Directions(1-5): The given sentences, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of the sentences from among the five given choices to construct a coherent paragraph keeping 1 as the first statement.
- 1) Among the changes made for the Republic Day parade at Rajpath this year, is the introduction of a desi tune instead of the martial tune, which has been played since British time.
A) This year, ‘Shankhanad’, a martial tune created for the Indian Armed forces will be played for the first time on the Rajpath on January 26.
B) This is the first original martial tune of independent India based on Indian classical music and the composition of the tune is the combination of three classical ragas–Raag Bilaskhani Todi, Raag Bhairavi and Raag Kirvani.
C) The Mahar Regiment took the decision to remove British tune and bring Indian classical music.
D) The tune has been composed by Dr Tanuja Nafade, a professor from Nagpur, and is based on a poem written by Brig. Vivek Sohal.ABDCDBACBCADADBCBACDOption A
- 1) On August 21, 1986, disaster struck at Lake Nyos, located in the Northwest Region of Cameroon, Africa.
A) No one could have predicted how true that would ring, until a natural disaster suffocated over 1746 people overnight.
B) Locally known as ‘The Bad Lake’, there were always stories floating around about an evil spirit within the lake who emerged to kill everyone around.
C) The lake exploded, sending a fountain of water over 300 feet into the air and creating a small tsunami.
D) It ended up storing the CO2 gas rather than releasing it, until more than five gallons of CO2 were dissolved in every gallon of water.ABDCBDACBCADADBCCDBAOption E
- 1. The results of CA finals were released yesterday by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, and Shadab Hussain, a hard-working son of a tailor emerged as the topper.
A) Despite his parents being less educated, they worked hard to give him proper schooling, the result of which now bear fruit.
B) Holding a bachelor’s degree in commerce from Kota University, he is the sole person in his family who successfully completed formal education.
C) Hussain found audit to be the easiest of all the seven subjects in the CA final exam and even though has an interest in auditing, he is yet to decide the course of his career.
D) Even more inspiring is the fact that he cracked the exam in his first attempt.ABDCDBACCABDDABCBACDOption B
- 1) The trailer for Kartik Aaryan and Kriti Sanon starrer romantic comedy Luka Chuppi has released, and it appears, that there’s no hiding from the wedding season, even at the Box Office.
A) But living in a ‘live-in’ is not as easy as it sounds, especially in India- and that’s where friends and a few white lies come in.
B) The movie revolves around a young couple, who decide to live-in, before formally tying the knot together, only to face problems from society, family, and lack of privacy.
C) When Guddu (Kartik Aaryan) proposes marriage to his girlfriend (Kriti), she is quick to point out that it would be better to live-in first.
D) Their families soon find out that they are apparently ‘married’, and all hell breaks loose, literally.ABDCDBACBCADADBCBACDOption C
- 1) A wildlife conservationist, who is leading the Mud on Boots project for Sanctuary Asia, posted a story about India’s rampant shark fishing.
A) During her research, she found that thousands of shark fins are being exported to China and other countries.
B) In India, about 10 species of sharks are listed under Schedule 1 of the Wildlife Protection Act, which means, they share the same level of protection as tigers.
C) This is despite the fact that in 2015, a prohibition on the export of shark fins had been put in place.
D) In 2017, Shaili Johri, Postdoctoral Fellow with San Diego State University in California, told IANS that the rampant fishing of sharks can drive them to extinction in our country.ABDCDBACBCADACBDBACDOption D
- A) Neither of us were proficient at using a saw and we’d managed only two rungs when exhaustion caught up with us and the light faded for permanently.
B) Zeb also wanted to see his home, and although he did not found anyone morning for him, the sight of Hugson’s Ranch in the picture made him long to get back there.
C) The fans attending the concert decided to get there early, party way too much, and sleep late the next day.Only AOnly BOnly CBoth B and CNone of theseOption C
Sentence A is incorrect because ‘neither of’ is always followed by a plural noun or pronoun and a singular verb. In the given sentence, it is followed by a plural verb ‘were’ which is incorrect. Therefore, it must be substituted by a singular verb i.e. ‘was’.
The sentence B is incorrect because ‘did’ is never followed by the past tense of the verb. It is always followed by the present tense of the verb. Therefore, ‘found’ should be replaced by ‘find’.
The sentence C maintains parallelism, hence, making it the grammatically correct sentence.
- A) The story was corroborated by defence witnesses, but he was found guilty and sentenced to death.
B) Brandon was fortunate to have been raised by two people who cared as much about one another as they cared for him.
C) Antimonial, bismuth and arsenical compounds were assiduously studied, a direct consequence of their high medicinal importance; mercurial and silver compounds were investigated into for the same reason.Only AOnly BOnly CBoth A and BNone of theseOption A
Sentence B is incorrect because the sentence talks about two people and the phrase ‘one another’ is used for more number of people. The correct replacement should be ‘each other’, since it is used to refer to two people.
Sentence C is incorrect because the preposition ‘into’ shouldn’t be used after investigated, for one always ‘investigates something’ and never ‘investigates into’ something.
Sentence A is in passive voice and is grammatically correct. ‘Corroborate’ means ‘to confirm or give support to (a statement, theory, or finding)’.
- A) He listened, refraining from a reply, and involuntarily wondered how this old man, living alone in the country for so many years, could know and discuss about so minutely and acutely all the recent European military and political events.
B) He very well knew that this battle, undertaken against his will, would result into nothing but confusion.
C) On the field among Borodino and the fleches, beside the wood, the chief action of the day took place on an open space visible from both sides and was fought in the simplest and most artless way.Only ABoth A and BOnly BBoth B and CAll A, B , COption C
- A) Mr. Jack, accompanied by his wife Rinni and his brother, were banished to the forest.
B) Neither the buyers nor the salesman are in favour of the system of the management.
C) But along with wealth, these technologies bring information and thereby sow the seeds of their undoing.Only COnly A and BOnly BAll A,B and CNone of theseOption A
Sentence A is incorrect because of the verb ‘were’. If connectives/appositives like along with, together with, as well as, accompanied by etc. are used to combine two subjects, the verb agrees with the subject mentioned first. Therefore, ‘were’ must be replaced with ‘was’ since the subject is singular i.e. ‘Jack’.
Sentence B is incorrect because when the subjects are joined by ‘either or’ or ‘neither nor’ are of different persons, the verb will agree in person and number with the noun nearest to it. In the given sentence, the subject nearest to the verb is ‘salesman’ which is singular. Therefore, the verb ‘are’ must be replaced with ‘is’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.
- A) We decided to discontinue the event because people began to leave early.
B) The threshold value of the stimuli adequate for the various senses may be extraordinarily lowered.
C) The two countries met at the conference to iron in their differences.Both A and COnly COnly BBoth A and BNone of theseOption D
The sentence ‘C’ is incorrect because of the wrong usage of the phrase ‘iron in’. The correct phrase is ‘iron out’ which means ‘to resolve by discussion, eliminate differences’. The sentence implies that the two countries met at the conference to resolve their differences by discussion.
Directions(6-10): Out of the 3 statements given below, find the one(s) that is/ are grammatically correct.