Thus, as per the context, Internet has been regarded as the influencer, influencing enormously the societies worldwide. Hence option E is the correct response.
Anticipated (verb) – regarded as probable; expect or predict. Here, the context talks about the expectations people had from the internet in terms of comprehensive transformation (wide-ranging transformation) and anticipated the same but unfortunately, it couldn’t make it. Hence option B is the correct response.
Accountability (noun) – the fact or condition of being accountable; responsibility. The last lines of the passage reflect the drawbacks of internet thus ending in a pessimistic tone.
Directions(6-10): In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words/phrases are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.
Artificial Intelligence is the next technological frontier, and it has the (6) to make or break the world order. The AI revolution could pull the “bottom billion” out of poverty and transform (7) institutions, or it could entrench injustice and increase inequality. The outcome will depend on how we manage the coming changes.
Unfortunately, when it comes to managing technological revolutions, humanity has a rather poor track record. Consider the Internet, which has had an (8) impact on societies worldwide, changing how we communicate, work, and occupy ourselves. And it has disrupted some economic sectors, forced changes to long-established business models, and created a few entirely new industries. But the Internet has not brought the kind of comprehensive transformation that many (9). It certainly didn’t resolve the big problems, such as eradicating poverty or enabling us to reach Mars. As PayPal co-founder Peter Thiel once noted: “We wanted flying cars; instead, we got 140 characters.”
In fact, in some ways, the Internet has exacerbated our problems. While it has created opportunities for ordinary people, it has created even more opportunities for the wealthiest and most powerful. A recent study by researchers at the LSE reveals that the Internet has increased inequality, with educated, high-income people deriving the greatest benefits online and multinational corporations growing massively – while evading (10).
Find the appropriate word in each case.