Directions(1-8): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below them. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
Prodded by an unrelenting Supreme Court Bench, Assam met its December 31 deadline for publication of the first draft of the updated National Register of Citizens. In the event, the list proved to be a draft of a draft, with 13.9 million cases remaining under scrutiny and names of only 19 million of the 32.9 million applicants making the cut. It is to the government’s credit that its repeated clarifications that missing out on the list is no reason to panic kept people’s anxieties in check. The bigger challenge lies ahead when the contours of the draft assume a firmer shape, and there is a clearer sense of the numbers that do not make it to the Draft Consolidated List of the NRC — by implication, people who are illegal immigrants in Assam. The process will be protracted, with claims and contestations even after the final draft. But, when completed, one can only hope the exercise will bring some closure to the vexed issue of foreigners in the State, one that had triggered the six-year-long Assam Agitation that ended in the mid-1980s but has continued to roil its politics. The promise of detection and expulsion of aliens has propelled two parties to power 31 years apart, the Asom Gana Parishad in 1985 and the Bharatiya Janata Party in 2016.
While the scale is debatable, border crossings into Assam and West Bengal are a reality, and political parties are to blame for turning a blind eye to the situation over the decades in order to cultivate vote banks. The issue has, however, become much larger than a cut-and-dried question of who is an Indian citizen and who is not. There are important humanitarian concerns at play, concerns that go beyond identification and numbers. Nearly five decades have elapsed since the cut-off date of March 25, 1971, and individuals who have sneaked in illegally have children and grandchildren by now. Since India is the only country they have ever known, where are they expected to go? The conditions under which some 20,000-odd doubtful, or ‘D’, voters have been confined in Assam do not inspire confidence. That the list of aliens will only increase is daunting given the absence of a deportation treaty with Bangladesh. The situation has been muddied with the Centre’s intent to pass the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill and make Hindu illegal migrants and those from certain other minority communities in Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan eligible for Indian citizenship. Part of the BJP’s manifesto for the 2014 general election, the Bill, with a cut-off date of December 31, 2014, undermines the process of the NRC, which is denominationally agnostic. The BJP would do better to focus on its campaign promise of sealing the India-Bangladesh border and explore the possibility of provisions such as transparent work permits for foreigners, rather than push for this politically contentious legislation.
- What issue of Assam will be addressed after the completion of the National Register of Citizens?
Counting of exact number of citizens for safety against cross border terrorismInfiltration of terrorists in the stateProviding shelter to refugeesSorting the issue of foreigners in the stateBoth B and DOption D
Refer to “But, when completed, one can only hope the exercise will bring some closure to the vexed issue of foreigners in the State, one that had triggered the six-year-long Assam Agitation that ended in the mid-1980s but has continued to roil its politics.”
- Why according to the passage, the list of foreigners is feared to increase?
The borders between Indian and such nations have long been sealedIndia has no deportation treaty with any of its neighboursPeople have been residing in India since generationsThere is no deportation treaty with BangladeshAll of the aboveOption D
Refer to “That the list of aliens will only increase is daunting given the absence of a deportation treaty with Bangladesh.”
- “The political parties ignored the situation of border crossing over the decades in order to cultivate vote banks.” According to the passage, this statement is
Definitely TrueProbably TrueDefinitely FalseProbably FalseCannot be determinedOption A
Refer to “While the scale is debatable, border crossings into Assam and West Bengal are a reality, and political parties are to blame for turning a blind eye to the situation over the decades in order to cultivate vote banks.”
- Which of the following words can be used to replace the word ‘unrelenting’ as used in the passage?
Unrelenting means not bending or inflexible.
- Which of the following statements is definitely true according to the passage?
A. The final count for state has recently been completed.
B. The government had ensured the people that they should not panic in case their names are not in the citizen count.
C. The people of Assam welcome the communities that have been residing in the state since generation though not legally holding citizenship of the country.Only ABoth A and COnly BBoth C and BAll of the aboveOption C
“Prodded by an unrelenting Supreme Court Bench, Assam met its December 31 deadline for publication of the first draft of the updated National Register of Citizens.” A is not true as the draft is made not the final count.
“It is to the government’s credit that its repeated clarifications that missing out on the list is no reason to panic kept people’s anxieties in check.” B is true.
“The promise of detection and expulsion of aliens has propelled two parties to power 31 years apart, the Asom Gana Parishad in1985 and the Bharatiya Janata Party in 2016.” C is not definitely true as parties have been winning elections on the agenda of detecting and expelling the foreigners thus, people are definitely not in support of them.
- Which of the following is most nearly SIMILAR of the word “Prodded” as used in the passage?
Prodded means to be poked or stimulated.
- Which of the following is most nearly OPPOSITE to the word “protracted” as used in the passage?
Protracted means procrastinated. Opposite is Expedited which means to speed up.
- Which of the following is most nearly OPPOSITE to the word “contentious” as used in the passage?
- Further, any escrow of cash flows (will have to be difficult to implement) given two sets of lenders and the need to split cash flows between them.
Will have to be difficult to implementWould be difficult to implementWill be difficult in implementWas difficult to implementWas being difficult to be implementedOption B
Escrow – an agreement between two people or organizations in which money or property is kept by a third person or organization until a particular condition is met.
- It traces her journey up the corporate ladder, to head functions (range from) marketing to sales and HR.
Range fromRanging throughRanging fromRange ofRanging ofOption C
The writer tries to tell that her journey covers various sectors from marketing to sales.
Directions(9-10):In the following questions, part of each sentence or the entire sentence is given in brackets; beneath each sentence are five ways of phrasing the bracketed text. Choice (A) repeats the original phrasing, the other four choices are different. If you think the original phrasing produces a better sentence than any of the alternatives, select choice (A); If not, select one of the other choices.