English Test for SBI Clerk Prelims 2021 Exam set – 16

DIRECTIONS(1-5): In the passage given below there are 5 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Each blank has four alternative words given in options (A),
(B), (C) and (D). You have to tell which word will best suit the respective blank. Mark (E) as your answer if the word given in bold after the blank is your answer i.e
No change required.

  1. There is no ____(1)[dodge] of alarmist narratives around AI. But the “danger” of AI isn’t that it will become _____(2)[abate], or follow its instructions with such a literal
    interpretation and on such a scale that human existence itself be _____(3)[jeopardised]. Science-fiction scenarios of _____(4)[abjure] AI are interesting thought-experiments but already-existing AI is here and requires well-crafted policy.
    Take driverless cars. The US Bureau of Labor Statistics lists six million professional drivers in the US as of 2016 and their jobs are in peril. Trains are easier to automate,
    and metros like Rome, London, and Paris to name a few are already ______(5)[concealing].

    Dearth
    Implore
    Staunch
    Entreat
    No improvement
    Option A
    The presence of- of indicates that the word must be a noun and mean insufficient.
    Dearth means scarcity or lack of something.
    Implore means to beg someone earnestly or desperately to do something. This is a verb and is incorrect.
    Staunch means very loyal and committed in attitude. The narratives cannot be loyal.
    Entreat means to ask someone earnestly or anxiously to do something. This is a verb and is incorrect.
    Dodge means avoid (someone or something) by a sudden quick movement. This is inappropriate with respect to the context.

     

  2. Scourge
    Hostile
    Beseech
    Chastise
    No improvement
    Option B
    The sentence wants to convey that the danger of AI is not that it will be opposed. So, the required word must mean the same as opposed to.
    Hostile means showing or feeling opposition or dislike; unfriendly.
    Scourge means to cause great suffering, AI cannot cause great suffering.
    Beseech means to ask (someone) urgently and fervently to do something. This is incorrect with respect to the context.
    Chastise means rebuke or reprimand severely. One cannot have the danger of ‘rebuking’ from AI.
    Abate means to become less intense or widespread. There is no mention of AI being less intense.

     

  3. Reproved
    Reproached
    Exonerate
    Admonished
    No improvement
    Option E
    Reproved means reprimand (someone). Humans cannot be reprimanded by AI.
    Reproached means express to (someone) one’s disapproval of or disappointment in their actions. This is inappropriate with respect to the context.
    Exonerate means release someone from (a duty or obligation). AI does not release humans from a duty.
    Admonished means to advise or urge (someone) earnestly. This word is unsuitable for describing the danger.
    Jeopardized means put (someone or something) into a situation in which there is a danger of loss, harm, or failure. This is correct as it fulfils the requirement.

     

  4. Malign
    Refute
    Rampant
    Abhor
    No improvement
    Option C
    According to the passage, the required word must describe AI as widespread.
    Rampant means flourishing or spreading unchecked. This is correct as it fulfils the requirement.
    Malign means evil in nature or effect. AI is not evil in nature.
    Refute means prove (a statement or theory) to be wrong or false; disprove. This is inappropriate with respect to the context.
    Abhor means regard with disgust and hatred. AI cannot be regarded with disgust.
    Abjure means solemnly renounce (a belief, cause, or claim). This word is unsuitable as there is no mention of a belief.

     

  5. Reprobating
    Abetting
    Aggrandizing
    Transitioning
    No improvement
    Option D
    The sentence conveys that metro cities are already changing with the help of artificial intelligence. So, the required word must mean ‘ changing’.
    Transitioning means the process or a period of changing from one state or condition to another. This is correct as it fulfils the requirement.
    Concealing means not allow to be seen; hide. The metros cannot be hiding.
    Reprobating means express or feels disapproval. This word is unsuitable.
    Abetting means encourage or assist (someone) to do something wrong. this word is inappropriate with respect to the context.
    Aggrandizing means increase the power, status, or wealth. Metros cannot increase power.

     

  6. Directions(6-10): In the following sentence, four words or phrases have been printed in bold. One of them is not acceptable in Standard English or is a misfit in the context of the sentence. Pick up that part and mark its number. If there are no errors in the bold parts, mark (E) i.e. ‘No error’ as the answer.

  7. I (could not) hear the (telephone) ring, (because) I was (hearing) to a song.

    Could not
    Telephone
    Because
    Hearing
    No error
    Option D
    The correct word in this context would be ‘listening’ which is different from ‘hearing’ which is done without effort like a noise in the background which may or may not
    register, but listening takes an effort and we pay attention while doing it, hence ‘listening to a song’.

     

  8. My focus(1) is to see that the crucial line that binds(2) free speech with credible(3), accountable narrative is not appeased(4) voluntarily or involuntarily. No Error(5)
    Focus
    Binds
    Credible
    Appeased
    No Error
    Option D
    The word ‘appease’ which refers to pacifying or placating someone by acceding to their demands, is misused here. A word like ‘breached’ or ‘broken’ or ‘crossed’ would
    have been appropriate here. ‘Appease’ does not fit in.

     

  9. The terrorists and the (extremists) (collided) with the (smugglers) to (ravage) the country.
    Extremists
    Collided
    Smugglers
    Ravage
    No error
    Option B
    It can be understood from the sentence that the terrorists, extremists and the smugglers have united to destroy the country.
    Thus the word ‘collide’ is incorrect here. The word ‘collude’ has been misplaced with ‘collide’.

     

  10. A (pleasant) flowery (fragrance) (immanated) from the (corridor).
    Pleasant
    Fragrance
    Immanated
    Corridor
    No error
    Option C
    The error in the given sentence is in the spelling of the word ’emanated’. It means ‘to issue or spread out from something’.
    It has been misspelled in the sentence.
    The remaining words have been correctly spelled and are also contextually accurate.

     

  11. The gunmen (dragoned) the (pedestrian) into giving away any (valuable) belongings that she was (carrying).
    Dragoned
    Pedestrian
    Valuable
    Carrying
    No error
    Option A
    The word to be used is ‘dragooned’ which means ‘to coerce’. The spelling is incorrect in the sentence.
    Pedestrian: A person walking, rather than travelling in a vehicle
    Valuable: Worth a great deal of money
    Carrying: Supporting or moving from one plate to another.

     

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