English Test for SBI Clerk Prelims 2021 Exam set – 17

DIRECTIONS(1-5):Given below is a sentence that may or may not be grammatically viable, choose the most suitable alternative that reflects the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence does not require any correction, choose option E i.e., “no correction required” as your answer choice.

  1. At another level, the project assists in better inventory management, something thats bound to help the company during crises.

    At another level, the project assist in better inventory management, something thats bound to help the company during crises.
    During another level, the project assists in better inventory management, something that’s bound to help the company during crises.
    At another level, the project assists in better inventory management, something that’s bound to help the company during crises.
    At another level, the project assists in better inventory management, something that’s bound helping the company during crises.
    No correction required
    Option C
    During is used to denote a period of time or range of events. At is used to denote a particular point of time or event. As we are talking about level, we will use at. So, we can
    eliminate option B. As the word project is singular in nature, the verb should be in its singular form as well. So, assists and not assist should be used. So, we can eliminate
    option A.
    The word that’s and not thats is grammatically correct. It is a contraction of that is.

     

  2. In the following question, a sentence is given. Below the sentence, five sentences are given as options. Which of the options convey the same meaning as the
    given sentence?

    He is travelling with his friends.

    Is he travelling with his friends?
    He is on a vacation.
    Isn’t he travelling with his friends?
    He is not in the town.
    None of the above
    Option C
    The given sentence is an affirmative sentence. Since the given sentence is in the affirmative, it must be changed to negative while changing it to an interrogative
    sentence.
    RULE:-
    If a sentence is in the affirmative it is changed into negative interrogative. If it is in negative then it has to be changed into bare interrogative.
    Examples:
    He was very gentle. (Assertive)
    Wasn’t he very gentle? (Interrogative)
    He is not a good person. (Assertive).
    Is he a good person? (Interrogative)

     

  3. Given below is a sentence that may or may not be grammatically viable. Choose the most suitable alternative that reflects the grammatically correct sentence. If
    the highlighted sentence does not require any corrections, choose option E i.e., no correction required as your answer choice.

    What bolds the criminals the most is the support they get from the police.

    What emboldens the criminals the most is the support they get for the police.
    What emboldens the criminals the most is the support they get from the police
    What bolds the criminals most is the support they get from the police.
    What bolds the criminals the most is the support they get for the police.
    No correction required
    Option B
    The word emboldens means to give confidence / courage to someone to do something. According to the given context, emboldens should replace bolds to make the
    sentence grammatically sound and logically consistent. Moreover, we get support from someone and not for someone.
    Since most indicates superlative degree showing the greatest extent of something, we need to use article the before it. (Note: We use the before superlatives – the
    greatest, the smartest, the fastest etc.). Keeping this point in mind, we can eliminate option C.

     

  4. India has maintained that it will not strike first with nuclear weapons but reserves the right to retaliate for any nuclear first strike against it.
    India has maintained that it will not strike first with nuclear weapons but reserves the right to retaliate to any nuclear first strike against it.
    India has maintained that it will not strike firstly with nuclear weapons but reserves the right to retaliate for any nuclear first strike against it.
    India has maintained that it will not strike firstly with nuclear weapons but reserves the right to retaliate to any nuclear first strike against it.
    India has maintained that it will not strike first with nuclear weapons but reserve the right to retaliate to any nuclear first strike against it.
    No correction required
    Option A
    The subject here is India which is singular in nature. So, the verb that follows should be in its singular form. Hence, we should use reserves and not reserve. This eliminates
    option D.
    We cannot use adverb after strike because it is inconsistent with the structure of the sentence. Instead, first should be used to indicate the beginning of a series of events.
    So, we can eliminate options B and C.
    The meaning of the word retaliate is to make an attack / to hurt someone in return for a similar attack. The appropriate preposition to be used is to and not for (retaliate to
    something)

     

  5. The space agency said that all systems of the spacecraft are functioning normally.
    The space agency said that all systems of the spacecraft is functioning normally.
    The space agency said that each systems of the spacecraft are functioning normally.
    The space agency said that each systems of the spacecraft is functioning normally
    The space agency said that all system of the spacecraft are functioning normally.
    No correction required
    Option E
    We are referring to ‘all systems’ which is plural in nature. So, we should use are and not is.
    Also, each takes a singular verb as it refers to every one of a group taken separately. If we refer to each system (and not each systems), then it will be singular in nature
    and is should be used instead of are.

     

  6. DIRECTIONS(6-10):Each of the following sentences has a blank space and four words are given below. Click on the words you consider most APPROPRIATE.

  7. I wish I _______ the old lady.

    Can help
    May help
    Could have helped
    Could help
    Had
    Option D

     

  8. The professor _______ life imprisonment last month, for having Maoist links.
    Was sentenced on
    Was sentenced at
    Was sentenced in
    Was sentenced of
    Was sentenced to
    Option E
    The given blank can be filled with the fifth option, i.e., ‘was sentenced to’ because the given sentence is in the past tense as phrases like ‘last month’ have been used.
    Also, a person is sentenced ‘to’ life imprisonment by the judicial authorities.

     

  9. The government _______ launch the electoral bonds scheme to fund political parties as proposed in this years’ Budget.
    Would quick
    Will soonly
    Would swift
    Will soon
    Will fastly
    Option D
    The given blank can be filled with the fourth option, i.e., ‘will soon’ because the given sentence is in the simple future tense as words like ‘launch’, ‘in this years’ Budget’,
    etc. have been used. Also, only ‘soon’ is a proper word to be used and ‘soonly’, fastly’ are not grammatically correct words.

     

  10. The central bank was not _______ with key policy rates in its first monetary policy review of 2017-18 unveiled on Thursday
    Expected to tinker
    Expect to tinker
    Expected to tinkering
    Expected with tinker
    Expected on tinker
    Option A
    The given blank can be filled with the first option, i.e., ‘expected to tinker’ because the given sentence is in the past tense as words like ‘was’, ‘unveiled’, etc. have been
    used.
    Also, the second verb (tinker) after the first verb that is in the past tense (expected) will always be in the present tense.

     

  11. The oldest temple of the village ________ at the end of the road.
    Will stand
    Is standing
    Stood
    Stands
    Has been standing
    Option D
    The correct form of the verb here is the simple present tense as it talks about the location of a place.
    We use the simple present tense to refer to the locations of places.
    Thus option D is the correct answer.

     

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